Torture in  [Thailand]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Thailand]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Thailand]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Thailand]  [other countries]

Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance

& Other Ill Treatment

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                              

Kingdom of Thailand

With a well-developed infrastructure, a free-enterprise economy, and generally pro-investment policies, Thailand was one of East Asia's best performers from 2002-04, averaging more than 6% annual real GDP growth. However, overall economic growth has fallen sharply - averaging 4.9% from 2005 to 2007 - as persistent political crisis stalled infrastructure mega-projects, eroded investor and consumer confidence, and damaged the country's international image.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Description: Thailand

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Thailand.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Military Targets Outspoken Activist and Media for Defamation

Human Rights Watch, New York, 15 February 2018

[accessed 16 february 2018]

The Thai military should immediately withdraw criminal and civil defamation cases against a human rights activist who spoke out publicly about his torture by security forces in Thailand’s southern border provinces, Human Rights Watch said today. The military has also brought defamation cases against prominent online media that reported the case.

The Thai military arrested Ismae and held him incommunicado in military detention in 2008 at the Ingkayuthboriharn Camp in Pattani province. Ismae said military interrogators electrocuted, punched, kicked, and beat him with a stick until he passed out. They also poured water on him to make him suffocate. Ismae said the torture was used to force him to confess that he was involved in a separatist insurgency. In October 2016, the Administrative Court ordered the army to pay Ismae compensation of 305,000 baht ($8,700) for emotional distress and physical injuries suffered. No security personnel have been prosecuted for Ismae’s torture and mistreatment

Torture and ill treatment in The Deep South

Duayjai, HAP and CrCF Torture situation in Pattani, Jan 2016

[accessed 2 November 2017]


The interviewee is a male,  30 years old. The incident occurred on 30 November 2013. Selatan ranger unit brought 13 truckloads of men whereby about 50-60 people came to surround  the cordon, and arrested six young people. Then they went and searched every house in the neighborhood. They came to search the place where I was living. At that time I was cooking dinner with 5 friends and the landlord. Officers also arrested myself and a friend who wasn’t a local. They searched the house and arrested me. They used a white cable plastic tie to restrain my wrists behind my back. Four-five officials stomped on my back and ribs many times and then dragged me outside the house (before this I had already surrendered by raising both hands).

When I was outside the house, they told me to stretch my legs and officials stood on my legs and calves while I was lying face down. I was beaten on the head several times. Afterwards, the officials found a gun in the house. It belonged to a friend. The officials questioned me and smacked my head, then the officials took me into the house alone. Approximately 13 officials jointly kicked me and asked where the guns were. I said I did not know and there was no gun. The officials threatened to shoot me if I did not give out information on the guns, I replied that if I have any guns, shoot me. The officials smacked, hit, and slapped me on my back torso many times until I was so numb and I was drifting in and out of consciousness.

Thailand: Investigate Alleged Torture in Military Custody

Human Rights Watch, New York, 18 March 2015

[accessed 6 April 2015]

Four suspects in a grenade attack on the Bangkok criminal court alleged that they were tortured while being held in military custody from March 9 to 15, 2015, according to the legal defense group Thai Lawyers for Human Rights. The four – Sansern Sriounruen, Chanwit Chariyanukul, Norapat Luephon, and Wichai Yusuk – said interrogators slapped, punched, and kicked them in the head, chest, and back. They allege that they were also tortured with electrical shocks that left marks on their skin. The suspects asserted that authorities tortured them to extract information and to force them to confess to involvement in the late evening attack on March 7 in which a grenade exploded in the parking lot of the Bangkok criminal court.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2015 - Events of 2014

Human Rights Watch, 29 January 2015 or download PDF at

[accessed 18 March 2015]


ARBITRARY AND SECRET DETENTION - Since the coup, the junta has detained more than 300 politicians, activists, journalists, and people that it accused of supporting the deposed government, disrespecting the monarchy, or being involved in anti-coup protests and activities. The NCPO held people in incommunicado lockup in military camps. Some have been held longer than the seven-day limit for administrative detention provided for under martial law. Kritsuda Khunasen, a United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD) activist, was arrested by soldiers on May 27, in Chonburi province and held incommunicado until June 24. Kritsuda alleged that soldiers beat her during interrogation and suffocated her with a plastic bag until she lost consciousness.

ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCES - Prominent ethnic Karen activist Por Cha Lee Rakchongcharoen, known as “Billy,” was forcibly disappeared after officials at Kaengkrachan National Park arrested him on April 17, 2014 in Petchaburi province. At time of writing, there was no progress in police investigation to locate Billy and bring those responsible for his disappearance to justice.

Myanmar suspects tortured, rights panel says

Chularat Saengpassa, The Nation, 17 November 2014

[accessed 2 December 2014]

Two Myanmar men facing charges of murdering British tourists on Koh Tao were tortured, according to the ongoing probe by a subcommittee of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

The NHRC panel said the suspects said they were slapped in the face and their heads were covered with a plastic bag and then a second bag while in custody. They were told they would face serious harm and be thrown into the sea if they did not confess to the murders of the two Britons.

Opposition activist fabricated torture allegations, says Thai junta

Andrew R.C. Marshall, Reuters, Bangkok, 5 Aug 2014

[accessed 5 August 2014]

An opposition activist's claims that she was tortured in military custody were "100 percent fabricated", Thailand's ruling junta said on Tuesday, after the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights called for an immediate investigation.

Kritsuda Khunasen, 27, was one of hundreds of politicians, activists, academics and journalists held by the military after it overthrew the government of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra in a bloodless May 22 coup.

Kritsuda was arrested five days later and detained for 29 days at an unidentified military camp, where she said she was blindfolded with duct tape, slapped, punched and hooded with a plastic bag until she passed out.

The Thai military told Reuters it had investigated Kritsuda's claims and found them to be untrue.

"It is 100 percent fabricated," said Colonel Winthai Suvaree, a spokesman for the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), as the junta calls itself. "We checked with the officials, and no such incidents took place.

The state of the world's human rights

Amnesty International AI, Annual Report 2013

[accessed 11 Feb 2014]

INTERNAL ARMED CONFLICT - The 2005 Emergency Decree on Public Administration in State of Emergency remained in place throughout the year, with the government renewing its mandate every three months. The decree allows immunity from prosecution for officials who may have committed human rights violations – including torture.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 14 February 2013]

TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT – The law prohibits such practices; however, NGOs and legal organizations continued to report that some members of the police occasionally tortured and beat suspects to obtain confessions. During the year there were newspaper reports of numerous cases in which citizens accused police of using brutality, threatening false charges, and extorting bribes. Investigations were undertaken in most of the cases, including several in which the accused police officers were suspended pending the results of internal investigations.

A Thai senator, testifying as a character witness at the trial of four Muslim suspects accused of membership in Jemaah Islamiya, said that while in police custody bags were put over the suspects' heads, and they were beaten on the back and the abdomen. The four were acquitted by the criminal court in June and released from custody. Police opened an internal investigation, but at year's end no criminal charges had been filed.

In March 2004 five suspects in the 2004 Narathiwat military camp raid alleged that police beat and administered electric shocks to them in order to obtain confessions. The suspects filed a formal complaint with the Ministry of Justice through their lawyer, Somchai Neelapaichjit, who subsequently disappeared and was presumed dead (see section 1.b.). Police opened an internal investigation of the officers suspected of abuse, but at year's end no criminal charges had been filed.

There were no reported developments in the internal police investigation into the November 2004 claim by a married couple that they were beaten and robbed while under detention for 102 days without charge at the Lumpini police station in Bangkok.

In November 2004 police in Ayutthaya Province reportedly beat and applied electric shock to a man's genitals to coerce a confession after arresting him for suspected robbery; 23 members of the police were transferred to Bangkok in connection with the incident, pending an internal police investigation. In December the complainant reportedly withdrew his complaint following an out-of-court settlement.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 5   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

[accessed 14 February 2013]

Pretrial detention—often lasting up to 84 days in criminal cases—is a serious problem, and trials frequently take years to complete. Prison conditions are dire, with inmates and detainees facing shackling and abuse by police and military personnel. State officials are rarely prosecuted for such acts. According to an August 2008 International Crisis Group report, a range of paramilitary forces and civilian militias operating alongside the military and police are impeding efforts to defeat the insurgency in the southern provinces; despite its reputation for human rights abuses and corruption, the “ranger” paramilitary force has been tripled in size by the army since the violence erupted in 2004. Reports of extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests, and torture by security forces in the south continued in 2008.

Human Rights in Thailand

Human Rights Watch

[accessed 14 February 2013]

In the southern border provinces, separatist insurgents attack civilians including government teachers, and state security forces torture and “disappear” people with impunity.

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Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance & Other Ill Treatment in the early years of the 21st Century- Thailand ",, [accessed <date>]



Torture in  [Thailand]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Thailand]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Thailand]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Thailand]  [other countries]