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Poverty & Hunger

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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Germany

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Germany in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


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*** Extreme Weather ***

Extreme Temperatures: The highest recorded temperature in Germany was 40.3°C (104.5°F) in Bad Mergentheim, Baden-Württemberg on July 20, 2022. Notably, the warmest years on record in Germany were 2018 and 2022.

Severe Flooding and Storms: In 2021, devastating floods struck Germany, particularly in the Ahr Valley region, resulting in at least 134 fatalities due to flash flooding that wrecked entire towns. Climate scientists were shocked by the scale of these floods, as records were broken beyond their expectations.

In July 2021, heavy rainfall led to catastrophic flooding, with 58 people dead and many others missing. The environment minister emphasized that “climate change has arrived in Germany” as the country grappled with destroyed buildings and stranded individuals. Germany has also faced hailstorms and extreme flash floods, which are attributed to fluctuations in temperature and humidity due to climate change. – Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Germany

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

The German economy - the fifth largest economy in the world in PPP terms and Europe's largest - is a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment. Germany benefits from a highly skilled labor force, but, like its Western European neighbors, faces significant demographic challenges to sustained long-term growth. Low fertility rates and a large increase in net immigration are increasing pressure on the country's social welfare system and necessitate structural reforms.

Reforms launched by the government of Chancellor Gerhard SCHROEDER (1998-2005), deemed necessary to address chronically high unemployment and low average growth, contributed to strong economic growth and falling unemployment. These advances, as well as a government subsidized, reduced working hour scheme, help explain the relatively modest increase in unemployment during the 2008-09 recession - the deepest since World War II. The German Government introduced a minimum wage in 2015 that increased to $9.79 (8.84 euros) in January 2017.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $50,800 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 1.4%

industry: 24.2%

services: 74.3% (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate: 3.8% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 16.7% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.1 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 4.25 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Germany

[accessed 3 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Tackling Child Poverty In Germany

~ Updates On Sdg Goal 16 In Germany

~ Online Platform Helping Refugees Find Answers

~ Innovations In Poverty Eradication In Germany

~ Germany’s Dual System Integrates Syrian Refugees

~ The Fight Against Hunger In Germany

~ More Than A Trend: What Food Allergies In Germany Are Costing The Poor

Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries

Human Rights Watch World Report 2020

[accessed 31 January 2021]

The UK is not alone. Germany’s Tafel network of around 940 food banks (or food tables), which opened in 1993 gave food to 1.65 million people last year; it has seen steady rises in demand over the past decade-and-a-half, with more and more women, children, and older people needing food aid.

In Germany, the coming year will see important arguments in court about whether scaling back welfare support for asylum-seekers—about 127,000 in the first nine months of 2019, which could leave many struggling to feed themselves—is lawful given Germany’s constitutionally guaranteed “dignified minimum existence.”

With better legal protections, better measurement, and stronger policy responses, this entirely avoidable hunger can be reduced drastically. Hunger in wealthy countries is not inevitable, and food banks are not a substitute for government action. As the UN’s former special rapporteur on the right to food and 57 other prominent academic and nongovernmental organization voices have warned, we should never get used to the idea of “leftover” food for “left behind people”.

The World Bank in Germany

[accessed 19 April 2021]

Germany works closely with the international community to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development, food security, peace, and human rights, among other goals.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 29 December 2020]

The costs of reunification saddled the country with $300 billion in debt, forcing western Germans to pay a 7.5% "solidarity" surtax for reconstructing the eastern section. Even with the infusion of cash, the eastern sector was essentially bankrupt in the late 1990s with 25% unemployment and worker output at 50% of its western counterpart. However, high unemployment did not result in a drop in the hourly wage rate. High labor costs also plague the west where workers average a 38-hour work week and enjoy six weeks of vacation per year. To remain competitive, German companies are cutting staff and relocating manufacturing jobs to lower wage countries.

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