Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

Republic of


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Namibia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Namibia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Namibia’s climate is characterized by persistent droughts, unpredictable and varying rainfall patterns, substantial temperature fluctuations, and limited water resources. There are extreme temperature variations with daytime high temperatures rising to around 30°C (86°F) in January and to approximately 20°C (68°F) in July.

The country’s rainfall is highly variable and often erratic. Some regions receive minimal precipitation, while others may experience heavy downpours during specific seasons. The unpredictability of rainfall poses challenges for farming and water management. Prolonged periods of drought significantly impact water availability and agricultural activities. Dry spells can last for months or even years. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Namibia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 4 January 2021]

ECONOMIC OVERVIEW - heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export; mining accounts for about 12.5% of GDP, but provides more than 50% of foreign exchange earnings; one of the world’s largest producers of uranium

GDP - per capita (PPP): $11,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 31%

industry: 14%

services: 54% (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate: 34% (2016 est.)

Population below poverty line: 28.7% (2010 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 195 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 31.4 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 89.7% of population

Physicians density: 0.59 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 46.9% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 51.8% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Namibia

[accessed 22 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ The Current Situation Of Healthcare In Namibia

~ Homelessness In Namibia

~ Inequality And Poverty In Namibia

~ Hunger In Namibia: What You Need To Know

~ 10 Facts About Sanitation In Namibia

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Namibia

~ Electricity Coverage Rising In Africa

~ Sustainable Agriculture In Namibia Needs Improvement

Geingob wants to copy China's poverty reduction strategies

Sakeus Iikela, The Namibian, 9 July 2021

[accessed 9 July 2021]

Although Geingob claimed that poverty and hunger have been significantly reduced in Namibia from 70% in 1990 to the latest estimation of 18%, he said his administration still has a lot to learn from the successful policies and strategies of the Chinese party, “our sister party”.

This is because Namibia is still affected by a legacy of economic exclusion, which has seen Namibia become one of the most unequal societies in the world.

Despite claims of significant poverty reduction in Namibia, the country has been wallowing under various socio-economic challenges such as the high rate of youth unemployment estimated at 43%, largely attributed to the stagnant economy that is highly dependent on imports.

Eliminate hunger in Namibia

Marthina Mutanga, Informante

[accessed 31 May 2021]

Food insecurity in Namibia is less a problem of availability and more a question of access and utilization. Although being a structurally food-deficit country, Namibia is still able to ensure the availability of food at a national level through imports and local production.

High dependence on food imports, therefore, makes the country susceptible to high food prices, a situation that further compromises the ability of poor and most vulnerable households to access adequate food that is available in the country.

The issue of food and nutrition insecurity in Namibia is a major factor that leads to poverty, compounded by unequal incomes, recurrent natural hazards where cyclical drought and floods severely affect people’s livelihoods.

The World Bank in Namibia

[accessed 21 April 2021]

The World Bank’s priorities in Namibia include a comprehensive study of unemployment, poverty assessment, and assistance with macro-modeling and climate change.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 8 December 2020]

The economy has a superior transport and communications infrastructure, an extensive natural resource base, a small population, and a stable government committed to competitiveness in attracting investment. Large oil and gas reserves were discovered in 2000, that should be tapped by 2005. For these reasons analysts believe that Namibia's economy holds enormous potential for long-term economic growth.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Namibia",, [accessed <date>]