Human Trafficking in  [India]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [India]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [India]  [other countries]
Torture in  [India]  [other countries]
 

Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance

& Other Ill Treatment

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                                          gvnet.com/torture/India.htm

Republic of India

India's diverse economy encompasses traditional village farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, a wide range of modern industries, and a multitude of services. Services are the major source of economic growth, accounting for more than half of India's output with less than one third of its labor force. Slightly more than half of the work force is in agriculture, leading the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government to articulate a rural economic development program that includes creating basic infrastructure to improve the lives of the rural poor and boost economic performance.

The economy has posted an average growth rate of more than 7% in the decade since 1997, reducing poverty by about 10 percentage points.

Description: Description: Description: Description: India

CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in India.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

*** FEATURED ARTICLE ***

Aslamuddin, 18, a Student Tortured in a Police Station in Kerala

Asian Human Rights Commission - Urgent Appeals Programme, Urgent Appeal Case: AHRC-UAC-058-2015, The Milli Gazette, 8 MAY 2015

www.milligazette.com/news/12330-aslamuddin-18-a-student-tortured-in-a-police-station-in-kerala

[accessed 17 May 2015]

CASE NARRATIVE - Mr. Aslamuddin is an 18-year-old student of Venmanad School in a town called Pavaratty in Kerala. On 5th April 2015 at about 11 a.m., Aslamuddin was riding his bike through the Chuku Bazaar Road along with his friends, Avinash and Jamshir. Having two or more pillion riders on a bike is an offence under the Motor Vehicles Act of India. The police stopped Aslamuddin for riding pillion on a bike with his two friends. The police officer who stopped Aslamuddin seized his license and asked him to report to Pavaratty police station along with his bike for payment of fine.

The next day, following the instruction, at about 11:30 a.m., Aslamuddin reported in the police station with the bike and along with his friend Avinash. While Avinash waited outside the Station building, Aslamuddin went inside the Police Station. Sub Inspector Mr. M.K. Ramesh asked Aslamuddin why he had come to the Station. Aslamuddin replied that he had come to collect his licence and pay the fine for riding pillion on a bike. The Sub Inspector, however, held Aslamuddin by his neck and pushed him into the Writer’s room inside the Police Station. The officer held Aslamuddin against the wall and elbowed him on his back. The officer elbowed Aslamuddin four times. Then the officer released his grip, and as Aslamuddin raised his head, the officer slapped Aslamuddin four to five times. Then the officer asked Aslamuddin to stand near the lock-up room entrance inside the Station.

At about 4 p.m., the police allowed Aslamuddin to call his family, to request them to come to the Police Station and take him on bail. But, before the family arrived, the police took Aslamuddin to Chavakkad Taluk Hospital. On the way to the hospital, the Sub Inspector threatened Aslamuddin, warning him that he should not mention the torture to the doctor.

However at the hospital, Aslamuddin informed the doctor in detail that he was tortured and how he was tortured at the Police Station. The Sub Inspector was not pleased with Aslamuddin’s conduct. At about 5 p.m., Aslamuddin was back at the Police Station and the officer immediately started slapping Aslamuddin for reporting torture to the doctor. In another 30-45 minutes, after the Sub Inspector had tortured Aslamuddin, the young man was finally allowed to go.

The next morning, Aslamuddin started coughing and spitting blood. Aslamuddin’s family, concerned about his health, admitted him in the Chavakkad Taluk Hospital. Aslamuddin received treatment for the next four days and was discharged from the hospital on the 10thApril 2015.

Cops ‘torture’ teen with cigarette butts

Nazar Abbas, Times of India, MORADABAD, 21 March 2015

timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Bareilly/Cops-torture-teen-with-cigarette-butts/articleshow/46647201.cms

[accessed 6 April 2015]

The two constables posted at Kathghar police station have allegedly detained an 18-year-old in police lock-up and tortured him by pressing cigarette butts on his body. He was allegedly made to suffer as he had refused to give them free cigarettes and gutka. The teen was booked for breach of peace.

Police Arrest, Torture 20 Christian Evangelists

Anto Akkara, World Watch Monitor, 5 March 2015

www.charismanews.com/world/48607-police-arrest-torture-20-christian-evangelists

[accessed 6 April 2015]

"When we reached the place we were staying, they started abusing us and called the police again," Raj said. "The police came and took us to the police station in two jeeps. They made us stretch out our palms and beat us severely with wooden lathis," sticks often carried by Indian police. "Those who pulled their hands back after the first beating came in for more beatings. Many of us have bruises and blood clots on our palms six days later."

Political parties decry inhuman torture of youth by Mahoba police

WebIndia123, Lucknow, 27 Jan 2015

news.webindia123.com/news/Articles/India/20150127/2530814.html

[accessed 28 March 2015]

Three policemen, including a sub-inspector, were suspended and a case lodged against them Tuesday for allegedly torturing a youth and injecting petrol in his private parts at a police outpost in Mahoba district’s City Kotwali police station.

The victim’s father, Daya Shankar Gupta, alleged that policemen had picked up his son — Dependra Gupta alias Vicky (26) — on January 22 and tortured him, forcing to return the money he had borrowed from his friend. The policemen also demanded money for his release, he added.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2015 - Events of 2014

Human Rights Watch, 29 January 2015

www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/... or download PDF at  www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/wr2015_web.pdf

[accessed 18 March 2015]

INDIA

IMPUNITY - Proposed police reforms have also languished even as police continue to commit human rights violations with impunity. These include arbitrary arrest and detention, torture, and extrajudicial killings. In several states, police are poorly trained and face huge caseloads.

No indictment despite city police facing repeated charges of custodial torture

Imran Gowhar, The Hindu, 25 August 2014

www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/no-indictment-despite-city-police-facing-repeated-charges-of-custodial-torture/article6347494.ece?homepage=true

[accessed 16 September 2014]

CASES IN 2013

JANUARY: The HSR Layout police detained Lokanath Bharathi, a software engineer, and allegedly tortured him for two days, following a complaint from his landlord

MARCH: Manjunath, a shopkeeper in K.G. Nagar, committed suicide after hewas detained and allegedly tortured by the police to extract information pertaining to a woman's murder near his shop

MAY: A jeweller was picked up by the Ashok Nagar police and allegedly tortured for two days suspecting that he had stolen a mobile phone of his customer

Teen tortured for ‘filming’ cops beating thief

Vijay V Singh, Times News Network (The Times of India) TNN, 8 Apr 2014

timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Teen-tortured-for-filming-cops-beating-thief/articleshow/33405059.cms

[accessed 9 April 2014]

Wajid said he was going to work at around 10.30am on March 31, when he saw a small crowd watching three plainclothes policemen beating up a handcuffed thief. Wajid said the cops felt he was trying to capture the action on his mobile, and assaulted him. Wajid said he told them he hadn't taken photos and requested them to check his mobile but they took him to Wadala Truck Terminal police station. In lock-up, Wajid claimed he was subjected to third-degree torture and fainted, but the torture continued as he regained consciousness. He said police also asked if he had any terror links. He was granted bail by the court on April 1.

Wajid, who suffered severe internal injuries to his private parts, was treated at the Sion Hospital OPD as he complained of being unable to pass urine, but had to be admitted after complications on April 6. His medical report said he sustained blunt trauma on his abdomen and chest, probably caused due to being beaten by belts and lathis. The report also said a tooth cleaning stick was inserted in his anus and he was unable to walk.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Aslamuddin, 18, a Student Tortured in a Police Station in Kerala

Asian Human Rights Commission - Urgent Appeals Programme, Urgent Appeal Case: AHRC-UAC-058-2015, The Milli Gazette, 8 MAY 2015

www.milligazette.com/news/12330-aslamuddin-18-a-student-tortured-in-a-police-station-in-kerala

[accessed 17 May 2015]

CASE NARRATIVE - Mr. Aslamuddin is an 18-year-old student of Venmanad School in a town called Pavaratty in Kerala. On 5th April 2015 at about 11 a.m., Aslamuddin was riding his bike through the Chuku Bazaar Road along with his friends, Avinash and Jamshir. Having two or more pillion riders on a bike is an offence under the Motor Vehicles Act of India. The police stopped Aslamuddin for riding pillion on a bike with his two friends. The police officer who stopped Aslamuddin seized his license and asked him to report to Pavaratty police station along with his bike for payment of fine.

The next day, following the instruction, at about 11:30 a.m., Aslamuddin reported in the police station with the bike and along with his friend Avinash. While Avinash waited outside the Station building, Aslamuddin went inside the Police Station. Sub Inspector Mr. M.K. Ramesh asked Aslamuddin why he had come to the Station. Aslamuddin replied that he had come to collect his licence and pay the fine for riding pillion on a bike. The Sub Inspector, however, held Aslamuddin by his neck and pushed him into the Writer’s room inside the Police Station. The officer held Aslamuddin against the wall and elbowed him on his back. The officer elbowed Aslamuddin four times. Then the officer released his grip, and as Aslamuddin raised his head, the officer slapped Aslamuddin four to five times. Then the officer asked Aslamuddin to stand near the lock-up room entrance inside the Station.

At about 4 p.m., the police allowed Aslamuddin to call his family, to request them to come to the Police Station and take him on bail. But, before the family arrived, the police took Aslamuddin to Chavakkad Taluk Hospital. On the way to the hospital, the Sub Inspector threatened Aslamuddin, warning him that he should not mention the torture to the doctor.

However at the hospital, Aslamuddin informed the doctor in detail that he was tortured and how he was tortured at the Police Station. The Sub Inspector was not pleased with Aslamuddin’s conduct. At about 5 p.m., Aslamuddin was back at the Police Station and the officer immediately started slapping Aslamuddin for reporting torture to the doctor. In another 30-45 minutes, after the Sub Inspector had tortured Aslamuddin, the young man was finally allowed to go.

The next morning, Aslamuddin started coughing and spitting blood. Aslamuddin’s family, concerned about his health, admitted him in the Chavakkad Taluk Hospital. Aslamuddin received treatment for the next four days and was discharged from the hospital on the 10thApril 2015.

School van staff accuses police of torture

Amritsar, Hindustan Times, 9 August 2014

www.hindustantimes.com/punjab/amritsar/school-van-staff-accuses-police-of-torture/article1-1250166.aspx

[accessed 10 August 2014]

www.hindustantimes.com/punjab/school-van-staff-accuses-police-of-torture/story-4pQE4qeQ7FoFyWwyTO1rDL.html

[accessed 27 July 2017]

In a complaint to the PHRO, van driver Harmesh Singh, helper Gurmeet Singh and another driver Gurinder Singh alleged, "As soon as the information came that the boy had been kidnapped, the police picked us and after initial questioning took us to Civil Lines. There we were tortured and subjected to electric shocks on private parts and ears. We were so badly beaten up that our legs got affected."

The three, claiming that they had nothing to do with the kidnapping, have demanded strict action against the policemen who tortured them. All three who are hospitalised underwent a medical examination after they approached the PHRO on Saturday.

Thane tribal boy dies of police 'torture'

Press Trust of India, Thane, 12 July 2014

www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/thane-tribal-boy-dies-of-police-torture-114071200818_1.html

[accessed 12 July 2014]

A 16-year-old tribal boy, who was allegedly tortured by some police personnel attached to a police station in Bhiwandi town in Thane district last month, died at a hospital today.   The victim, identified as Babu Thackeray, was allegedly beaten up by the constables, attached to Nizampura police station on the night of June 20.   He attempted suicide at his house in Mithpada locality the next day fearing that he would be subject to torture again, and his condition deteriorated since then.

The police let the boy go home only on the condition that he should report to the police station next morning at about 11 am for further probe, the FIR by his brother said.

2 Thane cops held for teen’s torture, victim still critical

Pradeep Gupta, Times News Network (The Times of India) TNN, BHIWANDI, 25 June 2014

timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Mumbai/2-Thane-cops-held-for-teens-torture-victim-still-critical/articleshow/37137940.cms

[accessed 24 June 2014]

The Thane crime branch on Tuesday arrested the two constables of the Nizampura police station who allegedly tortured a 16-year-old labourer to force him to confess to stealing one kg gold. The condition of the victim, who is in ICU, continues to be critical.

The victim's family has demanded maximum punishment for the accused, who had beaten him up, leading to his suicide attempt.

Minor critical after cop torture

Thane, The Asian Age, 23 June 2014

www.asianage.com/india/minor-critical-after-cop-torture-641

[accessed 23 June 2014]

On June 20, at about 11 am, he was taken away by two plainclothes policemen to Nizampura police station in Bhiwandi.

According to a complaint by the teenager’s elder brother Chandra Thackeray, his brother Babu Sunil Thackeray (16) had injuries all over his body and he said that he was mercilessly tortured in custody by policemen, after being accused of stealing 2 kg of gold.

The police let the boy go home on the condition that he should report to the police station next morning at about 11 am for further probe, the FIR by his brother said.

However, the boy tried to hang himself, but neighbours saved his life. He has been now been admitted to the Sainath Hospital at Bhiwandi and is reported to be critical.

Odisha activist seeks NHRC action on cops in custodial torture case

Odisha Sun Times Bureau, Bhubaneswar, 16 June 2014

odishasuntimes.com/63584/odisha-activist-seeks-nhrc-action-cops-custodial-torture-case/

[accessed 17 June 2014]

The petitioner has alleged that after arresting them, the police took the two accused to Talcher police station and beat them mercilessly before taking them to Kishan Nagar police station in the midnight in a Scorpio vehicle.

On reaching Kishan Nagar police station, the accused were soundly thrashed by th epolicemen on duty as well as some people who were waiting near the police station. To escape from the brutality of the police, both the accused persons consumed phenyl which was kept inside the lockup, Das has alleged.

The activist said when the police noticed them consuming phenyl, it rushed them to the hospital at Raghunathpur at midnight. After the condition of both deteriorated, the doctor there referred them to SCB Medical College and Hospital at Cuttack.

Torture on schoolboy in police custody -- Probe finds allegations true

Jhalakathi. The Daily Star, 25 April 2014

www.thedailystar.net/country/torture-on-schoolboy-in-police-custody-21546

[accessed 27 April 2014]

www.thedailystar.net/torture-on-schoolboy-in-police-custody-21546

[accessed 27 July 2017]

On March 28 and 29, Russel, 15, a SSC examinee of Rajapur Pilot High School was brutally tortured in the police custody and he was forced to marry a girl.

Later, Russel was produced before a mobile court, led by Executive Magistrate Mahabuba Aktar, which sentenced him to six months' imprisonment.

Teen tortured for ‘filming’ cops beating thief

Vijay V Singh, Times News Network (The Times of India) TNN, 8 Apr 2014

timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/Teen-tortured-for-filming-cops-beating-thief/articleshow/33405059.cms

[accessed 9 April 2014]

Wajid said he was going to work at around 10.30am on March 31, when he saw a small crowd watching three plainclothes policemen beating up a handcuffed thief. Wajid said the cops felt he was trying to capture the action on his mobile, and assaulted him. Wajid said he told them he hadn't taken photos and requested them to check his mobile but they took him to Wadala Truck Terminal police station. In lock-up, Wajid claimed he was subjected to third-degree torture and fainted, but the torture continued as he regained consciousness. He said police also asked if he had any terror links. He was granted bail by the court on April 1.

Wajid, who suffered severe internal injuries to his private parts, was treated at the Sion Hospital OPD as he complained of being unable to pass urine, but had to be admitted after complications on April 6. His medical report said he sustained blunt trauma on his abdomen and chest, probably caused due to being beaten by belts and lathis. The report also said a tooth cleaning stick was inserted in his anus and he was unable to walk.

Villagers allege ‘torture’ by AR in Manipur

Nagaland Post, Imphal, 16 March 2014

e-pao.net/epSubPageExtractor.asp?src=news_section.News_Links.News_Links_2014.Villagers_allege_torture_by_AR_in_Manipur_20140317

[accessed 17 March 2014]

Six villagers allegedly picked up by the Assam Rifles troops in a follow up action to PLA’s March 11 deadly ambush were released after subjected to torture. Security force has also reportedly prevented two severely wounded villagers from being hospitalized, a report received here said Sunday.

The report of alleged tortured of six villagers was reported days after a team of representatives of civil organizations led by Chandel Naga Peoples Organisation.

Prez award for cop facing torture trial

Deccan Chronicle, 15 Nov 2013

www.deccanchronicle.com/131115/news-current-affairs/article/prez-award-cop-facing-torture-trial

[accessed 16 Nov 2013]

It all started with Sunish, a CPM sympathizer, and friends at Malayinkeezhu blocking SI B Vinod as he tried to leave after his vehicle knocked down two bikers on August 19, 2001. Four days later Vinod and party allegedly assaulted Sunish. He was injured in the left eye, was in hospital for 32 days, out of which 28 days in remand.

Between this incident and another brutal attack on December 26, 2009, when his ribs were broken in custody, Sunish has been on the run, threatened, intimidated, set up in cases at different police stations and even mugged.

Sunish would still be a dubious character, as made out by the police, had it not been for a lady magistrate, who saw his plight and ordered that the police officers, who sought his remand, be booked for torture in 2009.

Torture in police custody: Youth gets Rs 50,000 compensation

A Subramani, Times News Network (The Times of India) TNN, Chennai, 21 Sept 2013

articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-09-21/chennai/42272396_1_police-custody-police-excesses-eight-police-personnel

[accessed 21 Sept 2013]

timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Torture-in-police-custody-Youth-gets-Rs-50000-compensation/articleshow/22849146.cms

[accessed 27 July 2017]

G Barathi had moved the high court saying a group of about eight police personnel barged into her house and picked up her son Arun in the middle of the night on June 16, 2012. According to her, he was kept in illegal confinement in the three police stations, apparently in connection with an unsolved theft case. By the time she came to know about his whereabouts, he had been lodged in the Saidapet sub-jail. She found injury and burn marks all over his body. On inquiry, her son gave her graphic description of how police hung him by a rope and beat him with lathi and rods, and subjected to other forms of third degree torture.

When the matter first came up for admission, Justice K Chandru had summoned the youth to the court and then ordered medical treatment. He also asked the principal district judge of Tiruvallur district judge to hold an inquiry and file a report. Medical report as well as the judicial inquest confirmed torture by police while Arun was in custody.

For 'torture to extract a confession', 3 cops face arrest

Santosh Singh, The Indian Express, Patna, 21 March 2013

www.indianexpress.com/news/for-torture-to-extract-a-confession-3-cops-face-arrest/1090989/

[accessed 21 March 2013]

On the night of September 7, Rustum said, he was called again to the police station where all three officers were present. They allegedly wanted him to become a witness in a case involving the murder of Vishwanath Gupta, a fruit seller. The alleged torture began when he refused.

He alleged they inserted a funnel in the rectal opening and poured petrol through it. "After the inhuman act, Rustum became unconscious," reads the court order. "When he regained his senses, the same act was repeated by the three cops. The police officers threatened to kill him again."

On September 8, police took him to a magistrate to record his statement about his supposed involvement in the murder. The next day, when he narrated his story, the court ordered immediate treatment and asked a team of doctors for an injury report. The report found pilonidal sinus, a condition that can be caused by an injury, or a latent problem that may be precipitated by injury. In the gluteal region (around the buttocks) are bullous eruptions, which can be caused by exposure to corrosive chemicals such as petrol. Rustum remains on medication.

Man alleges torture by police, probe ordered

The Indian Express, New Delhi, 18 Jan 2013

www.indianexpress.com/news/man-alleges-torture-by-police-probe-ordered/1061006/1

[accessed 18 January 2013]

In his letter, Singh claimed that he was called to the police station at 5 pm on January 14, and asked to sign on papers he wasn’t allowed to read. Later, he was taken to another room where he was made to “lie down naked and tortured”. All the while, he claimed police personnel kept trying to extract a confession from him.

IAC volunteer alleges police torture

The Hindu, Bangalore, January 15, 2013

www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/iac-volunteer-alleges-police-torture/article4307771.ece

[accessed 16 January 2013]

THREATENING COOK - The police version is that Loknath Bharti (25), who was staying in a paying guest accommodation on Sarjapur Road, was picked up by the H.S.R. Layout police following a complaint by Ravinder Aneja, the owner of the PG accommodation. Mr. Aneja had alleged that Mr. Bharti threatened the cook at the PG accommodation with a knife during a quarrel.

The police on Saturday picked up Mr. Bharti and took him to the station where they allegedly beat him up. They later booked him for criminal intimidation and produced him before a magistrate at his house who remanded him in judicial custody on Saturday.

The state of the world's human rights

Amnesty International AI, Annual Report 2013

www.amnesty.org/en/region/india/report-2013

[accessed 2 March 2014]

BACKGROUND

Universal Periodic Review in May; the state did not accept recommendations to facilitate a visit by the UN Special Rapporteur on torture and by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, or to hold its security forces to account for human rights violations. Parliament amended the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act on financing terrorism but failed to bring it in line with international human rights standards.

IMPUNITY

Impunity for human rights violations remained pervasive, with no repeal of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act or the Disturbed Areas Act. Both Acts grant excessive powers to security forces in specified areas, and provide them with de facto impunity for alleged crimes. Protests against these laws were held in Jammu and Kashmir and the north-east, with concerns expressed by the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions during his visit to India in March, and by the UN Human Rights Council in September. Suspected perpetrators of enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions in Assam (in 1998 and 2001), Manipur, Nagaland, Punjab (during 1984-1994) and other states, remained at large.

In January, the Supreme Court ordered new investigations into 22 alleged extrajudicial executions in Gujarat, mostly of Muslim youth, during 2003-2006.

In April, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) closed its inquiry into alleged unlawful killings and mass cremations by police during the Punjab conflict, without recommending criminal investigations. It awarded 279.4 million Indian rupees (US$5.78 million) in compensation to the families of 1,513 of the 2,097 dead. The findings of a Central Bureau of Investigation probe into the killings remained unpublished.

During 2007-2012, the NHRC distributed cash compensation to the families of 191 out of 1,671 people killed in the country, after determining they had been extrajudicially executed. Criminal investigations into the majority of such killings failed to make serious progress.

JAMMU AND KASHMIR

Widespread impunity prevailed for violations of international law in Kashmir, including unlawful killings, extrajudicial executions, torture and the enforced disappearance of thousands of people since 1989. The majority of cases of more than 100 youths shot dead by the police and other security forces during protests in the summer of 2010 were not fully investigated.

In December, a report by two Srinagar-based human rights organizations on 214 cases of enforced disappearance, torture, extrajudicial executions and other violations since 1989, alleged that the authorities were unwilling to investigate serious charges against 470 security personnel and 30 state-sponsored militia members.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61707.htm

[accessed 16 January 2013]

TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT – The law prohibits torture and generally did not allow for confessions extracted by force to be admissible in court; however, authorities often used torture during interrogations to extort money and as summary punishment.

The ACHR alleged that deaths in custody were a severe problem and that police regularly used torture. Because many alleged torture victims died in custody, and other victims were afraid to speak out, there were few firsthand accounts. Marks of torture, however, were often found on the bodies of deceased detainees. The prevalence of torture by police in detention facilities throughout the country was reflected in the number of deaths in police custody (see section 1.a.). Police and jailers typically assaulted new prisoners for money and personal articles. In addition, police commonly tortured detainees during custodial interrogation. Although police officers were subject to prosecution for such offenses, the government often failed to hold them accountable. According to Amnesty International (AI), torture usually took place during criminal investigations and following unlawful and arbitrary arrests.

In February the Jalandhar district police tortured and killed a dalit youth when he refused to confess to theft. In May in Tamil Nadu, police arrested Mariappan, a person belonging to a lower caste, for stealing valuables from the house where he was employed. Mariappan told media that police inflicted serious injuries on him while he was in their custody.

Freedom House Country Report - Political Rights: 2   Civil Liberties: 3   Status: Free

2009 Edition

www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2009/india

[accessed 16 January 2013]

Police often torture or abuse suspects to extract confessions or bribes. Custodial rape of female detainees continues to be a problem, as does routine abuse of ordinary prisoners, particularly minorities and members of the lower castes. The Asian Centre for Human Rights reported in 2008 that 7,468 people have died in custody over the past five years, nearly all as a result of torture. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), created in 1993, is headed by a retired Supreme Court judge and handles roughly 80,000 complaints each year. However, while it monitors abuses, initiates investigations, makes independent assessments, and conducts training sessions for the police and others, its recommendations are often not implemented and it has few enforcement powers. The commission also lacks jurisdiction over the armed forces, which severely hampers its effectiveness.

Security forces continue to be implicated in disappearances, extrajudicial killings, rape, torture, arbitrary detention, and destruction of homes, especially in the context of ongoing insurgencies in Kashmir, the tribal belt, and several northeastern states.

Human Rights Overview

Human Rights Watch

www.hrw.org/asia/india

[accessed 16 January 2013]

The Indian government failed to hold rights violators accountable or to carry out effective policies to protect vulnerable communities. The government is yet to repeal the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, allowing soldiers to operate with impunity. It has not reformed the police despite allegations of torture and unlawful killings. The government adopted measures to compensate rape victims and no longer endorses the humiliating “finger” test to investigate rape cases. “Honor killings,” dowry deaths, and sexual violence remain problems. Internationally, India let opportunities pass to support independent investigations into human rights abuses abroad during its tenure at the UN Security Council and the Human Rights Council.

Police Abuse And Killings Of Street Children In India

Human Rights Watch Children's Rights Project, November 1996

www.hrw.org/legacy/reports/1996/India4.htm

[accessed 24 May 2011]

Indian street children are routinely detained illegally, beaten and tortured and sometimes killed by police. Several factors contribute to this phenomenon: police perceptions of street children, widespread corruption and a culture of police violence, the inadequacy and non-implementation of legal safeguards, and the level of impunity that law enforcement officials enjoy.

U.S. Library of Congress - Country Study

Library of Congress Call Number DS407 .I4465 1996

www.loc.gov/collections/country-studies/?q=DS407+.I4465

[accessed 27 July 2017]

CIVIL LIBERTIES, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND THE ARMED FORCES – During the 1980s and 1990s, both international and domestic human rights groups asserted that human rights violations are rampant. The principal international organizations making these allegations are the International Commission of Jurists, Amnesty International, and Asia Watch. Two Indian counterparts are the People's Union for Civil Liberties and the People's United Democratic Front. Indian and foreign press reports have alleged that local police and paramilitary forces have engaged in rape, torture, and beatings of suspects in police custody. Numerous "militants" reportedly have simply disappeared in Jammu and Kashmir. On other occasions, especially in Punjab, security forces on various occasions allegedly captured insurgents and then shot them in staged "encounters" or "escapes." The government has either vigorously challenged these allegations or asserted that condign punishment had been meted out against offenders. The government has made efforts to blunt the barrage of domestic and foreign criticism. One such effort was the establishment of the five-member National Human Rights Commission in 1993 composed of senior retired judges.

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Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Torture by Police, Forced Disappearance & Other Ill Treatment in the early years of the 21st Century- India", http://gvnet.com/torture/India.htm, [accessed <date>]

 

 

Human Trafficking in  [India]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [India]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [India]  [other countries]
Torture in  [India]  [other countries]