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Poverty & Hunger


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Uganda

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Uganda in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Uganda

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 11 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - plagued by poor management, corruption, and failure to invest adequately in health, education, and economic opportunities for a growing young population; agriculture employs 72% of the work force; key exports include coffee (16%) and gold (10%)

GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,400 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 71%

industry: 7%

services: 22% (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate: 9.4% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: 21.4% (2017 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 375 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 32.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.2 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 80.8% of population

Physicians density: 0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 36.2% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 20% (2017)

The Borgen Project - Uganda

[accessed 7 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

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Farmers get trees to improve soil fertility

Philip Wafula, Daily Monitor, 11 April 2021

[accessed 11 April 2021]

At least 13,000 farmers in districts of Kamuli, Iganga, Jinja and Bugweri have each received 30 trees to curb climate change, improve soil fertility and for future income in terms of firewood and timber.

The trees were distributed at Nalango Village, Namwendwa Sub-county by One Acre Fund (OAF), a non-profit agricultural organisation that supplies smallholder farmers with the financing and training they need to grow their way out of hunger and poverty.

Action Against Hunger - Uganda

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Uganda, with its progressive open door policy on refugees, continued to receive refugees in 2019: UNHCR estimates 190,000 new arrivals came from the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, and other countries. In total, Uganda hosts more than 1.3 million refugees.

The large numbers of displaced people has put immense pressure on humanitarian operations amidst reduced funding. The refugee response has shifted to meet longer-term needs, specifically livelihood- and resilience-focused interventions. Still, basic immediate needs, such as water, sanitation, hygiene, and health services remain rampant in both settlements and host communities.

The World Bank in Uganda

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Uganda’s economy has grown at a slower pace, reducing its impact on poverty. In the five years to 2016, average annual growth was 4.5%, compared to 7% in years before.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 January 2021]

Uganda's economy is agriculture based, with agriculture employing over 80% of the population and generating 90% of export earnings. Coffee is the main export crop, with tea and cotton other agricultural products.

The economy has posted growth rates in the GDP averaging 6.9% from 1988–98, and 6% from 1998–2003. Consequently, the economy has almost doubled. Still, Uganda is one of the poorest countries in the world heavily dependent on foreign aid.

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