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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Tonga

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Tonga in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Tonga

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 11 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - a small, open island economy having a narrow export base in agricultural goods; remains dependent on external aid and remittances from overseas Tongans to offset its trade deficit

GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,900 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 2% (2006 est.)

industry: 27.5% (2006 est.)

services: 2% (2006 est.)

Unemployment rate: 1.1% (2011 est.)

Population below poverty line: 22.5% (2010 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 52 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 10.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 0.54 physicians/1,000 population (2013)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 94.5% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 97% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Tonga

[accessed 16 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Child Poverty In Tonga

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Tonga

~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Tonga

~ 8 Facts About Education In Tonga

~ Top Five Reasons For School Dropouts In Tonga

~ Girls’ Education In Tonga


Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 January 2021]

The economy is largely agricultural and still contains a substantial non-monetary sector. The principal cash crops are squash, fish, copra and coconut products, vanilla bean extract and bananas. One third to one half of export earnings come from the sale of squash to Japan, though the main source of foreign exchange is tourism.

As of 2002, it is estimated that there are more expatriates (over 102,000) than current citizens.

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