Main Menu
Human Trafficking
Street Children


The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                        

Republic of China (Taiwan)

Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing government guidance of investment and foreign trade. In keeping with this trend, some large, state-owned banks and industrial firms have been privatized. Exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialization. The island runs a large trade surplus, and its foreign reserves are among the world's largest.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Taiwan

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Taiwan.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

Ministry of Interior
10 85 32 18 34
Country code: 886



Assessment for Aboriginal Taiwanese in Taiwan

Minorities At Risk Project, Center for International Development and Conflict Management, University of Maryland, December 31, 2006

[accessed 28 July 2011]

[accessed 15 November 2016]

RISK ASSESSMENT - The average income of the Aboriginals is less than half of the national average. Poverty and the increasing inability to earn a livelihood through traditional methods such as hunting and felling trees have helped to promote widespread child prostitution and alcoholism. Further, Taiwan's indigenous peoples have become "tourist attractions" as the government has moved many groups into "model" villages in order to boost visitors to the island


*** ARCHIVES ***

ECPAT Country Monitoring Report [PDF]

Veyoma Hevamange, ECPAT International, 2011

[accessed 8 September 2020]

Desk review of existing information on the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) in Taiwan. The report looks at protection mechanisms, responses, preventive measures, child and youth participation in fighting SEC, and makes recommendations for action against SEC.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 8 September 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. November 2017 amendments to the Child and Youth Sexual Exploitation Prevention Act (CYSEPA) stipulate a perpetrator who films an underage person engaging in sexual intercourse or obscene acts or produces pictures, photographs, films, videotapes, compact discs, electronic signals, or other objects that show an underage person engaging in sexual intercourse or obscene acts, shall be subject to imprisonment for between one and seven years, and could face a maximum fine of NT$1.0 million ($32,600).

The minimum age for consensual sexual relations is 16 years. Persons who engage in sex with children younger than 14 face sentences of three to 10 years in prison. Those who engage in sex with minors between 14 and 16 receive a mandatory prison sentence of three to seven years. Solicitors of sex with minors older than 16 but younger than 18 face a maximum of one year in prison or hard labor or a maximum fine of NT$3 million ($97,700).

While authorities generally enforced the law domestically, elements of the law that treat possession of child pornography as a misdemeanor rather than a felony hampered enforcement in some cases. Authorities also did not investigate or prosecute any cases of child sexual exploitation committed by citizens while traveling abroad, although the law permits this.

In February 2018 police arrested two men in connection with an international child pornography distribution ring. Police uncovered mobile hard drives that contained an estimated 2,500 pornographic videos of minors, including infants. The suspects were charged with violating the CYSEPA and sentenced respectively to two months in jail, which can be commuted to a fine of NT$60,000 ($1,960), plus a two-year probation.

NGOs raised concerns about online sexual exploitation of children and reported sex offenders increasingly used cell phones, web cameras, live streaming, apps, and other new technologies to deceive and coerce underage girls and boys into sexual activity.

There were reports of minors in prostitution.

False sex-related job ads remain rampant: civic groups

Central News Agency CNA, Taipei, July 17, 2008

[accessed 28 July 2011]

Fake job ads allegedly placed by employers in the sex industry continue to occupy the classified pages of Taiwanese newspapers, leaving teenagers vulnerable to forced prostitution, a local civic alliance devoted to child and juvenile sex trade prevention said yesterday.

Taiwan modifies law to prevent online child sex business

Taiwan News, August 24, 2007

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 28 July 2011]

According to Huang, Taiwan's underage prostitutes tend to escape family problems -- such as domestic violence and financial constraints -- by playing video games or selling sex through Internet chat rooms, making money as a means of survival.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – TAIWAN – In terms of coordination and cooperation, an inter-bureau supervisory meeting is held every six months to monitor the actions related to CSEC that specific government bodies have undertaken, and to increase inter-departmental coordination. The bodies include the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Education, the Department of Health, the Government Information Office, the Tourism Bureau, the Council of Labor Affairs, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of National Defense and county governments. NGOs are also invited to the meetings.

The Garden of Hope Foundation - Background

The Garden of Hope Foundation

[accessed 28 July 2011]

[accessed 15 November 2016]

The Garden of Hope Foundation is a non-government, non-profit group established in 1988 to help disadvantaged girls and young women.   In particular, we target girls caught in the sex industry, victims of sexual abuse and family violence. Many of our clients have been subjected to more than one form of abuse.  From one halfway house, our services have grown to include shelters and service centers island-wide providing everything from counseling and temporary housing, to employment training, social work and legal aid. This includes outreach programs for “at-risk” teenagers, services for immigrant spouses and family counseling.  For emergency help in Taiwan call 113

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 28 July 2011]

[81] Concerning child prostitution, 1,069 cases were prosecuted in 2001, resulting in 582 convictions, and of 1,221 prosecutions in 2002, 925 persons were found guilty.  The penalty for engaging in remunerated sexual relations with a child is a minimum of five years’ imprisonment and a fine.

2005 World of Children Awards Winners Announced

World of Children, Nov 10, 2005

[accessed 21 June 2113]

[accessed 15 November 2016]

Hui-jung Chi of Taiwan, China, received the $100,000 Kellogg's Child Development Award for her lifetime contributions toward helping children learn and grow. Chi, a former journalist, has worked tirelessly for the past 13 years as a child advocate and devotee to social reform in Taiwan. Boldly addressing issues such as child prostitution, domestic violence and sexual abuse, Chi's voice has compelled the government of Taiwan to take action. As a result, the anti child-prostitution law was passed, helping keep an estimated 13,000 children out of the sex industry since 1992. Chi also initiated the revitalization of the Garden of Hope Foundation in 1992, transforming one shelter into a network of counseling centers, short-term emergency shelters, and long-term halfway houses that provide outreach and job programs, and advocacy services. Chi's work has directly benefited the lives of 100,000 children in Taiwan and has spread to New York City where a Garden of Hope has been established.

Taiwan: Child-Sex Offenders To Feel Force Of Law

The Asian Times, May 15 - 21, 1999

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 28 July 2011]

Taiwan’s parliament has passed a new law to convict child sex tourists. The law provides for prison terms of between three and 10 years for anyone having sex with girls aged under 14.  Those who have sex with girls aged between 14-16 could be jailed for up to seven years.  Names and photographs of offenders will also be made public in government bulletins.  About 35 per cent of male Taiwanese tourists had paid for sex at least once during travels abroad.  Their main destinations are the mainland, the Philippines, Vietnam and Thailand.  Underage girls are preferred because Taiwanese believe they are less prone to venereal diseases.




ECPAT Global Monitoring Report on the status of action against commercial exploitation of children - TAIWAN [PDF]

ECPAT International, 2006

[accessed 28 July 2011]

Taiwan’s economic growth over the past decades has given rise to a massive spread in the use of the Internet and mobile phones, popular communication channels among children and teenagers, in which supervision from parents can be minimal. Statistics from the Police Department from 1997 to September 2001 showed that an increasing number of children are engaging in prostitution through the Internet. In Taiwan, ‘enjo kosai’ - a Japanese term for compensated ‘companionship’ through dating websites, which generally involves the provision of sex for remuneration - has been practised by both girls and boys, who become victims out of curiosity or to gain quick income.

Teenagers who drop out of school often find employment in sex-related industries: tea shops, pubs, night clubs, call centres, ‘enjo kosai’, illegal brothels, etc. Most of them are engaged in the sex industry in a ‘disguised’ manner, working as “spicy waitresses”, attendants, “betel nut beauties”, karaoke girls, and so on.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 28 December 2010]

CHILDREN - Child prostitution was a problem, particularly among aborigine children. The law provides for up to two years incarceration for customers of prostitutes under the age of 18. As of November 799 persons were indicated for this crime, and 858 were convicted, including cases from previous years. In 2004, 952 persons were indicted, and 794 were convicted. The law also requires the publication of the names of violators in newspapers. The law prohibits the media from running advertisements involving the sex trade and imposes penalties on citizens arrested abroad for having sex with minors; these laws were enforced in practice.

WOMEN – Prostitution, including child prostitution, was a problem. Prostitution is illegal. There were reports of a growing trend of teenagers and young women being lured into prostitution by Internet advertisements promising employment, large salaries, and adventure.

Human Rights Reports » 2004 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, February 28, 2005

[accessed 5 April 2020]

CHILDREN - Although no reliable statistics were available, child prostitution was a problem, particularly among aboriginal children.  Most child prostitutes ranged in age from 12 to 17 years. The juvenile welfare law enables juvenile welfare bodies, prosecutors, and victims to apply to courts for termination of guardianship of parents and the appointment of qualified guardians if parents have forced their children into prostitution.

According to well-informed observers, the practice of aboriginal families selling their children into prostitution no longer existed.  According to some reports, brothel owners used violence, drug addiction, and other forms of coercion to prevent child prostitutes from escaping.  The law provides for up to 2 years' incarceration for customers of prostitutes under the age of 18.  In 2003, 1,072 persons were indicted, and 1,259 were convicted (including some indicted in previous years) for violation of the law.

Human Rights Reports » 1999 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, February 23, 2000

[accessed 5 April 2020]

f. TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS - The sale of Aboriginal girls into prostitution by their parents is also a problem. However, reports have indicated that in the period from June 1994 to July 1995, the percentage of all arrested child prostitutes who were of Aboriginal origin dropped from 15 percent to 5 percent. This reduction may have come about due to intensive efforts on the part of social workers and nongovernmental organizations to combat the practice of selling female children into prostitution. The NPA also coordinated the formation of police task forces in local jurisdictions to investigate and prevent the sale of Aboriginal girls into prostitution. From the beginning of 1998 through April, 46 Aboriginal girls were found to have been engaged in prostitution.


All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution - Taiwan",, [accessed <date>]