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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Burundi

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Burundi in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

Burundi has been experiencing unpredictable and extreme weather patterns due to climate change. The heavy rains, high winds, and dry spells have caused floodwaters that have destroyed homes and livelihoods, and landslides are a constant threat. Over 114,000 people in Burundi have been displaced by climate change-related disasters, and the trend is likely to continue, impacting harvests and causing further displacement.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Burundi

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 10 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Burundi faces several underlying weaknesses – low governmental capacity, corruption, a high poverty rate, poor educational levels, a weak legal system, a poor transportation network, and overburdened utilities – that have prevented the implementation of planned economic reforms. The purchasing power of most Burundians has decreased as wage increases have not kept pace with inflation, which reached approximately 18% in 2017.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $700 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 93.6%

industry: 2.3%

services: 4.1% (2002 est.)

Unemployment rate: N/A

Population below poverty line: 64.6% (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 548 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 40.1 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.7 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 80.3% of population

Physicians density: 0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 57.4% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 7.6% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Burundi

[accessed 24 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Accessible Energy In Burundi

~ Energy Access For Poverty Eradication In Burundi

~ Maternal Health In Refugee Camps In Burundi

~ Improving Healthcare In Burundi

~ 9 Facts About Cholera In Burundi

~ The Dire State Of Rural Poverty In Burundi

~ Ingenuity In Burundi’s Health Care

The World Bank in Burundi

[accessed 16 April 2021]

In Burundi, the World Bank financed projects aim to boost economic growth in order to reduce the poverty rate, by improving human capital and promoting social inclusion.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 24 January 2021]

Burundi's is an agricultural and livestock economy with over 90% of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture.

Since 1993, ethnic tensions and ongoing violence have severely disrupted the economy, bringing the government's economic reforms to a halt.

Over 300,000 people since 1993 had been killed in Burundi's civil war. Sanctions imposed by neighboring countries on Burundi have stunted the economy, although a regional trade embargo was lifted in 1999. Nearly one in ten adults are infected with HIV/AIDS, and medicines are in short supply.

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