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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Jordan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Jordan in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

In Jordan, extreme weather conditions can vary significantly depending on the season and region.  In addition, Jordan is located in an active earthquake zone. During the summer months (June to August), temperatures can soar up to 40°C (over 100°F), and between November and March, Jordan experiences a rainy season with the rocky canyonlands prone to flash floods.– adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Jordan

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 31 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Jordan's economy is among the smallest in the Middle East, with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources, underlying the government's heavy reliance on foreign assistance. Other economic challenges for the government include chronic high rates of unemployment and underemployment, budget and current account deficits, and government debt.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 2%

industry: 20%

services: 78% (2013 est.)

Unemployment rate: 18.3% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 14.2% (2017 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 46 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.5 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 98.9% of population

Physicians density: 2.32 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 98.5% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Jordan

[accessed 8 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ How Poverty In Jordan Is Being Lessened

~ The Prevalence Of Refugee Poverty In Jordan

~ Homelessness In Jordan

~ The Life Of Syrian Refugees In Jordan

~ 10 Facts About Sanitation In Jordan

100,000 people in Jordan earn less than 0.5 JD per day

Roya News, 14 February 2021

[accessed 14 February 2021]

The Director General of Tkiyet Um Ali Samer Balkar said poverty and hunger have increased significantly during the coronavirus crisis.

Based on the data collected by Tkiyet Um Ali, approximately 20,000 families (about 100,000 people) live on less than 14 JD per month, which is less than 50 piasters a day. These people are "hungry, and need food, and they are waiting for their turn," he added.

Action Against Hunger - Jordan

[accessed 21 March 2021]

Nine years after the start of the Syrian conflict, the influx of refugees into Jordan have strained the Jordanian economy and its infrastructure. There are 654,700 registered refugees and about 83% of them live outside of refugee camps. The challenge is therefore to give refugees access to basic livelihoods and to offer support to host communities for their immediate needs.

The World Bank in Jordan

[accessed 22 April 2021]

The World Bank is working for the people of Jordan to create more and better opportunities for all. The World Bank Program in Jordan promotes an ambitious agenda for jobs and access to basic services such as education and health while helping Jordan address the impact of the Syrian crisis.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 31 December 2020]

In November 2001, the government introduced its Plan for Social and Economic Transformation (PSET), a program of health and education spending and transfer payments to the poor amounting to 4% of GDP and to be financed in such a way from grants and revenues so as not to add to the country's debt. PSET particularly aims at dealing with Jordan's chronic unemployment problem, which due in part to Malthusian population growth dynamics, worsened slightly—from 12.7% in 1998 to 14.7% in 2001—during the latest period of economic growth. Population growth is such that the 8.6% growth in nominal GDP between 1999 and 2001 produced only a 2.4% increase in per capita income.

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