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Human Trafficking
Street Children


The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                           

Kingdom of Denmark

This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, an equitable distribution of income, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, a stable political system, and high dependence on foreign trade. Unemployment is low and capacity constraints limit growth potential. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus.

A major long-term issue will be the sharp decline in the ratio of workers to retirees.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Denmark.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

Non-emergency police

33 14 88 88

Country code: 45-


Center mod Menneskehandel (Center against Human Trafficking)
70 20 25 50
Country code: 45-



Prostitution and its Context in Denmark

[accessed 14 September 2011]

A recent round table discussion between the police, social workers in contact with the prostitution milieu, and the social counselors for parents and children in crisis, concluded that there is no child prostitution involving children below the age of consent (15 years) in Denmark. The flow of teenagers into street prostitution is rather limited, especially for teenagers under 18. The owners of bars and massage parlors are generally very careful not to let in persons younger than 21 years, as this is illegal and might give the police an opportunity to intervene. Thus, most prostitutes start work after they reach 20 in massage parlors or bars. A relatively small group start at a younger age and do so on the streets.


*** ARCHIVES ***

ECPAT Country Monitoring Report [PDF]

Alessia Altumura, ECPAT International, 2012

[accessed 27 August 2020]

Desk review of existing information on the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) in Denmark. The report looks at protection mechanisms, responses, preventive measures, child and youth participation in fighting SEC, and makes recommendations for action against SEC.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 27 August 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. Penalties for the distribution of child pornography include up to a six-year prison sentence. The government generally enforced these laws. The minimum age for consensual sexual activity is 15. The purchase of sexual services from a person younger than 18 is illegal.

The law in Greenland prohibits sexual relations with children younger than 15; Greenlandic Police determine the penalties for perpetrators.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, 8 June 2001

[accessed 1 February 2011]

[42] The Committee is aware of the efforts of the State party to prevent and combat sexual abuse and exploitation, including the recent establishment of an information collection system on sexual abuse. The Committee is concerned about the lack of awareness about child abuse and exploitation and the inadequate efforts to address child pornography. The Committee also notes the need for training for professionals working with and for child victims of abuse, including police officers, lawyers and social workers.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, 14/12/2004

[accessed 19 September 2011]

[9] The Committee welcomes the adoption in March 2003 of the law on combating child pornography, sexual exploitation of children and sale of children, and the establishment in August 2003 of an action plan on combating sexual abuse of children.

[19] The Committee notes with concern that, in spite of the measures taken by the State party, Denmark continues to face problems of child pornography, sexual exploitation of children, and trafficking in women and children.

The Protection Project - Denmark [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - A recent study undertaken by Save the Children Denmark uncovered two primary purposes for which children are trafficked to Denmark: for commercial sexual exploitation and for criminal exploitation, such as pickpocketing and shoplifting. At least 20 cases of this second form were detected from spring to December 2003.  In that year, police observed that an increasing number of boys, primarily from Romania, were being trafficked for criminal exploitation. Many appeared to belong to the Roma minority.  A combination of trafficking for both purposes can also occur.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – DENMARK – ECPAT Denmark has launched a code of conduct with two Danish travel companies and has carried out training for tourist guides. It has also been discussing child sex tourism with other Scandinavian ECPAT groups. Work against child pornography on the Internet has continued through a hotline funded by the government. ECPAT Denmark has also been active in the field of child participation. It conducted a workshop on CSEC, where youngsters wrote a letter to the world at a Danish Youth Council seminar.  The letter was taken by 2 of the Danish youth participants to the UN General Assembly Special Session PrepCom in New York in June 2001.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 7 May 2011]

[39] In June 2002, Parliament adopted a bill on new legislation concerning trafficking in human beings, including children for sexual purposes, in accordance with the EU Framework Decision on combating trafficking in human beings.  The clients of prostitutes under the age of 18 are criminalized under the Criminal Code with a maximum term of two years’ imprisonment.  Sexual relations with any child (a) under 15; or (b) under 12, or if coercion or intimidation has been used, is punishable with imprisonment for a maximum of 6 years or 10 years, respectively.  Legislation concerning child pornography has been amended several times and the bill planned to be put before Parliament in 2003 is expected to suggest raising the maximum penalty for distribution and possession of child pornography and broadening the definition to include material portraying “representations” of child pornography.

An Important Step in Denmark Concerning Child Trafficking

Child Centre for Children at Risk in the Baltic Sea Region, 01 December 2005

[accessed 7 May 2011]

In September 2005 The Danish Government made an appendix to the governmental plan of action to combat trafficking in women. The appendix includes child trafficking, primarily children trafficked in preparation for sexual exploitation.

Trafficking in children in Denmark

Red Barnet, Save the Children Denmark, Annual Report, 2003

[Last accessed 1 February 2011]

Children are sold to Denmark from impoverished countries to participate in crime, prostitution or both. This was documented in a study published by Save the Children Denmark in December 2003 (below).

Trafficking in Children to Denmark - December 2003 [PDF]

Save the Children Denmark, December 2003

[accessed 1 February 2011]

[page 16] SEXUAL EXPLOITATION - No actual statistics of registered trafficking victims exist in Denmark, or of trafficking victims of sexual exploitation. There is disagreement as to the extent to which foreign children suffer commercial sexual exploitation. Representatives from the Danish National Police force do not feel that the problem is particularly widespread, as they have no specific knowledge of trafficking in minors as a problem in Denmark. In a recent nationwide survey of massage clinics and brothels, police did not reportedly encounter children in these environments.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the Baltic Sea Region

Comprehensive report, March 1998 -- Source: The Baltic Sea States Support Group, Prime Minister's Office S-103 33, Stockholm · Sweden

[accessed 7 May 2011]

Statistical data on the issue of commercial sexual exploitation of children are lacking in every country in the Baltic Sea Region.

DENMARK - It is known to the Police that occasionally there are prostitutes of the age of 15 or 16 in the streets in Denmark (Danish National Police).

One in 12 children forced into world's 'worst forms' of labor: UNICEF UK

Agence France-Presse, London, February 21, 2005

[accessed 20 April 2012]

UNICEF UK said that 350 million children aged five to 17 worked, and that 180 million of them were "involved in the worst forms of child labour -- hazardous work, slavery, forced labor, in armed forces, commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities".

UNICEF UK lauded the pledge of developed countries, made more than 30 years ago, of allocating 0.7 percent of gross domestic product to development aid but regretted that only five countries today fulfill that promise -- Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Sweden.




ECPAT Global Monitoring Report on the status of action against commercial exploitation of children - DENMARK [PDF]

ECPAT 2006

[accessed 7 May 2011]

Largely, the prostitution of young people does not occur within ‘conventional’ settings more widely used to enable such crimes. Instead, studies appear to indicate that young persons come into contact with clients either through friends and acquaintances, through the Internet or through casual encounters.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 8 February 2020]

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS - The country was both a destination and a transit point for women and children who were trafficked from the former Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, Thailand, and Africa for the purposes of sexual exploitation and occasionally to work as thieves. Traffickers lured victims with the prospect of higher wages and a better life, then forced them into prostitution, often withholding their passports.

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