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Human Trafficking
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The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century, 2000 to 2025                    

Argentine Republic (Argentina)

Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Although one of the world's wealthiest countries 100 years ago, Argentina suffered during most of the 20th century from recurring economic crises, persistent fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation, mounting external debt, and capital flight.  [The World Factbook, U.S.C.I.A. 2009]

Description: Description: Argentina

CAUTION:  The following links and accompanying text have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Argentina.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated, misleading or even false.   No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.



If you are looking for material to use in a term-paper, you are advised to scan the postings on this page and others to see which aspects of child prostitution are of particular interest to you.  You might be interested in exploring how children got started, how they survive, and how some succeed in leaving.  Perhaps your paper could focus on runaways and the abuse that led to their leaving.  Other factors of interest might be poverty, rejection, drug dependence, coercion, violence, addiction, hunger, neglect, etc.  On the other hand, you might choose to write about the manipulative and dangerous adults who control this activity.  There is a lot to the subject of Child Prostitution.  Scan other countries as well as this one.  Draw comparisons between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions.  Meanwhile, check out some of the Term-Paper resources that are available on-line.


Check out some of the Resources for Teachers attached to this website.


The Protection Project - Argentina [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Along the border between Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, young prostituted children and adolescents can be seen on the streets of towns such as Puerto Iguazu (Argentina), Foz do Iguazu (Brazil), and Ciudad del Este (Paraguay), and Puerto Iguazu (Argentina). In the region, close to 3,500 children below18 years of age are estimated to be victims of commercial sexual exploitation.

Report on the Worst Forms of Child Labour Compiled by the Global March Against Child Labour [PDF]

The Global March Against Child Labour Resource Centre, 20 September 2004

[accessed 11 September 2012]

CHILD PROSTITUTION - The number of prostituted children is reported to be increasing at an alarming rate and their average age is decreasing.  Argentina has a well-documented child sex trade related to the thriving sex-tourism sector.  Argentina is one of the favored destinations of pedophile sex tourists from Europe and the United States.


*** ARCHIVES ***

ECPAT Report on the scale, scope and context of the sexual exploitation of children [PDF]

ECPAT International, 2014

[accessed 26 August 2020]

[SPANISH] Desk review of existing information on the sexual exploitation of children (SEC) in Argentina. The report looks at protection mechanisms, responses, preventive measures, child and youth participation in fighting SEC, and makes recommendations for action against SEC.

Human Rights Reports » 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 10, 2020

[accessed 23 August 2020]

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION OF CHILDREN - The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and the sale, offering, or procuring of children for prostitution. Authorities generally enforced the law; however, sexual exploitation of children, including in prostitution, was a problem. The minimum age of consensual sex is 13, but there are heightened protections for persons ages 13 to 16. A statutory rape law provides for penalties ranging from six months to 20 years in prison, depending on the age of the victim and other factors.

In August a trial began for two priests and two nuns arrested in September 2018 for sexual abuse of minors. The accused worked at a group of schools for hearing-impaired children, the Antonio Provolo Institutes; a reported 67 students claimed abuses between 1983 and 2002. One of the accused, Nicola Corradi, had previously been found guilty of abuse while working at a school in Verona, Italy, his country of origin. On November 25, a court in Mendoza found Corradi and Horacio Corbacho guilty of child sexual abuse and sentenced them to 42 and 45 years in prison, respectively. Armando Gomez, a former school gardener, received an 18-year sentence.

The law prohibits the production and distribution of child pornography, with penalties ranging from six months to four years in prison. Following a multiyear effort, Congress amended the criminal code in 2018 to make the possession of child pornography a criminal offense.

During the year prosecutors from the nationwide Point of Contact Network against Child Pornography on the Internet pursued cases of internet child pornography. The network reported improvements on the national level in the ability to punish offenders. The City of Buenos Aires Public Ministry’s Judicial Investigative Bureau served as the primary point of contact for receiving and distributing child pornography leads from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children to prosecutors and police forces across the country.

On September 12, local authorities arrested a 71-year-old former policeman for involvement in a network of child pornography that victimized an estimated 1,200 children between four months and 14 years old since 2003. The man posed as a producer of youth television to lure his victims.

2018 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, US Dept of Labor, 2019

[accessed 22 August 2020]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

[page 145]

Although the extent of the problem is unknown, reports indicate that girls from Argentina’s Northern provinces are victims of human trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. (1,45) Bolivian children and children of Bolivian immigrants in Argentina engage in child labor in agriculture, production of bricks, and domestic service, and in forced child labor in the production of garments. (1,12,17,34,39,46) Reports also indicate that Paraguayan children are victims of human trafficking for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation in Argentina. (1,40,47)

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, April 10, 2002

[accessed 19 January 2011]

[60] The Committee is concerned that the phenomenon of child prostitution, especially in big cities, is increasing. It further notes that, although a National Plan of Action to Combat Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children was adopted in 2000, coordinated policies and programs on this issue have yet to be formulated.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action [DOC]

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – ARGENTINA – Argentina has developed a national plan of action against CSEC calling for six main areas of action: awareness raising and prevention; information and training; improving coordination through the strengthening of networks; strengthening the ability of children and adolescents to recognize situations where they are at risk of commercial sexual exploitation; legislation and legal procedures; and research. Within each area of action, there are specific objectives and activities.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

U.N. Economic and Social Council, Commission on Human Rights, Fifty ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 29 March 2011]

[27] Sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography are criminalized under a number of pieces of legislation that give effect to relevant international obligations.  The National Counsel for Children, Adolescents and the Family implements a number of programs to assist children, including programs aimed at the prevention of domestic violence, maltreatment and sexual abuse of children; for the rehabilitation of victims; for the provision of legal assistance to child victims and to those in conflict with the law; to assist children to return home or to return to school, and programs to assist parents to learn about their responsibilities.

Report On The Worst Forms Of Child Labour - 2005

The Global March Against Child Labour, 2005

[accessed 11 September 2012]

MEET A CHILD - Fernanda Aguirre, age 13, was kidnapped into forced prostitution in Argentina, in July 2004 in San Benito, a town in the Northeastern province of Entre Rios. Fernanda's mother has come across evidence that her daughter fell into the hands of a prostitution ring. The kidnappers demanded a ransom of $600. Although the ransom was paid, Fernanda never reappeared.

CHILD PROSTITUTION - Child and adolescent victims (of varying ages) of commercial sexual exploitation have been found within overt spaces for commercial sex: streets, service stations, plazas, and parks.  Victims of CSEC have also been found within covert spaces for commercial sex such as: saunas, brothels, whiskey bars, massage parlours, etc, within each of the cities studied by UNICEF.

Child Prostitution in Argentina

La Nación, May 13, 2001

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

Research undertaken for UNICEF Argentina has revealed an increase in the extent of child and adolescent prostitution in the country. While quantitative data remains elusive, the research concludes that the presence of young persons in the prostitution ‘circuit’ is not insignificant or merely isolated cases.

Child Prostitution

Shadow Villanueva, Founder, Darkness Against Child Abuse DACA

[accessed 29 March 2011]

The Ashgate report also says Argentina has a well-documented child sex trade related with the thriving sex-tourism sector. The CATW fact book says Argentina is one of the favored destinations of pedophile sex tourists from Europe and the United States.

Regional Governmental Congress on Sexual Exploitation of Children  [PDF]

María Orsenigo, National Council of Childhood, Adolescence and Family

[accessed 19 November 2016]




The Department of Labor’s 2004 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

U.S. Dept of Labor Bureau of International Labor Affairs, 2005

[accessed 19 January 2011]

Note:: Also check out this country’s report in the more recent edition DOL Worst Forms of Child Labor

INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF CHILD LABOR - Children in Argentina are involved in prostitution and sex tourism, and there are isolated reports of their involvement in pornography and drug trafficking. Children are trafficked to Argentina from Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay for sexual exploitation and labor.  Argentine children are trafficked from rural to urban areas of the country and there is some trafficking of children abroad, mainly into prostitution in Brazil and Paraguay.

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

[accessed 4 February 2020]

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [d] CONAETI worked with unions and other groups to train rural child labor monitors, and with provincial authorities in the tri-border area with Brazil and Paraguay to address child sexual exploitation. In 2004 congress acknowledged that the country lacked sufficient inspectors and programs to detect child labor or to rescue exploited children.

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