Trafficking, Country-by-Country ]
MEXICO (Tier 2) – Extracted from the
Dept 2020 TIP Report
Government of Mexico does not fully meet the minimum standards for the
elimination of trafficking but is making efforts to do so. The government
demonstrated increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period;
therefore Mexico remained on Tier 2. These efforts included investigating
and prosecuting more traffickers, such as the successful prosecution of a
transnational sex trafficking ring under their new accusatory system;
identifying more victims in Mexico and abroad; investigating and
prosecuting allegedly corrupt or complicit government officials, including
the conviction of a government official to 39 years’ imprisonment;
maintaining law enforcement cooperation with the United States; providing
increased resources for victim services; and initiating more investigations
as a result of hotline referrals. However, the government did not meet the
minimum standards in several key areas. The government convicted fewer
traffickers than in the previous year, although those convicted were
sentenced to significant prison terms; provided inadequate specialized
services for trafficking victims, which were unavailable in most parts of
the country; and maintained an inadequate number of shelters compared to
the scale of the problem. The government sometimes erroneously detained
trafficking victims during operations. The government investigated and
prosecuted few complaints of forced labor.
Increase efforts to investigate and
prosecute trafficking offenses, including
forced labor, at both the federal and state levels and sentence convicted traffickers to
significant prison terms.
• Increase victim
identification and referral, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrant
workers, indigenous populations,
and individuals in commercial sex using existing protocols.
• Increase efforts to
protect victims and witnesses testifying
against traffickers, while ensuring they are not coerced into testifying or inappropriately
misidentified as traffickers and unlawfully
detained. • Increase efforts to hold corrupt or
complicit public officials
accountable through effective prosecutions and sentence convicted officials to
significant prison terms.
• Develop and implement a national strategic
action plan on victim services in consultation
with international organizations and NGOs to include specialized trafficking victim services
and shelters for all victims, including
men, and funded by the government.
• Increase federal funding for law enforcement efforts and
victim services. • Increase the
capacity of federal and state specialized anti-trafficking prosecutors or units to respond more
effectively to trafficking cases,
through increased funding and staff training.
• Provide improved security and victim-centered
care to victims during judicial
proceedings to ensure their safety, avoid re-traumatization, and prevent unlawful detention. • Train
officials to seek or order restitution
for victims through the victim fund as provided by law.
• Increase capacity
and strengthen the labor inspection system,
particularly in the agricultural sector, and enforce laws to hold fraudulent foreign labor
• Finalize, implement, and allocate sufficient
resources to a national anti-trafficking
action plan that is coordinated across federal, state, and local authorities. • Strengthen
data collection efforts.