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The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                      

Macau (Macao)

Macau's economy has enjoyed strong growth in recent years on the back of its expanding tourism and gaming sectors.

The expanding casino sector, and China's decision beginning in 2002 to relax travel restrictions, reenergized Macau's tourism industry. This city of just over 500,000 hosted more than 30 million visitors in 2008. Almost 60% of these came from mainland China, despite increasing restrictions on travel to the SAR.

Macau's traditional manufacturing industry has been in a slow decline since the termination of the Multi-Fiber Agreement in 2005. In 2008, exports of textiles and garments generated only $1.1 billion, compared to $13.7 billion in gross gaming receipts.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Macau

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Macau.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

Judiciary Police
2855 7777
Country code: 853-



ECPAT Regional Overview: The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in East and South-East Asia [PDF]

ECPAT International, 2014

[accessed 2 September 2020]

Maps sexual exploitation of children in travel and tourism (SECTT), online child sexual exploitation (OCSE), trafficking of children for sexual purposes, sexual exploitation of children through prostitution, and child early and forced marriage (CEFM). Other topics include poverty and inequality, migration, armed conflicts, natural disasters and displacement, and traditional practices.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 3 September 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The law specifically provides for criminal punishment for sexual abuse of children and students, statutory rape, and procurement involving minors. The criminal code sets 14 years as the age of sexual consent. The law forbids procurement for prostitution of a person younger than age 18. The law also prohibits child pornography. The government generally enforced these laws effectively, but there were concerns about the participation of minors in sex work.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 30 September 2005

[accessed 19 February 2011]

[6] While noting with appreciation the State party’s signature of the Memorandum of Understanding against Human Trafficking in the Mekong Sub-region in October of 2004, the Committee is concerned at the absence of a plan of action to combat trafficking and sexual exploitation applicable either to the mainland or the Macau SAR.

[8] The Committee regrets the limited statistical data on sexual exploitation and cross-border trafficking included in the State party’s report, both with regard to mainland China and the Macau SAR . It is further concerned that the data refer almost exclusively to the number of women and children rescued rather than those abducted, and that data often refer to different time periods, which hampers accurate assessment and monitoring of the situation regarding the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.

[14] The Committee is concerned at the limited information provided about services to assist child victims with regard to reintegration and recovery on the mainland. It is also concerned about the absence of assistance programs specifically designed for child victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation in the Macau SAR.

ECPAT: In Trafficking Case, Court Balks Again

Brian Calvert, The Cambodia Daily, 27 February 2002

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 16 June 2011]

Tang Kim Min, 35, is being held on charges related to human trafficking. The main witness against him is an under-age Vietnamese girl, who says she survived an intricate network of pimps, brokers and human smugglers - including Tang Kim Min - who hustled her through Cambodia, southern China and eventually to Macau.

Vietnam Trafficking

The Factbook on Global Sexual Exploitation, Donna M. Hughes, Laura Joy Sporcic, Nadine Z. Mendelsohn, Vanessa Chirgwin, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, 1999

[accessed 16 June 2011]

Vietnamese traffickers sell hundreds of women and children each year in Europe, China, Cambodia and Macau, for prostitution and arranged marriages.

The Dark Side of Casino Lights

[access information unavailable]

Bolor said she hopes the government will take measures against prostitution and to protect girls who live on the street.  She said that street girls as young as 14 and 15 years-old are often trafficked to Macao, Singapore and Malaysia.




Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 10 February 2020]

MACAU - CHILDREN - The government protected the rights and welfare of children through the general framework of civil and political rights legislation that protects all citizens. For example, the law provides for criminal punishment for sexual abuse of children and students, statutory rape, and procuring that involves minors.

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Child Prostitution - Macau",, [accessed <date>]