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Poverty & Hunger

Kingdom of Swaziland


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Swaziland

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Eswatini in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – Eswatini (Swaziland)

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 17 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 10 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - depends on South Africa for a majority of its exports and imports; currency pegged to the South African rand; world’s highest HIV prevalence rate, a financial strain and source of economic instability.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $10,100 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 10.7%

industry: 30.4%

services: 58.9% (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate: 28% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: 63% (2010 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 437 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 42.8 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 58.6 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 78.3% of population

Physicians density: 0.33 physicians/1,000 population (2016)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 85% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 65.8% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Eswatini (Swazilaand)

[accessed 11 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Fighting Poverty In Eswatini

~ Homelessness In Eswatini

~ Hunger In Eswatini Remains Severe

~ 8 Facts About The Fight Against Hiv In Eswatini

~ Improving Healthcare In Swaziland

~ Improving Access To Electricity In Eswatini

~ Girls’ Education In Swaziland

~ Top 10 Facts About Hunger In Swaziland

~ Top 5 Facts About Living Conditions In Swaziland

~ Bettering Citizens’ Lives With Infrastructure In Swaziland

The World Bank in Eswatini

[accessed 18 April 2021]

The World Bank provides support to the government in three key areas: fighting HIV/AIDS, improving governance, and increasing competitiveness.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 10 January 2021]

The majority supports itself through subsistence agriculture on rural homesteads. A relatively diversified industrial sector accounts for the largest component of the formal economy at 43% of GDP in 1999. Because of its small size, Swaziland relies heavily on the export sector, composed primarily of large firms with predominantly foreign ownership.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Eswatini",, [accessed <date>]