Main Menu
Street Children
Human Trafficking


Poverty & Hunger

Antigua & Barbuda

In the early years of the 21st Century

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Antigua&Barbuda

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Antigua & Barbuda in the early years of the 21st Century.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of poverty are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring the relationship between distribution of labor and per-capita GDP, for example.  Perhaps your paper could focus on life expectancy or infant mortality.  Other factors of interest might be unemployment, literacy, access to basic services, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to include some of the possible outgrowths of poverty such as Human Trafficking, Street Children, or even Prostitution.  There is a lot to the subject of Poverty.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

*** Extreme Weather ***

According to the Climate Change Knowledge Portal, Antigua and Barbuda have experienced extreme precipitation events in the past and are expected to experience more in the future due to climate change. In October 2023, Tropical Storm Philippe caused heavy rains in the Leeward Islands, including Barbuda and Antigua.  Microsoft BING Copilot

*** ARCHIVES ***

The World Factbook - Antigua & Barbuda

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency CIA

[accessed 9 November 2020]

World Factbook website has moved to --->

[accessed 5 January 2021]

Like other countries in the region, Antigua's economy was severely hit by effects of the global economic recession in 2009. The country suffered from the collapse of its largest private sector employer, a steep decline in tourism, a rise in debt, and a sharp economic contraction between 2009 and 2011. Antigua has not yet returned to its pre-crisis growth levels. Barbuda suffered significant damages after hurricanes Irma and Maria passed through the Caribbean in 2017.

Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on tourist arrivals from the US, Canada, and Europe and could be disrupted by potential damage from natural disasters. The new government, elected in 2014 and led by Prime Minister Gaston Browne, continues to face significant fiscal challenges. The government places some hope in a new Citizenship by Investment Program, to both reduce public debt levels and spur growth, and a resolution of a WTO dispute with the US.

GDP - per capita (PPP): $26,400 (2017 est.)

GDP – composition by sector of origin

Labor force - by occupation:

agriculture: 7%

industry: 11%

services: 82% (1983 est.)

Unemployment rate: 11% (2014 est.)

Population below poverty line: N/A

Maternal mortality rate: --

Infant mortality rate: total: 11.1 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.3 years

Drinking water source: improved: total: 96.7% of population

Physicians density: 2.96 physicians/1,000 population (2017)

Sanitation facility access: improved: total: 91.7% of population

Electricity access: electrification - total population: 97.4% (2016)

The Borgen Project – Antigua & Barbuda

[accessed 19 January 2021]

The Borgen Project works with U.S. leaders to utilize the United States’ platform behind efforts toward improving living conditions for the world’s poor.  It is an innovative, national campaign that is working to make poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy.  It believes that leaders of the most powerful nation on earth should be doing more to address global poverty. From ending segregation to providing women with the right to vote, nearly every wrong ever righted in history was achieved through advocacy. The Borgen Project addresses the big picture, operating at the political level advancing policies and programs that improve living conditions for those living on less than $1 per day.

~ Healthcare In Antigua And Barbuda

~ Life Expectancy In Antigua And Barbuda

~ Top 10 Facts About Living Conditions In Antigua And Barbuda

~ Causes Of Poverty In Antigua And Barbuda

~ A Continued Water Shortage In Antigua & Barbuda

~ HIV/AIDS: One Of The Top Diseases In Antigua And Barbuda

Looking back a few years …

Advameg, Inc., Encyclopedia of the Nations

[accessed 12 December 2020]

Throughout most of the island's history, sugar and cotton production were by far the principal economic endeavors. Since the 1960s, however, tourism has been the main industry, accounting directly and indirectly for some over half of GDP.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Prof. Martin Patt, "Poverty - Antigua & Barbuda",, [accessed <date>]