FASO (Tier 2 Watch List) –
in part from the U.S. State Dept
2023 TIP Report - Burkina Faso
The transition government of Burkina Faso
does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking
but is making significant efforts to do so. The transition government
demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared with the previous reporting
period, considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, if any, on its
anti-trafficking capacity; therefore Burkina Faso was upgraded to Tier 2.
These efforts included the transition government reporting prosecutions and
convictions of traffickers for the first time in four years and identifying
significantly more trafficking victims. The transition government drafted and
approved an anti-trafficking NAP and signed a handover protocol for the
transfer of children allegedly associated with armed groups, including
potential trafficking victims, to protection actors. However, the transition
government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas.
Substantial personnel turnover related to the September 2022 consolidation of
military power hindered Burkina Faso’s ability to maintain consistent
anti-trafficking efforts and accurately report on those efforts for this reporting
period. Officials did not effectively screen vulnerable populations for
trafficking indicators and likely inappropriately detained unidentified
trafficking victims for offenses committed as a direct result of being
trafficked. Shelter services, especially for adult victims, remained
insufficient. The transition government did not report any trafficking
investigations and courts issued fully suspended sentences to most convicted
traffickers. The national anti-trafficking committee did not meet or
coordinate anti-trafficking activities. The transition government did not
investigate or hold officials accountable for complicity in trafficking
Increase efforts to investigate and
prosecute trafficking crimes – including the forced recruitment or use
of children and official complicity in trafficking crimes – while
respecting due process; seek adequate penalties for convicted traffickers,
which should involve significant prison terms, as prescribed in the 2018
Fully implement the handover protocol for
children associated with non-state armed groups in collaboration with
international organizations; cease inappropriately detaining children for
offenses committed as a direct result of being trafficked and prioritize
reintegration of children allegedly associated with armed groups.
Increase the quantity and quality of
services available to all victims, including adults, in coordination with
Empower the national anti-trafficking
committee to coordinate the transition government’s anti-trafficking
response and implementation of its 2023-2025 NAP, including by providing
financial and in-kind resources and convening regular meetings.
Standardize and train front-line officials
throughout the country on SOPs to identify victims among vulnerable
populations, such as IDPs, labor migrants, children associated with non-state
armed groups, and women in commercial sex, and refer trafficking victims to
Increase nationwide trafficking data
collection and sharing on law enforcement and victim identification efforts.
Train law enforcement, prosecutors, and the
judiciary on investigating and prosecuting trafficking cases using the 2018
Increase oversight of labor recruitment
agencies and hold fraudulent labor recruiters criminally accountable.
Increase public awareness campaigns on all
forms of trafficking, including child forced begging and trafficking that
does not involve movement, in collaboration with civil society.