Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

Republic of


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Malta

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Malta in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Over the last 50 years, Malta has witnessed a clear upward trend in annual mean, highest, and lowest temperatures. The mean annual ambient temperature has risen by about 1.5°C on average. The highest maximum ambient temperature has also increased by almost as much during the same period. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Malta

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 16 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

Malta’s GDP growth remains strong and is supported by a strong labor market. The government has implemented new programs, including free childcare, to encourage increased labor participation. The high cost of borrowing and small labor market remain potential constraints to future economic growth. Increasingly, other EU and European migrants are relocating to Malta for employment, though wages have remained low compared to other European countries. Inflation remains low.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $41,900 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 1.6%

industry: 20.7%

services: 77.7% (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate: 4.6% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 16.3% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 6 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.8 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 2.86 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Malta

[accessed 18 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ How Malta Is Tackling Elderly Poverty

~ The Accessibility Of Healthcare In Malta

~ Progress In Addressing Poverty In Malta

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Malta

~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Malta

~ Hunger In Malta Closely Linked To History Of Poverty

~ Causes Of Poverty In Malta

~ Hunger And Poverty In Malta

~ Improving Literacy Rates And Education In Malta

Higher in-work poverty despite resilient economy

Nicole Meilak, Malta Today, 26 December 2020

[Long URL]

[accessed 26 December 2020]

Full employment is a milestone for an economy, but as more and more people enter the active labour force, some are increasingly finding themselves toeing the poverty line. Between 2010 and 2019, the in-work at-risk-of-poverty rate increased by 12%, from 5.8% at the start of the decade to 6.5% last year.   This puts in-work poverty at an all-time high.

Increasing numbers of workers are resorting to temporary contracts, with the percentage of employees on these contracts almost doubling over a decade. In 2010, 5.3% of workers were temporary employees within their workplace. Now in 2019, temporary employees make up 9.1% of the workforce.

People take on temp work for a variety of reasons – 2.4% of workers said they opted for such a contract because they could not find a permanent job. Another 1.5% said that they did not want a permanent job, while 1.9% said they were in education or training. For a majority 3.3% this was simply a probationary period.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 2 January 2020]

Malta has few natural resources besides limestone. Agriculture is limited by the rocky nature of the islands, and most food must be imported. Industrial raw materials are lacking and also must be imported.

Malta's economy now relies on light industry, tourism, and other service industries, in addition to shipbuilding, maintenance, and repairs.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Malta",, [accessed <date>]