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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Yemen

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Yemen in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



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*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Yemen

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 11 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - a low-income country struggling to stabilize its economy in the face of armed conflict, a severe humanitarian crisis, declining water resources, and food scarcity; will require significant international assistance.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,500 (2017 est.)

GDP – composition by sector of origin

agriculture: 20.3% (2017 est.)

industry: 11.8% (2017 est.)

services: 67.9% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 27% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: 54% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 164 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 41.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.9 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 92% of population

Physicians density: 0.53 physicians/1,000 population (2014)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 64.6% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 47% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Yemen

[accessed 7 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Complications For Yemen’s Humanitarian Crisis

~ Improving Mental Health In Yemen

~ United States-Based Nonprofits Helping Yemen

~ Entrepreneurship: Initiatives Help Yemeni Women

~ “Every Last Child” Campaign — The Basic Facts

~ Solar Microgrids Are Empowering Rural Yemen

~ Save The Children’s Work In Yemen

~ US Involvement And Poverty Eradication In Yemen

Hunger Hotspots - FAO-WFP early warnings on acute food insecurity - March to July 2021 outlook

Food and Agriculture Org of the UN FAO, World Food Program WFP, 2021

[accessed 30 May 2021]

COUNTRIES WITH CATASTROPHIC SITUATIONS: FAMINE-LIKE CONDITIONS OR FACTORS LEADING TO A RISK OF FAMINE -- In Al Jawf, Amran and Hajjah governorates of Yemen, urgent action is needed to avoid further deterioration and destitution. The number of people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) is estimated to triple by June 2021, increasing from the 16 000 identified in the October–December IPC analysis to more than 47 000. The risk of even more people facing famine-like conditions in Yemen is increasing as populations are already highly vulnerable, malnutrition is severe, displacement is rising, and the economic conditions are further deteriorating also because of the severe fuel crisis. Overall, the number of people expected to face high levels of acute food insecurity is projected to increase by nearly 3 million, reaching a total of 16.2 million people (or 54 percent of the analyzed population), including an increase to 5 million in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). Food insecurity is particularly concerning in areas with fighting and with limited humanitarian access, and is particularly affecting internally displaced people (IDPs) and marginalized groups.

Starving Children Don’t Cry

Nicholas Kristof, Opinion Columnist, New York Times, 2 January 2021

[Long URL]

[accessed 2 January 2021]

Starvation is agonizing and degrading. You lose control of your bowels. Your skin peels off, your hair falls out, you hallucinate and you may go blind from lack of vitamin A. While you waste away, your body cannibalizes itself: It consumes its own muscles, even the heart.

Yet Abdo Sayid, a 4-year-old boy so emaciated he weighed just 14 pounds, wasn’t crying when he was brought to a hospital recently in Aden, Yemen. That’s because children who are starving don’t cry or even frown. Instead, they are eerily calm; they appear apathetic, often expressionless. A body that is starving doesn’t waste energy on tears. It directs every calorie to keep the major organs functioning.

The capital of human suffering today is arguably Yemen, which the United Nations calls the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. As we celebrate the new year, Yemeni children like Abdo are dying of hunger.

Yemen’s suffering is complicated. Always poor, the country has been shattered by a war and blockade by Saudi Arabia, with backing from the United States under both the Obama and Trump administrations. (Obama officials have acknowledged, not as candidly as they should, that this was a mistake.) Misrule by the Houthi faction, backed by Iran, has compounded the suffering, as have both cholera and the coronavirus — and donor countries are focused on their own problems and averting their eyes.

Action Against Hunger - Yemen

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Nearly 24 million Yemenis needed humanitarian assistance, 27% more than last year. Hunger levels are growing: 238,000 people are facing famine conditions. Around 7.4 million people need treatment for malnutrition, of which, two million are children under five years old. With regards to water, sanitation and hygiene, 17.8 million people do not have access to the necessary facilities, and 19.7 million people lack access to adequate health care. A massive cholera epidemic has also affected the country, and large numbers of people have been internally displaced. 

Devastating battles in the west of Yemenhave resulted in a deterioration of the food supply. The city of Hodeida remains under seige. Access to resources, people and operational capacity for humanitarian intervention is increasingly difficult.

The World Bank in Yemen

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Yemen has been embroiled in conflict since early 2015. For years the poorest country in MENA, it is now also suffering the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. Fighting has devastated its economy—leading to food insecurity verging on famine—and destroyed critical infrastructure.

State of children in Yemen deteriorates, Children’s Parliament

Category - Poverty

Ashwaq Arrabyee, The Yemen Observer, Culture & Society,  Feb 3, 2009

[accessed 17 January 2011]

CHILD TRAFFICKING - The report addresses the important issue of child trafficking in Yemen, where children are exposed to many dangers and serious harm as they are sold to people in Saudi Arabia   Poverty, the absence of basic services such as education and health, lack of awareness concerning the risks of child trafficking and family dissolution have been identified as the main reason for the spread of trafficking, the report says.   The Children’s Parliament has called on the government to improve the situation of children in Yemen, to implement severe punishments for smugglers, and to conduct awareness campaigns concerning the dangers of this problem

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 January 2021]

When Yemen aligned with Iraq during the Gulf War, Sa'udi Arabia and the Gulf states, Yemen's main aid donors and hosts to large numbers of Yemeni workers and their families, ended the Yemenis' privileged status. The economic impact of lost remittances was estimated at about $1 billion per year. After the Gulf crisis, Yemen was confronted with high unemployment, lost remittances, halving of US military aid, a sharp cutback in USAID programs, other canceled foreign assistance, and the cost of food imports and social services for the returnees totaling about $500 million.

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