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The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                     

Republic of Armenia

Armenia joined the World Trade Organization in January 2003. The government has made some improvements in tax and customs administration in recent years, but anti-corruption measures have been largely ineffective. Armenia will need to pursue additional economic reforms and strengthen the rule of law in order to raise its economic growth and improve economic competitiveness and employment opportunities, especially given its economic isolation from Turkey and Azerbaijan.

  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2021]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Armenia.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims


United Methodist Committee on Relief
800 50 558
Country code: 374-



Armenia: Child Prostitution Taboo

Sona Meloyan, Caucasus, CRS Issue 182, 21 Feb 2005

[accessed 30 March 2011]

Underage prostitution is growing as more young people end up on the streets.

Few people in Armenia will admit that child prostitutes exist, let alone talk openly about it. That is making it harder to address the problem as increasing numbers of vulnerable young people end up living on the street.  "They never talk about child prostitution. It's a taboo subject," Mikael Danielian, head of the Armenian Helsinki Group, told IWPR.  "Neither the police nor the authorities - not even adult prostitutes - will say anything. They try to stifle the subject, shut it down. But that does not make it any less of a problem."

Two years ago, when Hasmik was begging in a park in the capital Yerevan with her mother and younger brother and sister, three men forced her into their car and raped her.  Hasmik's mother chose not to go to the police, fearing that as a beggar, she would only get into more trouble. Instead, she actively encouraged her daughter to become a prostitute.  "I share an apartment with my friend, and try to avoid my mother. She's always asking for money," Hasmik said. - sccp


*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 23 August 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The law prohibits the sexual exploitation of children and provides for prison sentences of seven to 15 years for conviction of violations. Conviction of child pornography is punishable by imprisonment for up to seven years. The minimum age for consensual sex is 16.

According to NGOs, although official statistics showed relatively few cases of sexual exploitation and sale of children, there were numerous undetected and unreported cases caused by gaps in legislation, training, awareness raising, detection, and reporting.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 19 January 2011]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - The commercial exploitation of girls is reportedly increasing in Armenia..  Trafficking of girls to Turkey and the United Arab Emirates for prostitution is a problem.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, January 30, 2004

[accessed 19 January 2011]

[241] While welcoming that penalties have been introduced under the Criminal Code for enticing girls into prostitution and keeping brothels, the Committee reiterates its concern at the insufficient data on and awareness of the phenomenon of sexual exploitation of children in Armenia, and at the absence of a comprehensive and integrated approach to preventing and combating this phenomenon. Furthermore, the Committee is deeply concerned that persons under 18 years of age engaged in prostitution are prosecuted under the Criminal Code, rather than assisted as victims.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action [DOC]

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – ARMENIA - In 2000 UNICEF, together with the IOM and the OSCE, conducted a study on the trafficking of women and children from Armenia. Those who have taken part in the study have said that the findings are alarming.

Report submitted by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

U.N. Economic and Social Council, Commission on Human Rights, Sixtieth session, 5 January 2004$File/G0410040.doc?OpenElement

[accessed 30 March 2011]

[56] The policy framework for children in Armenia is the 2001 National Plan of Action for the Protection of the Rights of the Child, prepared based on the recommendation of the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child.

From Stockholm to Yokohama:  The Global Partnership to Combat CSEC [DOC]

ECPAT International, Agenda For Action Report, 2002

[accessed 30 March 2011]

MONITORING -- WHAT MEASURES HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO PREVENT CHILD SEX TOURISM IN AND FROM THE COUNTRY? - In Armenia, a major part of the child sex tourism industry is connected to the vast numbers of Armenian children that are trafficked from one city to another, within Armenia or from Armenia to other countries. One way of preventing trafficking, and child prostitution, is through legal measures that prohibit children from traveling without their parents.




Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 4 February 2020]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS – Authorities reported the country is a source and transit point for women and girls trafficked primarily for sexual exploitation to the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Russia, Uzbekistan, Greece, and other European countries.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution - Armenia",, [accessed <date>]