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Poverty & Hunger

Republic of

Haiti

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Haiti

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Haiti in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.

HOW TO USE THIS WEBPAGE

Students

If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you. You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example. Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality. Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc. On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution. There is a lot to the subject of Poverty. Scan other countries as well as this one. Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions. Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.

Teachers

Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Haiti

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ha.html

[accessed 14 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to ---> www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/haiti/

[accessed xxxxxxxxxx]

Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with close to 60% of the population living under the national poverty line, Haiti's GDP growth rose to 5.5% in 2011 as the Haitian economy began recovering from the devastating January 2010 earthquake that destroyed much of its capital city, Port-au-Prince, and neighboring areas. However, growth slowed to below 2% in 2015 and 2016 as political uncertainty, drought conditions, decreasing foreign aid, and the depreciation of the national currency took a toll on investment and economic growth. Hurricane Matthew, the fiercest Caribbean storm in nearly a decade, made landfall in Haiti on 4 October 2016, with 140 mile-per-hour winds, creating a new humanitarian emergency. An estimated 2.1 million people were affected by the category 4 storm, which caused extensive damage to crops, houses, livestock, and infrastructure across Haiti's southern peninsula.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,800 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 38.1%

industry: 11.5%

services: 50.4% (2010 est.)

Unemployment rate: 40.6% (2010 est.)

Population below poverty line: 58.5% (2012 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 480 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 42.6 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 75% of population

Physicians density: 0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 62.1% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 38.7% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Haiti

borgenproject.org/category/haiti/

[accessed 6 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States' platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world's poor. It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy. It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ The Reality Of Child Poverty In Haiti

borgenproject.org/the-reality-of-child-poverty-in-haiti/

~ Valliwide Organic Farms: Using Fresh Fruit To Fight Poverty

borgenproject.org/valliwide-organic-farms-selling-fruit-to-fight-poverty/

~ Light From Light Brightens Healthcare In Haiti

borgenproject.org/brightens-healthcare-in-haiti/

~ How Poverty Relief In Haiti Is An Investment

borgenproject.org/poverty-relief-in-haiti/

~ Shining A Spotlight On Restore Haiti

borgenproject.org/restore-haiti/

~ Improving Access To Clean Water In Haiti

borgenproject.org/solution-to-clean-water-in-haiti/

~ Project Esperanza: Responding To Poverty In Haiti

borgenproject.org/responding-to-poverty-in-haiti/

Hunger Hotspots - FAO-WFP early warnings on acute food insecurity - March to July 2021 outlook

Food and Agriculture Org of the UN FAO, World Food Program WFP, 2021

www.fightfoodcrises.net/fileadmin/user_upload/fightfoodcrises/doc/resources/Hunger-Hotspots-March-2021.pdf

[accessed 30 May 2021]

COUNTRIES WITH CATASTROPHIC SITUATIONS: FAMINE-LIKE CONDITIONS OR FACTORS LEADING TO A RISK OF FAMINE -- Deteriorating macro-economic conditions, compounded by rising socio-political unrest and potential below-average rainfall leading to poor agricultural harvest are likely to drive increased food insecurity in Haiti, where 1.2 million people are expected to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) between March and June 2021.

Caring House Project: Alleviating Poverty with Philanthrocapitalism

Borgen Magazine, Tacoma WA, 13 December 2020

www.borgenmagazine.com/caring-house-project-answer-to-poverty-in-haiti/

[accessed 14 December 2020]

Haiti poses an inscrutable challenge to anti-poverty forces, which seek to foster the country's growth without making it dependent upon welfare. Frank McKinney, a real estate artist and best-selling author based in Florida, created the Caring House Project Foundation to rehabilitate Haiti from its aid addiction. In an interview with The Borgen Project, McKinney explains how by building self-sufficient villages in the country's most destitute regions, the nonprofit champions "philanthrocapitalism," an ideology that grants Haitians economic empowerment rather than relief.

The Caring House Project Foundation builds self-sufficient villages in rural Haiti. Each of its 27 communities includes a unique blend of elements specific to its residents' needs, such as a community center, a clinic, a school and rows of concrete houses.

In doing so, the Caring House Project grants villagers a chance for self-actualization without nurturing the welfare dependence that has stunted Haiti's development. Additionally, the Caring House Project does not employ volunteers. In a country where some regions have an unemployment rate of 80%, the nonprofit welcome locals to construct new lives for themselves as they help repair vulnerable villages. Moreover, once the Caring House Project has built "the infrastructure for [a] self-sustaining existence," the villagers are left responsible for their own futures.

Action Against Hunger - Haiti

www.actionagainsthunger.org/countries/americas/haiti

[accessed 21 March 2021]

More than half of Haiti's total population is chronically food insecure, and 22 percent of children are chronically malnourished. Underlying drivers of this situation include extreme poverty and frequent natural disasters. On the 2017 Climate Risk Index, Haiti is ranked third among the countries most affected by extreme weather events.

Persistent drought has considerably impacted agriculture. Farmers in the Low Northwest Department have experienced extended lean periods with fewer rainy seasons and annual production nearly cut in half. IPC analysis, released in October 2019, found that 3.67 million people were acutely food insecure. Around the country, global acute malnutrition increased from 4.6% in 2012 to 6% in 2019 and global chronic malnutrition is estimated at 22.7%.

The World Bank in Haiti

www.worldbank.org/en/country/haiti/overview

[accessed 19 April 2021]

Haiti is extremely vulnerable to natural disasters with more than 90 percent of the population at risk. Hurricane Matthew battered the south of Haiti on October 4, 2016, which was the most devastating disaster since the 2010 earthquake.

Looking back a few years

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Haiti-ECONOMY.html

[accessed 6 February 2021]

One of the richest colonial possessions based on its slave-operated sugar plantations, and site of the world's first successful slave revolt, Haiti is now one of the world's poorest countries, separated on the island of Hispanola from the prospering Dominican Republic by racial and linguistic divisions, and a river named Massacre. About 80% of the population lives in abject poverty, engaged mainly in subsistence agriculture.

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