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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Liberia

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Liberia in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Liberia, like many other countries in Africa, faces both existing environmental issues and sustainable development challenges. Its location makes it particularly vulnerable to extreme weather, the coastal effects of sea level rise, and changing water systems and availability.

Agriculture contributes 61% of Liberia’s GDP and employs 75% of the population. Climate change exacerbates extreme weather events, leading to decreased crop yields and food insecurity.  adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Liberia

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 1 January 2021]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 6 January 2021]

Liberia is a low-income country that relies heavily on foreign assistance and remittances from the diaspora. It is richly endowed with water, mineral resources, forests, and a climate favorable to agriculture. Its principal exports are iron ore, rubber, diamonds, and gold. Palm oil and cocoa are emerging as new export products. The government has attempted to revive raw timber extraction and is encouraging oil exploration.

Revitalizing the economy in the future will depend on economic diversification, increasing investment and trade, higher global commodity prices, sustained foreign aid and remittances, development of infrastructure and institutions, combating corruption, and maintaining political stability and security.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,300 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 70%

industry: 8%

services: 22% (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate: 2.8% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: 54.1% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 661 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.7 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 81% of population

Physicians density: 0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 44.1% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 19.8% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Liberia

[accessed 14 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Youth Orchestra Targets Poverty In Liberia

~ 3 Organizations Combating Liberia’s Water Crisis

~ What To Know About Homelessness In Liberia

~ 6 Facts About Hunger In Liberia

Action Against Hunger - Liberia

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Because of the country’s low agricultural production and poor household incomes, Liberia has suffered from chronic food insecurity since the civil war. Healthcare systems are also struggling to recover and the Ebola epidemic of 2014 proved that the system was still too weak. Chronic malnutrition at 32 percent is among the highest in the world. Finally, a decline in funding has reduced NGO resources, slowing down the country’s recovery.

Liberia, a coastal country in West Africa with 4.61 million inhabitants is one of the least developed countries in the world. More than half of the population lives in poverty. The Ebola epidemic precipitated a prolonged economic crisis, which in turn created serious political and social tensions in 2019. Currently, 38.4% of the population is food insecure, 25% of the population does not have access to drinking water, and just 17% have access to basic health services. Although HIV and Ebola prevalence rates have declined, diarrheal diseases remain the second largest cause of death for children under five.

The World Bank in Liberia

[accessed 21 April 2021]

Liberia’s poverty reduction strategy is supported by the rebuilding of core functions and institutions, rehabilitating infrastructure, and facilitating growth.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 1 January 2021]

The civil war has left most of Liberia's infrastructure in shambles. Businessmen and capital have left the country and continuing turmoil has prevented normal economic life. The remaining economic assets were plundered or destroyed by factional forces. In addition, President Charles Taylor's support for rebels fighting in Sierra Leone has negatively impacted the climate for foreign investment. Although there are no official statistics, it is estimated that 85% of the population was unemployed in 1999.

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