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Poverty & Hunger

New Zealand

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: NewZealand

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in New Zealand in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

New Zealand’s land areas have warmed by 1.1°C between 1910 and 2020. As the globe heats, Aotearoa New Zealand becomes a land divided by weather extremes with Rain battering the west and south, leading to floods, and high temperatures bringing droughts and fires to the east and north.

The UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts more extreme weather events including droughts in the eastern part of the country as well as increased flooding due to more frequent and intense winter rainfalls. Coastal areas will be at risk due to rising sea levels.adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook – New Zealand

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - over the past 40 years, the government has transformed New Zealand from an agrarian economy, dependent on concessionary British market access, to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally

GDP - per capita (PPP): $39,000 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 6.6%

industry: 20.7%

services: 72.7% (2017 est.)

Unemployment rate: 4.7% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: N/A

Maternal mortality rate: 9 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.1 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 3.47 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project – New Zealand

[accessed 23 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Updates On SDG 1 In New Zealand

~ Elderly Poverty In New Zealand

~ The Fight Against Poverty In New Zealand

~ 7 Facts About Healthcare In Tokelau

~ 10 Facts About Healthcare In New Zealand

~ 10 Facts About Homelessness In New Zealand

Poverty As A Social Policy Domain: The Intersections Between Income Inequality, Housing And Health In New Zealand

January 13, 2021  in New Zealand / Policy Analysis by Sophie Simons

[Long URL]

[accessed 14 January 2021]

The “inability to obtain decent, affordable housing is one of the major barriers to an adequate standard of living” in New Zealand, according to the Human Rights Commission. Lower-income households should have equitable access to healthcare resources, as there are direct links particularly between the health of children and elderly populations and their quality of housing. As those in lower-income households experience significant financial strain, many are forced to live in poor housing that does not comply to industry standards.

The Realities Of New Zealand’s Child Poverty Problem

February 12, 2018  in New Zealand / Oceania by Ashika Manu

[accessed 14 January 2021]

According to Child Poverty Monitor’s 2017 Technical Report, around 290,000 New Zealand children (27% the nation’s total child population) currently live below the country’s income poverty line (60% or lower of the “contemporary median income after housing costs”). Many kids may not necessarily lack the essential needs for life but will suffer from having fewer resources than their peers, including a lack of better education, a lack of access to health services, overcrowded housing, love and positive social contact, material hardship, social exclusion, discrimination and high unemployment.

Additionally, an estimated 7% of New Zealand children currently live in severe impecuniousness – both below the income poverty line and with significant material hardship. These kids tend to lack adequate food and balanced diets, warm clothing and footwear, a dry house, healthcare and immunisation services and suffer from greater infant mortality rates.

New Zealand children can also become caught in a cycle of destitution that will predominantly form in lower socioeconomic classes. Those living in single-parent households also experience bigger levels of income poverty, as do those residing in households supported by a government benefit. Child Poverty Monitor found that despite the low sample sizes available, low earning percentages were higher for Maori (28%) and Pacific (26%) kids than for European/Pākehā (14%) ones.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 8 December 2020]

New Zealand's economy has traditionally been based on pastoral farming. The last decades, however, have seen the beginnings of heavy industry, and there has been a large expansion in light industries such as plastics, textiles, and footwear, mostly to supply the home market. In recent years there has been a trend toward the development of resource-based industries, and the forest industry has greatly expanded. Pulp, log, and paper products are now a major earner of overseas exchange. As of 1995, 10% of the work force was employed in agriculture, hunting, forestry, and fishing; 25% in industry; and 65% in services.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty – New Zealand",, [accessed <date>]