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Poverty & Hunger

Italian Republic (Italy)

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Italy

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Italy in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Italy has experienced some remarkable extreme weather events recently. Sixteen cities across Italy, including Rome, Florence, and Bologna, were issued red alerts due to a fierce heatwave. Forecasters even predicted that Sicily and Sardinia could face record-breaking temperatures as high as 49°C (120°F), which would be the hottest ever recorded in Europe. – adapted from Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Italy

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

The government still faces pressure from investors and European partners to sustain its efforts to address Italy's longstanding structural economic problems, including labor market inefficiencies, a sluggish judicial system, and a weak banking sector. Italy’s economy returned to modest growth in late 2014 for the first time since 2011. In 2015-16, Italy’s economy grew at about 1% each year, and in 2017 growth accelerated to 1.5% of GDP. In 2017, overall unemployment was 11.4%, but youth unemployment remained high at 37.1%.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $38,200 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 3.9%

industry: 29.3%

services: 67.8% (2011 est.)

Unemployment rate: 11.3% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 29.9% (2012 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.5 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 98.8% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Italy

[accessed 7 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ The State Of Healthcare In Italy

~ 4 Facts About Hunger In Italy

~ 7 Facts About Homelessness In Italy

~ The Future Of The Migrant Crisis In Italy

~ 4 Facts About Innovations In Poverty Eradication In Italy

~ Rome’s Famous Trevi Fountain Fights Poverty

~ Powertis: Reducing Energy Poverty In Italy

~ Sustainable Tourism Is Combatting Poverty In Sardinia

~ 10 Facts About Life Expectancy In Italy

~ What Is Lampedusa?

The World Bank in Italy

[accessed 22 April 2021]

Italy and the World Bank work with other member governments to finance projects, design policies, and deliver programs to end poverty in the developing world.

Looking back a few years

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 7 February 2021]

As the Italian economy, the world's sixth largest, has expanded since the 1950s, its structure has changed markedly. Agriculture, which in 1953 contributed 25% of the GNP and employed 35% of the labor force, contributed in 1968 only 11% of the GNP and employed only 22% of the active labor force—despite continued increases in the value of agricultural production. Agriculture's contribution to the GDP further declined to 8.4% in 1974 and 5% in 2001. Conversely, the importance of industry has increased dramatically.

From 1981 through 1983, Italy endured a period of recession, with rising budget deficits, interest rates above 20%, virtually no real GDP growth, and an unemployment rate approaching 10%. Unemployment hovered around the 10 to 12% range for most of the 1990s and at 9% into the 2000s. Between 1985 and 1995, GDP growth averaged 1.9% a year.

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