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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Bulgaria

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Bulgaria in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

According to a news article from AP News, gale-force winds, heavy rain, and snow have hit large parts of Bulgaria, causing severe damage and disrupting power supply in towns and villages. Two people have lost their lives due to the extreme weather.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Bulgaria

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 10 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Despite a favorable investment regime, including low, flat corporate income taxes, significant challenges remain. Corruption in public administration, a weak judiciary, low productivity, lack of transparency in public procurements, and the presence of organized crime continue to hamper the country's investment climate and economic prospects.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $21,800 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 6.8%

industry: 26.6%

services: 66.6% (2016 est.)

Unemployment rate: 6.2% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 23.4% (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 8.1 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 100% of population

Physicians density: 4.03 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 100% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Bulgaria

[accessed 22 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

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The World Bank in Bulgaria

[accessed 16 April 2021]

Bulgaria has undergone a significant transformation over the past three decades. It has transformed from a highly centralized, planned economy to an open, market-based, upper-middle-income economy securely anchored in the EU.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 22 January 2021]

With the disintegration of Soviet-bloc trade and payments arrangements, GDP declined by about 10% in 1990, 13% in 1991, 8% in 1992, and an estimated 4% in 1993. Meanwhile, Bulgaria began an economic reform program supported by the World Bank and IMF.

The economy was further plagued by wide scale corruption among businessmen from the former Communist Party who stripped state enterprises of their assets and transferred the funds out of the country. By 1997, the Bulgarian economy was at the brink of collapse with inflation at 300%, the banking system in chaos, and the government on the verge of bankruptcy. Bulgaria became the poorest country in Europe with average monthly wages of $30 a month.

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