Torture in  [Angola]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Angola]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Angola]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Angola]  [other countries]

Child Prostitution

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                               

Republic of Angola

Angola's high growth rate is driven by its oil sector, which has taken advantage of high international oil prices. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 85% of GDP.

Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the country's food must still be imported.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Angola.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict [PDF]

Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict, Issue 2: Angola, April 25, 2002

[accessed 29 March 2011]

[page 12] TRAFFICKING AND EXPLOITATION - Child trafficking, prostitution, pornography, forced labor, sexual slavery and other forms of exploitation are believed to be rampant in Angola, in part due to the war-caused break down of social structures and traditional security mechanisms. ECPAT estimates that 3,000 children under the age of 18 are involved in prostitution for their survival and thousands more are sold for sex on the streets of Luanda. ECPAT also reports that relatives and guardians have allegedly forced minors into prostitution, especially children from rural areas. Some night club owners reportedly allow under-age girls into clubs for sexual exploitation by clients. Cases of sexual exploitation of children by military groups and foreign men in Angola are allegedly on the rise.


*** ARCHIVES ***

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 19 January 2011]

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Many homeless girls are at high risk of sexual and other forms of violence. Child trafficking, commercial sexual exploitation, pornography, forced labor, sexual slavery, and other forms of exploitation are reported. Children have been trafficked internally and also to Namibia and South Africa for the purposes of sexual exploitation and domestic and commercial labor.

Human Rights Reports » 2006 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 6, 2007

[accessed 19 January 2011]

CHILDREN - Child prostitution is illegal; however, there were unconfirmed reports of child prostitution in Santa Clara, in Cunene province on the border with Namibia. Children reportedly were crossing into Namibia to engage in prostitution for survival with local truck drivers, without third party involvement.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, November 3, 2004

[accessed 19 January 2011]

[66] The Committee is concerned about the extent of the problem of sexual exploitation of and trafficking in children in the State party and notes that internally displaced and street children are particularly vulnerable to such abuse.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action [DOC]

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – ANGOLA – CSEC in the country is reported to be on the increase. According to DCI Angola, 22 % of children in Luanda are without proper protection and are very vulnerable to CSEC. About 800,000 children under 15 years of age are displaced and are dependent on humanitarian aid, and 3000 children prostitute themselves for survival.

Angola's Children Bearing The Greatest Cost Of War

Jenny Clover, African Security Review Vol 11 No 3, 2002

[accessed 12 Aug  2013]

STREET CHILDREN - Separated from their families and unable to rely on kinship networks, they tend to organize into smaller groups with an older child protecting younger children, socially isolated in ghettoized buildings. Many are orphaned or abandoned; some have left starving families or abusive environments. For children, survival requires washing cars, carrying water, scavenging in dustbins or prostituting themselves.

Child Prostitutes brought to SA

Mandy Rossouw, Beeld, Johannesburg, 2003-02-19

[accessed 3 August 2011]

Child prostitution is flourishing in South Africa and syndicates are bringing thousands of children from Asiatic and African countries into the country to sell their bodies. A report compiled by UN officials who investigated child abuse, child rape and prostitution in South Africa claims that children were abducted or lured with false promises from Angola, Mozambique, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Eastern Europe.

Children of Conflict – Child Workers

BBC World Service

[accessed 29 March 2011]

PROSTITUTION - Many children have fled the conflict zones and now live in the coastal cities in overcrowded slums. In the capital Luanda, 16-year-old Maria and 15-year-old Lili, both of whom have small children, work as prostitutes to support their families.

UNICEF: Second World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

DRAFT Consultancy Report Prepared as a component of the UNICEF – ESARO  & ANPPCAN Partnership Project on Sexual Exploitation and Children’s Rights, October, 2001, Nairobi, Kenya

[accessed 19 September 2011]


Commitment: To have in place a National Plan on CSEC by the end of the year 2000.

Status of National Plan: Has plan on CSEC that was adopted in 1998.  The plan requires actions to be taken in the fields of prevention, protection and rehabilitation.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution - Angola", Angola.htm, [accessed <date>]


Torture in  [Angola]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Angola]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Angola]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Angola]  [other countries]