Torture in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
 

Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance

& Other Ill Treatment

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                                        gvnet.com/torture/Moldova.htm

Republic of Moldova

Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe despite recent progress from its small economic base. It enjoys a favorable climate and good farmland but has no major mineral deposits. As a result, the economy depends heavily on agriculture, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco.

Economic reforms have been slow because of corruption and strong political forces backing government controls.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Moldova

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Moldova.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Torture in Moldova

International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (irct)

Developed in collaboration with the Medical Rehabilitation Centre for Torture Victims (RCTV Memoria), June 2014

www.irct.org/Admin/Public/DWSDownload.aspx?File=%2fFiles%2fFiler%2fpublications%2fCountry+factsheets%2fCF+Moldova+-+PUBLIC+EDIT+pdf.pdf

[accessed 23 June 2015]

irct.org/assets/uploads/pdf_20161120101426.pdf

[accessed 31 July 2017]

Torture is still used in Moldova, as well as in the Transnistrian region, despite increasing government efforts to crackdown on the perpetrators of torture. While the number of reported torture acts has decreased throughout the years, it is estimated that the number of instances remains higher than reported due to lack of trust in the judicial system.

The state of the world's human rights

Amnesty International AI, Annual Report 2013

www.amnesty.org/en/region/moldova/report-2013

[accessed 3 Feb 2014]

TORTURE AND OTHER ILL-TREATMENT - In spite of changes to the law, impunity for torture and other ill-treatment continued. Of 128 complaints received by the Prosecutor General’s Office in connection with incidents following demonstrations in April 2009, only 43 had reached the courts and only three police officers had been convicted by the end of 2012. In all three cases the officers received suspended sentences.

On 8 May, the Supreme Court rejected an appeal by Eugen Fedoruc against his detention in Chişinău Psychiatric Hospital, and in July his detention was extended for a further six months. Eugen Fedoruc was first held by the police on 2 April 2011 in connection with a series of murders. He alleged that he was tortured when he was held in Chişinău General Police Directorate from 16 April to 17 June 2011. He said he had been suspended with his hands and legs bound together and given electric shocks to force him to confess. He was then transferred to Chişinău Psychiatric Hospital for 10 days for psychiatric assessment, and remained in detention until December. Eugen Fedoruc had been previously treated as an outpatient for schizophrenia, but his doctor said in June 2012 that he was calm and presented no threat to the public, and that there was no reason for him to be held as an inpatient. The torture allegations were not investigated.

Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture

U.N. Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment  -- Doc. CAT/C/CR/30/7 (2003)

www1.umn.edu/humanrts/cat/observations/moldova2003.html

[accessed 4 March 2013]

5. The Committee expresses concern about:

(a) The numerous and consistent allegations of acts of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of detainees in police custody;

(b) The reported lack of prompt and adequate access by persons in police custody to legal and medical assistance, and to family members;

(c) The deletion of the definition of torture in the new Criminal Code, which was in conformity with that of the Convention;

(d) Administrative police detention in temporary holding facilities under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior;

(e) The reported failure of the State party to ensure prompt, impartial and full investigations into the numerous allegations of torture and ill-treatment, thereby contributing to a culture of impunity among law enforcement officials;

(f) The absence of an independent oversight mechanism competent to deal with complaints against the police;

(g) The lack of judicial supervision of temporary holding facilities that are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior;

(h) Allegations of a dysfunctional criminal justice system, apparently caused in part by a lack of independence of the procuracy and the judiciary;

(i) Allegations concerning the heavy emphasis put on confessions as a primary source of evidence in criminal proceedings;

(j) Reports alleging that immigrants are apparently being detained in poor conditions in temporary holding facilities;

(k) Allegations regarding the expulsion of aliens that seem to occur without taking into consideration the safeguards contained in article 3 of the Convention;

(l) The poor material conditions prevailing in police detention facilities and prisons, and the lack of independent inspections of such places. The Committee expresses particular concern at reports alleging that juveniles are in some cases held together with adults where they lack education and meaningful activities;

(m) The lack of training in the prevention of torture of law enforcement personnel, including doctors dealing with persons deprived of their liberty.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61664.htm

[accessed 6 February 2013]

TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT – The law prohibits such practices; however, there were reports that police employed cruel and degrading arrest and interrogation methods and that guards beat prison inmates. On June 30, parliament approved a law criminalizing torture.

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) reported several cases of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment of prisoners and detainees. For example, the local Amnesty International (AI) office reported that armed police beat several Roma in a mid-July raid on a Romani community in Edineti in connection with a murder investigation. Police in Chisinau detained three persons incommunicado for several weeks (see section 1.d.).

According to the Helsinki Committee, the Ministry of Internal Affairs took administrative action against the officers involved in the September 2004 beating and interrogation of Petru Calamanov.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 4   Civil Liberties: 4   Status: Partly Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/moldova

[accessed 6 February 2013]

Although the constitution provides for an independent judiciary, there is evidence of bribery and political influence among judicial and law enforcement officials. Some courts are inefficient and unprofessional, and many rulings are never carried out. Laws passed in 2005 on appointments to the Supreme Court and the Superior Court of Magistrates have had some success in strengthening judicial independence. An April 2008 European Commission report called for better training for judges and prosecutors and reforms to ensure the independence of the general prosecutor’s office. Opposition parties cited criminal probes aimed at critics of the 2007 renationalization of the Soroca granite quarry as evidence of the office’s politicization. Abuse and ill-treatment in police custody are still widespread, and prison conditions are exceptionally poor.

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Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance & Other Ill Treatment in the early years of the 21st Century- Moldova", http://gvnet.com/torture/Moldova.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Torture in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [Moldova]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [Moldova]  [other countries]