Torture in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]

Child Prostitution

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                                                                           

Democratic Republic of Madagascar

Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. Exports of apparel have boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the US.

Poverty reduction and combating corruption will be the centerpieces of economic policy for the next few years.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Madagascar.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Warnings Or Dangers: Child prostitution

Travel Guides - grets's Madagascar Page, Jul 5, 2004

[accessed 16 June 2011]

Child prostitution is a major problem in Madagascar and we found some disturbing evidence of this. Post cards for sale in certain hotels showing girls aged 9-10 with the words 'My name is...., I am 9 1/2 years old and I live in Tana'. Picture cards of young boys in swimming trunks, again with similar wording. Bars with large pictures of children on the walls, mainly pre-teen girls with very little clothing. Walking along the beach at Ifaty we are approached by girls as young as 6, leaning back seductively whilst spreading their legs, asking 'you want picture?'


*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 19 February 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Commercial sexual exploitation is a problem in most of Madagascar’s urban areas and sex tourism is prevalent in small coastal towns and villages.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8. 2006

[accessed 19 February 2011]

CHILDREN - Child prostitution was a problem. According to a continuing study conducted by the International Labor Organization's International Program for the Elimination of Child Labor (IPEC), there were approximately 700 to 800 child prostitutes in the city of Nosy Be and more than 2 thousand in Toamasina. Some child prostitutes reported earning several times the average per capita monthly income. Acute poverty and lack of family support were the primary reasons that children engaged in prostitution.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 October 2003

[accessed 19 February 2011]

[65] While welcoming the adoption of Act 98-024 of 25 January 1999 amending the Penal Code, the Committee is concerned about the increasing number of child victims of commercial sexual exploitation, including prostitution and pornography.  Concern is also expressed at the lack of programs for the physical and psychological recovery and social rehabilitation of child victims of such abuse and exploitation.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – MADAGASCAR – There has been an increase in CSEC and especially sex tourism particularly in the capital and in the province of Antsohy. The increase has been remarkable in the last ten years and is attributed to poverty and the increase in the tourism industry. Most of the victims of CSE are reported to be school ‘drop-outs’. Child prostitution involving mainly fishermen as clients is another phenomenon is also been reported on the increase. There are also talks about a pedophile network operating in the country.

Reports to Treaty Bodies

Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 June 2011]

The Committee further expressed concern about the lack of free primary education; the increasing number of street children and the lack of a strategy to address their needs; the increasing number of child victims of commercial sexual exploitation, including prostitution and pornography; the lack of judges and criminal courts for minors; the sentencing of children aged 16 and 17 as adults; the limited possibilities for the rehabilitation and reintegration of juveniles following judicial proceedings.

Madagascar launches campaign to end child sex exploitation

UNICEF Press Centre, Madagascar, 10 December 2003

[accessed 19 February 2011]

At the official launch of a national campaign to end child sexual exploitation in Madagascar, UNICEF and ILO presented the resumes of three studies that highlighted the sexual exploitation of children in Madagascar. According to the UNICEF-sponsored study, between 30 per cent to 50 per cent of all sex workers in two of the country's main cities, Nosy Be and Tamatave, were children under the age of 18.

Madagascar Trafficking in Person Report – 2004

U.S. Embassy - Antananarivo, Political & Economic Section

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 June 2011]

The studies found that a significant number of Malagasy children, mostly girls between the ages of 13 and 18, engaged in prostitution. The report indicated that much of that activity was without the involvement of any third party, although there were some cases of encouragement or facilitation by family or other third parties, including taxi and rickshaw drivers, friends, or traditional (often older, female) pimps/procurers. The studies cited social, economic, and cultural factors as influencing the incidence of child prostitution. Malagasy cultural practices, for example, permit minors to choose sexual partners, even among strangers, and to accept gifts or money from them without any social stigma. The report also noted that prostitution has traditionally been seen here as a normal activity and legitimate source of income.

Comments made by the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations CEACR (from 1990)

CEACR 2005/76th Session

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 June 2011]

The Committee notes that, in 2002, ILO/IPEC carried out a "rapid assessment" concerning the scope of the phenomenon of the sexual exploitation of children in Madagascar, in the towns of Antsiranana, Toliara and the capital, Antananarivo. This study reveals the existence of the commercial sexual exploitation of children. Both girls and boys are affected. Generally speaking, boys and girls are "recruited" in the street or in nightclubs. However, boys in Antsiranana also have contact persons - generally hotel receptionists - who transmit offers or requests between the boys and their clients. Furthermore, according to the National Action Plan to Combat Child Labour, the commercial sexual exploitation of children occurs in most of the urban areas of Madagascar. Certain locations in particular, such as tourist towns and coastal villages, are affected. Most of the clients involved in the commercial sexual exploitation of children are Malagasy nationals. The use of intermediaries varies between 15 and 47 per cent in the three cities of Antananarivo, Antsiranana and Toliara. The average age at which children start work in this sector varies between 13 and 15.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution – Madagascar",, [accessed <date>]



Torture in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Madagascar]  [other countries]