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In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025              'Ivoire.htm

Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Côte d’Ivoire is the world's largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans and a significant producer and exporter of coffee and palm oil. Despite government attempts to diversify the economy, it is still heavily dependent on agriculture and related activities, engaging roughly 68% of the population. Since 2006, oil and gas production have become more important engines of economic activity than cocoa.

Since the end of the civil war in 2003, political turmoil has continued to damage the economy, resulting in the loss of foreign investment and slow economic growth. GDP grew by nearly 2% in 2007 and 3% in 2008. Per capita income has declined by 15% since 1999.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]


CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast).  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.

HELP for Victims

International Organization for Migration
22 52 82 00
Country code: 225



Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – IVORY COAST – According to UNICEF, CSEC is an increasing problem in Ivory Coast. Victims are aged from 10 to 21 and it is children from disadvantaged backgrounds that are most vulnerable. Children from Ghana, Mali, Liberia and Nigeria living in the country are also victims. Students, especially from Dabou, are reported to be heavily engaged in prostitution to augment their family income, whereas in Daloa and San Pedro, child prostitution is an organized affair. Here, children are managed by pimps and made to provide sexual services to clients. Prostitution of boys is also on the rise in the country. Sex tourism is reported to be widespread in places like Abidjan, San Pedro, Bassam, Bouaké, Man and Daloa. Reports indicate that there are clubs that offer erotic massage services and involve children as young as 10 and 14 years of age.


*** ARCHIVES ***

ECPAT Country Monitoring Report [PDF]

Lina Djellali, ECPAT International, 2014

[accessed 26 August 2020]

Desk review of existing information on the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) in Côte-d'Ivoire. The report looks at protection mechanisms, responses, preventive measures, child and youth participation in fighting SEC, and makes recommendations for action against SEC.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 25 August 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The minimum age of consensual sex is 18. The law prohibits the use, recruitment, or offering of children for commercial sex or pornographic films, pictures, or events. Violators can receive prison sentences ranging from five to 20 years and fines of five million to 50 million CFA francs ($8,500 to $85,000). Statutory rape of a minor carries a punishment of one to three years in prison and a fine of 360,000 to one million CFA francs ($610 to $1,700).

In November 2018 armed gendarmes abducted a 14-year-old girl from an NGO in Abidjan that shelters child victims of human trafficking and abuse. There was no further information on the status of the case.

The country is a source, transit, and destination country for children subjected to trafficking in persons, including sex trafficking. During the year the antitrafficking unit of the National Police investigated several cases of suspected child sex trafficking.

2018 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, US Dept of Labor, 2019

[accessed 22 August 2020]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

[page 413]

Children from Côte d’Ivoire are subjected to human trafficking for forced labor in domestic work within the country and North Africa. Children are also brought from neighboring West African countries to Côte d’Ivoire for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor, including in begging, cocoa production, and artisanal mining. (1,3,10,15,16,22) In 2018, there were reports of child trafficking from Nigeria to mining regions, especially in northern Côte d’Ivoire, for commercial sexual exploitation. (21)

During the reporting period, police identified 7 infractions of child labor laws relating to trafficking and rescued 79 children. The MOJ is examining three individuals associated with these infractions, which are being heard as cases of economic and sexual exploitation of children. (7,21) All 79 children were received by or referred to the child and youth judiciary protection unit of the court. (7)

The Protection Project - Côte d’Ivoire [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Children have been trafficked to Côte d’Ivoire for forced agricultural work. Thousands of Malian children may be working on Ivorian farms. In September 2002, for example, an Ivorian national was arrested in the Sikasso area of Mali. Accompanying him were three children, whom he was allegedly attempting to bring into Côte d’Ivoire.  Child agricultural workers are exposed to dangerous pesticides and other hazards.  Furthermore, it is suspected that there is a high number of prostituted children in Côte d’Ivoire, including young Nigerian trafficking victims.

ECPAT: Analysis of CSEC in Seven Countries in West Africa

ECPAT International

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 5 May 2011]

CONFRONTING THE PROBLEM - There is very little awareness on the issue, not only on the part of the general population, but also on the part of politicians and policy makers. This is not to say that nothing is being done. On 29th January 1999, for example, thousands of children took to the streets in one city of Ivory Coast and demonstrated against the rising cases of pedophilia and other forms of child sex abuse in their country. There is an active network of individuals, numerous NGOs and other organizations that are tackling the problem.

Planning Intervention Strategies for Child Laborers in Côte d’Ivoire [PDF]

Creative Associates International, Inc., Planning Intervention Strategies for Child Laborers in Côte d’Ivoire, Final Report, 2002 -- Prepared for: United States Agency for International Development, Bureau for Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade, Office for Education, Africa Bureau

[accessed 30 January 2011]

[page 56]  4. PROSTITUTION - Because of the deterioration of the economic situation of the country, the prevalence of prostitution among both boys and girls is rapidly increasing. There are some children who work as street vendors, guards, or domestic workers and engage in occasional prostitution. The high prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the country is attributed to sexual promiscuity and the increase in prostitution. Pedophilia, child sexual exploitation, and rape are also increasing. SOS Violences Sexualles, Ivorian human rights NGO, states that about 15,000 to 20,000 women and children are raped every year.



Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 7 February 2020]

CHILDREN - Teachers sometimes gave good grades and money to students in exchange for sexual favors. The penalty for statutory rape or attempted rape of either a girl or a boy aged 15 years or younger was a 1- to 3-year prison sentence and a fine of $190 to $1,900.

TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS - The regular trafficking of children into the country from neighboring countries to work in the informal sector in exchange for finder's fees generally was accepted. Children were trafficked into the country from Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Mauritania for indentured or domestic servitude, farm labor, and sexual exploitation.

The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005'ivoire.htm

[accessed 30 January 2011]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - UNICEF estimated that 40.3 percent of children ages 5 to 14 years were working in Côte d’Ivoire in 2000. Some children working as domestics are subject to mistreatment, including sexual abuse. Children are also found working in prostitution.

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