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Poverty & Hunger

Gabonese Republic


In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Gabon

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Gabon in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Precipitation: Extreme precipitation events in Gabon might exhibit different trends and larger magnitudes of change compared to mean precipitation. As global temperatures rise, the potential for air to carry moisture increases exponentially. For every 1°C increase in air temperature, the air’s moisture-carrying capacity rises by 7%. Consequently, intense rainfall events are likely to occur more frequently, potentially affecting flooding risk.

Temperature: Gabon is already witnessing rising temperatures, and there’s an increase in extreme weather events in the near to medium term. These changes can impact agriculture, water availability, and overall population health.

Drought and Flooding: Historic droughts followed by flooding have devastated regions in sub-Saharan Africa, including Gabon. These extreme weather conditions pose significant threats to crops, farms, and food security.– Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Gabon

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 29 December 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Gabon enjoys a per capita income four times that of most Sub-Saharan African nations, but because of high income inequality, a large proportion of the population remains poor.

Despite an abundance of natural wealth, poor fiscal management and over-reliance on oil has stifled the economy. Power cuts and water shortages are frequent. Gabon is reliant on imports and the government heavily subsidizes commodities, including food, but will be hard pressed to tamp down public frustration with unemployment and corruption.

GDP - per capita: $18,100 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 64%

industry: 12%

services: 24% (2005 est.)

Unemployment rate: 28% (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line: 34.3% (2015 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 252 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 30.4 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 93.8% of population

Physicians density: 0.68 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 74.8% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 91.4% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Gabon

[accessed 3 February 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ 5 Key Points To Know About Hunger In Gabon

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~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Gabon

~ Top 10 Facts About Girls’ Education In Gabon

~ Investment Helps Spur Improved Infrastructure In Gabon

The World Bank in Gabon

[accessed 19 April 2021]

Gabon joined the World Bank in 1963. Since then, the Bank has provided support through the financing of more than 20 projects in a variety of sectors.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 3 February 2021]

Rich in resources, Gabon is a country that realized growth rates of 9.5% in the 1970s and early 1980s before succumbing to oil-price instability and international borrowing.

Content to remain dependent on oil and its other primary product exports, the government has not taken the steps necessary to diversify the economy. High labor costs, an unskilled workforce, and poor fiscal management continue to inhibit economic growth.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Gabon",, [accessed <date>]