~ Course Outline ~

Aspects of Human Trafficking




This 3 credit seminar-style course surveys the broad spectrum of trafficking in humans in the 21st century, including both reactive and proactive methods of countering it at the international, national and local levels.  Students will engage with local school systems to present brief awareness-raising, cautionary talks along with strategies to detect and evade entrapment.


Part 1 -- Human Trafficking

Definitions and Discussion

v     Human Trafficking – What does that expression encompass?  Who does the trafficking?  Who are the trafficked?  What are the sociological factors?  What are the rewards, economic or otherwise, of trafficking?  Is there politics in Human Trafficking?

v     Migration, smuggling and the difference between trafficking and smuggling

v     Commodification of women

v     Commodification of children

v     Forced Labor - involuntary servitude in factories, farms, fishing vessels, and homes; and captured to serve as child soldiers.  Also used in street vending, mining, and stone quarries.  Religious teachers also traffic boys, called almajiri, for forced begging.

v     Debt Bondage – Is debt bondage acceptable vs. starvation?

v     Deception of Parents

v     Deception of Victims

v     Disappearances – Children & Adults

v     Evil beyond Belief – Extraordinary brutality

v     Exploitation of Aboriginals

v     Exploitation of Children

v     Exploitation of Refugees

v     Exploitation of Runaways

v     Forced Marriage – Is forced marriage acceptable when it is cultural?

v     Keeping Victims in Line

v     Kidnapping

v     Official Complicity

v     Poverty

v     Prevention

v     Progress

v     Progress needed

v     Prostitution – Should prostitution always be considered forced?  Should prostitution be made illegal?  Should the buying of sex be made illegal rather than the selling of sex?  Is there such a thing as voluntary prostitution, and is all prostitution  a form of Human Trafficking?

v     Rape

v     Rehabilitation

v     Religion & Slavery

v     Transfer of a Child For Purposes Of Exploitation –

v     Sale of babies

v     Sale of Organs

v     Slavery in the Home (Domestics)


Mapping Trafficking Activity

v     Analysis: Which broad geographic areas in the world rate poorly re: U.S. State Dept. Office of Trafficking in Persons Tier-ratings?

v     Analysis: Which broad geographic areas in the world rate poorly re: GDP

v     Analysis: Is it possible to draw a correlation between GDP and HT?  Why or Why not?



v     How do people become entrapped?

v     How can one recognize and avoid situations that may lead to entrapment?

v     What can you do to save yourself when you first suspect that you are being delivered to a buyer?

v     Why do people take chances and put themselves or others at risk?

v     How are victims kept in slave-like situations and prevented from escaping?



v     What can you do to escape after you have been enslaved?

v     Resources that might be accessible to people who are currently enslaved


Support for Rescued Victims of Trafficking

v     Assistance with repatriation --

v     Rehabilitation -- Temporary accommodations and job-training programs

v     T-visas – Why are they not being claimed?


Combating Human Trafficking


v     Tracing slavery in the supply chain – how can consumers avoid products that were produced with slave labor?

v     Legislation to punish traffickers

v     Access To And Conversion Of Victims To Potential Witnesses

v     Education for law enforcement officials


v     A worldwide volunteer network of local job-verification offices staffed by NGOs where targeted victims can inquire regarding the legitimacy of enticing opportunities that are offered to them.

v     Innovative public school programs to raise awareness in children so that they will be less likely to trust seemingly friendly acquaintances and make bad decisions that can have terrible consequences.

v     A long-term educational strategy to eliminate HT & Modern-day Slavery

v     National help lines

v     Plans of Action to combat HT


Relevant International Law

v     The Palermo Protocol


Relevant U.S. Domestic Law

v     Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, with subsequent reauthorization acts

v     The TIP report

v     Contesting the TIP report


Part 2 – Long-term consequences for Victims

v     Street Children -- A component of the street child population is made up of former victims of HT who have escaped to the street and work at begging, selling, prostitution, etc to survive.

v     The life of a street child –

v     Repatriation – How are victims treated when they return to their homes and families?




Reading List


Kevin Bales - Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy

Kevin Bales & Becky Cornell - Slavery Today: A Groundwork Guide

Kevin Bales & Ron Soodalter - The Slave Next Door

Kevin Bales - Modern Slavery: The Secret World of 27 Million People

Kevin Bales, Zoe Trodd, & Alex Kent Williamson - Modern Slavery: A Beginners Guide

Kevin Bales & Zoe Trodd (ed) - To Plead Our Own Cause: Personal Stories by Today’s Slaves

David Batstone - Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade - and How We Can Fight It

Nita Belles - In Our Backyard: A Christian Perspective on Human Trafficking in the United States

Aaron Cohen - Slave Hunter: One Man's Global Quest to Free Victims of Human Trafficking

Pam Cope with Aimee Molloy - Jansten’s Gift: A True Story of Grief, Rescue, and Grace

Kathryn Farr - Sex Trafficking: The Global Market in Women and Children

Teresa L. Flores with PeggySue Wells - The Slave Across the Street

Rahila Gupta - Enslaved: The New British Slavery

Siddharth Kara - Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery

Lisa Kristine (photography by) - Slavery

Maggy Lee - Trafficking and Global Crime Control

Joanna Lumley - Radhika's Story: Surviving Human Trafficking

Victor Malarek - The Natashas: Inside the New Global Sex Trade

Victor Malarek - The Johns: Sex for Sale and the Men Who Buy It

Somaly Mam - The Road of Lost Innocence

Julia O'Connell Davidson - Children in the Global Sex Trade

Louise Shelley - Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective

E. Benjamin Skinner - A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern-Day Slavery

Louisa Waugh - Selling Olga: Stories of Human Trafficking (Phoenix Paperback Series)




Research Papers

Papers must be printed on 8.5” x 11” white paper. A title page is required, containing the title of your paper, your name, and the date. Text is to be double spaced, using Times New Roman formatting with 12 point font. Pages must be numbered, though page one is never numbered. Grammar, punctuation, and spelling are graded.

A rough draft. is due in class on ______.   And the final research paper (a minimum of 30 pages)is due in class on ______.




Students in this course will be graded for weekly presentations and a final research paper. A student’s final grade for the course will be weighted as follows:

Attendance and participation 30%

Weekly presentations: 40%

Research Paper: 30%

Course Structure

Each week calls for intensive research in preparation for a ten-minute classroom presentation, followed by interactive class discussion.  Because of time constraints, not all students will have an opportunity to present every week but must be prepared to do so nonetheless.  Student will encounter ample topics for a final paper to be submitted at the conclusion of the course.

Class Participation & Assignments

The course is seminar-based, and as such requires active participation on the part of all students.