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The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                      

Co-operative Republic of Guyana

The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in recent years and is based largely on agriculture and extractive industries. The economy is heavily dependent upon the export of six commodities - sugar, gold, bauxite, shrimp, timber, and rice - which represent nearly 60% of the country's GDP and are highly susceptible to adverse weather conditions and fluctuations in commodity prices.

Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Guyana

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Guyana.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

Help & Shelter (NGO)
Country code: 592-



Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 30 August 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The age of sexual consent is 16. By law a person who has sexual relations with a child younger than 16 may be found guilty of a felony and imprisoned for life. There were continued reports of children being exploited in prostitution. The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children age 18 and younger. Laws related to pornography and pornographic performances do not prohibit the use, procuring, and offering of a child for each of these purposes. The law also regulates selling, publishing, or exhibiting obscene material, defined as anything that could deprave or corrupt those open to immoral influences. The country is not a destination for child sex tourism.

2018 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, US Dept of Labor, 2019

[accessed 30 August 2020]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

[page 587]

Children in Guyana, including girls as young as age 12, are involved in commercial sexual exploitation in Georgetown and the country’s interior. There are reports of young girls in mining communities being subjected to commercial sexual exploitation as a result of human trafficking. (2,4-6)

Guyanese law does not sufficiently prohibit all commercial sexual exploitation of children as it does not prohibit the use, procuring, and offering of a child for pornographic performances. (5,25,29) Although Article 50(1) of the Protection of Children Act prohibits selling or giving drugs to children, the law does not specifically prohibit the use, procuring, or offering of a child for the production and trafficking of drugs. (26,30)

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 30 January 2004

[accessed 8 February 2011]

[53] The Committee notes the results of the studies on the problem of sexual exploitation in the State party and expresses its concern at the lack of specific data on this issue and of targeted measures to address it.

[59] The Committee notes that the State party has not ratified the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, and on the involvement of children in armed conflict.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 21 May 2011]

[45] Sale and trafficking of children are considered criminal offences in the context of the Adoption of Children Act, which states that it is not lawful to give to a person any payment in consideration of the adoption process.  Prostitution and pornography involving children are criminal offences but there were no reported prosecutions during 2001 and 2002.  Concerning protective intervention, the Probation and Family Welfare Service is mandated to offer protective care for children in especially difficult circumstances, such as those children at risk of being sexually abused or exploited by adults.

Protection Project Report - Guyana [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

[accessed 2009]

GOVERNMENT RESPONSES - The Criminal Law Offence Act criminalizes abduction of an unmarried girl. It also outlaws child prostitution by prohibiting an owner, occupier, or manager of any premises to cause or allow a girl younger than 13 to be on a premises for the purpose of having unlawful sexual intercourse.

Committee On The Rights Of The Child (CRC) Concludes Thirty-Fifth Session

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Press Release, 30 January 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 21 May 2011]

With regard to the report of Guyana … the Committee recommended, among other things, that the State party raise the age of the minimum sexual consent and the minimum age of criminal responsibility to an internationally acceptable one; and continue to strengthen measures aimed at increasing enrolment rates in primary and secondary education and to further increase attempts to bring dropouts back to school and other training programs.

Regional Governmental Congress on Sexual Exploitation of Children  [PDF]

The Honourable Bibi Safora Shadick, Minister Within the Ministry of Labour, Human Services & Social Security, Report on Sexual Exploitation

[accessed 19 November 2016]




The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 8 February 2011]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Girls in the Hinterland area in particular are recruited to work as domestic servants and waitresses in restaurants. The Guyana Human Rights Association reported that there were cases where girls as young as 11 are recruited to work in bars and restaurants as prostitutes. Children are also engaged in prostitution in ports, gold mining areas, and the capital city of Georgetown. Young women and children are known to be trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation mostly within the country.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 9 February 2020]

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] According to the 2001 UNICEF-sponsored Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 27 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 14 were economically active. The majority of children started working between the ages of 10 and 14. Approximately 45 percent of children worked in the interior regions. The report indicated that most children were not involved in the worst forms of child labor, and estimated that 3 percent of the children were involved in commercial sexual activity. Teenage prostitution was a problem.

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