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In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Description: Belarus

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Belarus in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

The Guardian reports Belarus experienced a record high temperature of 16.4°C in January 2023, beating the country’s previous record by 4.5°C. The article also mentions that the warmest January day ever was recorded in at least eight European countries including Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Belarus, Lithuania and Latvia.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Belarus

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 10 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

As part of the former Soviet Union, Belarus had a relatively well-developed industrial base, but it is now outdated, inefficient, and dependent on subsidized Russian energy and preferential access to Russian markets. The country’s agricultural base is largely dependent on government subsidies. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, an initial burst of economic reforms included privatization of state enterprises, creation of private property rights, and the acceptance of private entrepreneurship, but by 1994 the reform effort dissipated. About 80% of industry remains in state hands, and foreign investment has virtually disappeared. Several businesses have been renationalized. State-owned entities account for 70-75% of GDP, and state banks make up 75% of the banking sector.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $18,900 (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 9.7%

industry: 23.4%

services: 66.8% (2015 est.)

Unemployment rate: 0.8% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line: 5.7% (2016 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.8 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 99.8% of population

Physicians density: 5.19 physicians/1,000 population (2015)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 99.4% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

The Borgen Project - Belarus

[accessed 20 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Understanding Poverty In Belarus

~ 5 Facts About Healthcare In Belarus

~ Hunger In Belarus

~ Homelessness In Belarus: Citizens Are Taking Action

~ 5 Facts About Sanitation In Belarus

~ 5 Facts About Orphans In Belarus

The World Bank in Belarus

[accessed 16 April 2021]

In 2020, the economy of Belarus contracted by 0.9% year-on-year. Amidst the limited space for fiscal or monetary expansion, the outlook is for deepening of the recession in 2021 and a slow recovery thereafter.

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 14 December 2020]

The business climate remains poor in Belarus: as of 2000, production had increased, but products were uncompetitive on the world market and many were placed in warehouses for storage. Losses from state-owned businesses are largely written off, which prevents those businesses from going bankrupt and keeps unemployment artificially low.

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