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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Poland

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Poland in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


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*** Extreme Weather ***

Poland is vulnerable to climate change impacts, including an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and hurricanes. Sea level rise, rising temperatures, and changes in precipitation patterns also pose significant challenges for Poland’s agriculture, health, forestry, and biodiversity. Since the mid-1900s, Poland’s average temperature has risen by approximately 0.29 degrees per decade – an increase of 2°C  adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Poland

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 7 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - sixth-largest economy in the EU and has long had a reputation as a business-friendly country with largely sound macroeconomic policies

GDP - per capita (PPP): $29,600 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 11.5%

industry: 30.4%

services: 57.6% (2015 est.)

Unemployment rate: 4.9% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 17.6% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 99.8% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Poland

[accessed 1 March 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Rise Of Minimum Wage And Automation In Poland

~ Tackling Child Poverty In Poland

~ Fighting For Women’s Rights In Poland

~ 5 Facts About Hunger In Poland

~ An Overview Of Healthcare In Poland

~ The State Of Poverty In Poland

~ 7 Facts About Poland’s Rising Homeless Population

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Poland

~ Top 10 Facts About Poverty In Poland

The World Bank in Poland

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The World Bank Group supports Poland through investment projects and policy advice to help the country respond to key development challenges, including management of one of the fastest aging societies in Europe.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 7 January 2021]

Until recently, Poland had a centrally planned economy that was primarily state controlled. Agriculture, however, was only partly socialized, with state farms and cooperatives accounting for 23% of the country's total farmland in 1984.

With Poland subjected to the "shock therapy" of a transition to a market economy, GDP fell 31.5% between 1990–92 and consumer prices shot up almost sixfold. However, the economy did not stay down long as Poland's economy became one of the most robust in Eastern and Central Europe thanks to the government's tight fiscal and monetary policies.

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