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Poverty & Hunger

Independent State of

Papua New Guinea

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: PapuaNewGuinea

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Papua New Guinea in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Papua New Guinea is home to one of the wettest climates globally, with annual rainfall exceeding 2,500 mm in many areas. It is prone to various natural disasters including cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions. Coastal regions, islands, and low-lying atolls are particularly vulnerable to extreme weather events, storm surges, sea-level rise, and coastal inundation. The country ranks #51 on the Global Climate Risk Index 2021, indicating high vulnerability to climate-related disasters and impacts.adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – Papua New Guinea

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to ---> New Grinea/

[accessed 7 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure; agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the people

GDP - per capita (PPP): $3,700 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 85%

industry: N/A

services: N/A

Unemployment rate: 2.5% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 37% (2002 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 145 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 33.2 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 67.8 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 43% of population

Physicians density: 0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 15.2% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 22.9% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Papua New Guinea

[accessed 28 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Facts About Hunger In Papua New Guinea


~ Poverty In Papua New Guinea

~ Clean Water In Papua New Guinea

~ Efforts To Improve Life Expectancy In Papua New Guinea

PNG: the hungry country

Manoj K. Pandey & Stephen Howes, 20 May 2021

[accessed 20 May 2021]

For a long time, however, the data has suggested that in fact hunger is widespread in PNG. As John Gibson worked out, the 1996 PNG Household Survey showed that “In both the urban and rural sectors, approximately 42 percent of the population are not meeting food energy requirements of 2000 calories per person per day”. The 2009 Household Income and Expenditure Survey produced similar results, as did a more recent survey of four lowland provinces.


The World Bank in Papua New Guinea

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Papua New Guinea is undergoing economic and social transformation. It is one of the most diverse countries in the world; home to eight million people and more than 800 different languages spoken among a population divided into more than 10,000 ethnic clans across 600 islands.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 7 January 2021]

Economic activity is concentrated in two sectors, agriculture and mining. The subsistence sector, which occupies more than two thirds of the working population, produces livestock, fruit, and vegetables for local consumption; agricultural products for export include copra, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, and tea.

Economic growth, which averaged 3.7% in the late 1980s, rose to 9% in 1991, 11.8% in 1992, and 16.6% in 1993. The growth was driven by a mineral and petroleum boom centered in the Highlands region.

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