Main Menu
Human Trafficking

Prevalence, Abuse & Exploitation of Street Children

In the first decade of the 21st Century                                     

Antigua & Barbuda

Like other countries in the region, Antigua's economy was severely hit by effects of the global economic recession in 2009. The country suffered from the collapse of its largest private sector employer, a steep decline in tourism, a rise in debt, and a sharp economic contraction between 2009 and 2011. Antigua has not yet returned to its pre-crisis growth levels. Barbuda suffered significant damages after hurricanes Irma and Maria passed through the Caribbean in 2017  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2021]

Description: Antigua&Barbuda

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Antigua & Barbuda.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.




If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspect(s) of street life are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got there, how they survive, and how some manage to leave the street.  Perhaps your paper could focus on how some street children abuse the public and how they are abused by the public … and how they abuse each other.  Would you like to write about market children? homeless children?  Sexual and labor exploitation? begging? violence? addiction? hunger? neglect? etc.  There is a lot to the subject of Street Children.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

Human Rights Reports » 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, February 25, 2009

[accessed 17 March 2020]

CHILDREN - While the government repeatedly expressed its commitment to children's rights, in practice its efforts to protect those rights were limited. Schools faced many shortages, and parents typically provided desks, chairs, and uniforms, and often purchased books.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 3 November 2004

[accessed 24 February 2011]

57. The Committee welcomes the decision by the Board of Education to award scholarships and bursaries to children and the Board’s Textbook Assistance Scheme, which provides children, free of cost, with all the textbooks used in school at the primary and secondary levels. It welcomes the provision of free uniforms as of September 2004 in both primary and secondary schools, and the plan to introduce free meals in primary schools. It also notes with appreciation that education is free at all levels of the public school system until the age of 16. However, it remains concerned about a variety of problems, including: shortage of schools and overcrowding; material shortages in schools; equality of access to education; drop-out of boys. The Committee is also concerned that, owing to the entrance examination system, not all students are guaranteed entry into the free public secondary schools.

60. The Committee notes with appreciation the State party’s ratification in September 2002 of the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182). The Committee expresses concern, however, about the atmosphere of complacency, which may reduce efforts to prevent and eliminate child labour

Committee On Rights Of Child Concludes Thirty-Seventh Session

Press Release HR/4796, UN Information Service, Geneva, 1 October 2004

[accessed 7 Aug  2013]

And with regards to the report of Antigua and Barbuda, the Committee welcomed the information that the State party had raised the age of majority from 16 to 18 and the establishment of the National Committee on the Rights of the Child in 2000 to facilitate the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.  The Committee, aware of the economic difficulties facing the State party, was nevertheless concerned at the lack of sufficient budget allocation for children and the implementation of their rights.  It was concerned that corporal punishment was still widely practised in the family, in schools and in other institutions and recommended that the State party consider immediate repeal of, or amendment to, the Corporal Punishment Act and the Education Act.

The Committee was seriously concerned that no safe houses or places of alternative care existed for boys who suffered from parental neglect or who needed to be removed from their family environment, and that they were generally placed in the facility for boys in conflict with the law.  It was further concerned that there were no officially designated places of safety for children victims of abuse, where they could stay until their cases were heard by a magistrate and that in practice, children were usually held at the police station, which raised serious alarm.  The Committee therefore recommended that the State party take the necessary measures to prevent child abuse and neglect.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Street Children – Antigua & Barbuda", Antigua&Barbuda.htm, [accessed <date>]