Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

Lecture Resources

 

[Lecture Resources | Resources for Teachers | Country-by-Country Reports ]

Rape

 

*** FEATURED ARTICLES ***

Sudan

Widespread Gang-Rape of Boy Slaves

Maria Sliwa, Freedom Now World News, Sudan, July 15, 2002

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 September 2011]

During a recent fact finding trip to Southern Sudan, Freedom Now World News discovered overwhelming evidence that young black, boy slaves are repeatedly gang-raped by their Arab masters. While previous reports on slavery have focused mainly on the gang-rape of female slaves, sociologist and investigative reporter, Maria Sliwa received testimony from numerous boy victims of rape.

Many of the redeemed slaves told Sliwa that in order to avoid rape, male slaves would try to escape but were hunted down like animals by their masters. The punishment for resisting rape is often severe beatings, death or limb amputation.

 

 

Pakistan

Pakistan court frees five alleged attackers in gang rape

Saeed Shah in Lahore, The Guardian, 21 April 2011

www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/apr/21/pakistan-gang-rape-mukhtaran-mai

[accessed 22 April 2011]

Mai's ordeal began after her 13-year-old brother was accused by a more powerful clan of having sex with one of their young women. He was then sodomised in a sugar cane field by the woman's brother, Abdul Khaliq, and two other men. There appears to be no basis for the original accusation.

A tribal council was assembled from Khaliq's clan, which ordered that Mai be punished for her brother's illicit sex by being raped, on the basis of eye-for-an-eye justice. Mai was forced at gunpoint by Khaliq into a stable, where he and other clan members raped her. She was then paraded naked around the village. Tradition dictated that Mai commit suicide, as the shame supposedly fell on her, but she decided to fight her tormentors.

The cruelty of Mai's case is repeated in the treatment of women across the country, with tribal councils regularly ordering young girls to be handed over in compensation for crimes committed by other family members, and women to be killed for "honour".

 

 

Canada

Social networking sites used for human-trafficking - Hundreds of Albertans get targeted each year

Andrew Hanon, Sun Media, November 11, 2007

www.kidsafecyberspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/SN-sites-used-for-human-trafficking-11-11-07.htm

[accessed 27 January 2011]

www.traffickingproject.org/2007/12/social-networking-sites-used-for-human.html

[accessed 6 September 2016]

They do most of their recruiting on social networking websites like Facebook and MySpace, choosing naïve or vulnerable victims for “grooming” who are right around 18 years old in order to avoid detection by authorities looking for predators after underage kids.

After four or five dizzyingly spectacular dates, the predator will invite her to a private party.

She will be gang-raped and subjected to unspeakable humiliation. She might be drugged.  “Her ‘boyfriend’ will tell her what’s expected of her,” Galvin said. “She’s told the event will occur anyways. She can either fight or submit to it, but it’s going to happen.”  She will be threatened with death if she goes to police. Her family might also be threatened.

 

 

Ethiopia

WANTED: the right to refuse

Maggie Black, Issue 337, New Internationalist, August 2001

www.newint.org/features/2001/08/05/wanted/

[accessed 4 February 2011]

Take a look at article one of the Supplementary Convention on Slavery and you will see as one definition: ‘Any practice whereby a woman, without the right to refuse, is given in marriage in payment of a consideration in money or in kind ...’

At the beginning of the 21st century being a child wife, even if it’s illegal, puts you in a limbo. You are invisible as either child or woman, because you have been married. What a man does to you once, if you are underage and single, is statutory rape. What he does to you night after night, if you are underage and married, is fine. In rural Ethiopia, no-one goes to help a girl of 10 when they hear her screaming out at night. It’s something she must learn to bear. After all, she is a wife.

 

 

Mexico

Rape Trees” Frame Arizona-Mexico Border: Grim Reminders of Human Trafficking

Sue Michaels,  ChattahBox News Blog, March 15, 2009

chattahbox.com/us/2009/03/15/%E2%80%9Crape-trees%E2%80%9D-frame-arizona-mexico-border-grim-reminders-of-human-trafficking/

[accessed 20 February 2011]

A recent report from the Cronkite News Service, a student-run news service of Arizona State University, shed the national spotlight on a new immigration problem plaguing the desert border towns of Arizona: so called “rape trees,” trees on the U.S. side of the border littered with women’s undergarments. Mexican drug cartel members and the coyotes, who smuggle immigrants across the border, are believed to rape the women as soon as they enter U.S. territory to instill fear, intimidate and control them. When the coyote-rapists are finished, they hang the women’s panties from the trees as trophies to mark their brutal conquests.

These “rape trees” are becoming more common along the Arizona border counties of Pima and Cochise, as coyotes and drug cartel members find human trafficking more lucrative than drug smuggling.

 

 

*** ARCHIVES ***

Australia

Trafficked Women 'Being Raped, Starved'

The Sydney Morning Herald, July 6, 2005

www.smh.com.au/news/National/Trafficked-women-being-raped-starved/2005/07/06/1120329497809.html

[accessed 19 January 2011]

There are at least 1,000 adult women in Australia in any one year who have been brought here to work as prostitutes and most have their passports removed and are subjected to violence and rape to "break them in".

 

 

Bahrain

Human Rights Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

U.S. Dept of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006

www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61686.htm

[accessed 20 January 2011]

SECTION 6 WORKER RIGHTS – [c] Labor laws do not apply to domestic servants. There were numerous credible reports that domestic servants, especially women, were forced to work 12‑ or 16‑hour days, given little time off, were malnourished, and were subjected to verbal and physical abuse, including sexual molestation and rape. Between 30 to 40 percent of the attempted suicide cases handled by the government's psychiatric hospitals were foreign maids.

Housemaids who have no embassy representation in the country (Indonesian and Sri Lankan) are often subject to the worst types of physical and sexual abuse. With no diplomatic mission to protect them and no established victim assistance shelter, runaway housemaids have often been returned by untrained police to abusing employers.

 

 

Bangladesh

Sexual Slavery in Southern California Today?  Epidemic, Say Officials

February 9, 2004 – Source: www.scientology.org/news-media/news/2004/040209.html

groups.yahoo.com/group/Shetubondhon/message/7981?l=1

[accessed 21 January 2011]

She was a teenage girl from an impoverished village in Bangladesh. The American couple offered her transport to America and a better life: a nice job as their nanny and housekeeper, wages and opportunity. The dream offer dissolved into a nightmare as soon as she reached sunny Southern California. The couple informed her she owed them a huge sum for bringing her into the country and forced her to work without wages for years in their home, where she was repeatedly raped and beaten by the husband and abused by the wife. After three failed attempts, and with the help of good Samaritans, she finally escaped.

 

 

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Sex slavery is a worldwide disgrace

Katie Kelberlau, Arizona State University ASU Web Devil, June 22, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

Victoria realized something was amiss when she noticed they were headed west, to Serbia. At the border, her "friend" handed her to a group of Serb men who raped her and sent her to Bosnia, where she was bought and sold 10 times over a two-year period by various brothel owners who forced her into a life of prostitution.

 

 

Bulgaria

Bulgaria Traffic in Women - Violence against women a western problem?

Susan Phillips, Z Magazine, June 2002

www.zcommunications.org/bulgaria-traffic-in-women-by-susan-phillips

[accessed 24 January 2011]

For young women from small towns and smaller options, Minkova says they are often lured by offers they find hard to resist. “They tell them, ‘you look great, you’re very nice, I think you’d make a great baby-sitter,” says Minkova. Minkova says that although some women go voluntarily, knowing they will be prostitutes, none are prepared for the cruel working conditions. Few women successfully escape from forced prostitution. But those who do, tell a grim story. Both Human Rights Watch and Animus report of repeated rapes and beatings by their captors. They are put through a process of psychological torture designed to make them compliant towards, and dependent on, the pimp. Traffickers confiscate their passports and papers. Often moved and sold, the trafficked women become unaware of even the country in which they are working. Former victims report being forced to work up to 20 hours a day. They receive little, if any, payment and are told they are in debt to their pimps. If they get pregnant, say the Animus volunteers, they are often left by the side of a road. Of all the money that exchanges hands, the sex workers themselves see little of it.

 

 

Burma

Sex Trafficking Growing In S.E.Asia

Fayen Wong, Reuters, Singapore, April 26, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

Girls from the villages of Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia and the Philippines are lured into cities or neighboring countries with promises of lucrative jobs as waitresses and domestic helpers, only to end up in massage parlors and karaoke bars.  Others are flown as far as Australia, Japan, South Africa and the United States to be kept as slaves in brothels -- beaten, drugged, starved or raped in the first days of their reclusion to intimidate and prepare them for clients, the experts say.

 

 

Burundi

Burundian's ordeal in Lebanon

BBC News, 27 June 2007

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6241214.stm

[accessed 25 January 2011]

We went through lots of ordeals.  The husband or son of the lady I worked for would often rape me. And there was no way you could complain: I felt they would not hesitate to kill me.  You just kept quiet. We were often beaten and tortured. They chose food for us, they would decide the clothes that we would put on, but being beaten was the most common practice.  There was little difference between prostitution and working as a maid because even when you chose house work, you would often be raped there.

 

 

Canada

Social networking sites used for human-trafficking - Hundreds of Albertans get targeted each year

Andrew Hanon, Sun Media, November 11, 2007

www.kidsafecyberspace.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/SN-sites-used-for-human-trafficking-11-11-07.htm

[accessed 27 January 2011]

www.traffickingproject.org/2007/12/social-networking-sites-used-for-human.html

[accessed 6 September 2016]

They do most of their recruiting on social networking websites like Facebook and MySpace, choosing naïve or vulnerable victims for “grooming” who are right around 18 years old in order to avoid detection by authorities looking for predators after underage kids.

After four or five dizzyingly spectacular dates, the predator will invite her to a private party.

She will be gang-raped and subjected to unspeakable humiliation. She might be drugged.  “Her ‘boyfriend’ will tell her what’s expected of her,” Galvin said. “She’s told the event will occur anyways. She can either fight or submit to it, but it’s going to happen.”  She will be threatened with death if she goes to police. Her family might also be threatened.

 

 

Congo DRC

The international community must immediately address ongoing conflict, military occupation, lawlessness, and impunity for ongoing acts of genocide and crimes against humanity, including widespread sexual violence, in DRC

Keith Harmon Snow, Survivors' Rights International (SRI), Press Release: June 2, 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 4 September 2011]

EQUATEUR PROVINCE: Eyewitnesses reports from different parts of Equateur indicate both transient soldiers and resident DRC government FAC (Forces Armee Congolaise) soldiers looting and destroying property; confiscating and occupying homes and schools; conscripting and brutalizing males for forced labor; raping women and girls; and abducting women and girls for prolonged periods of sexual slavery.

 

 

Croatia & Italy

A Human Trafficking Victim Speaks With RFE/RL

Ankica Barbir Mladinovic, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty RFE/RL, June 15, 2006

www.rferl.org/content/article/1069198.html

[accessed 30 January 2011]

"It happened abroad," says Martina, a 29-year-old trafficking victim from Zagreb. "I was sold for 3,500 euros [$4,400]. I was beaten, raped, forced against my will. They would put out cigarette butts on me and cut me with razors.

It was like a horror movie, she says. Martina was 19 years old at that time, trained as a cook. She lived in the suburbs of Zagreb and desired a better job and a better life. She met a young man who told her about his brother who had a restaurant in Italy, but who had a hard time finding good employees.

Martina was locked in a Rome apartment for two months. Instead of working in a restaurant, she was beaten and raped daily until she was “broken” and had become a sexual slave. Then, she says, the man who bought her took her out to the street.

 

 

Cyprus

The Protection Project - Cyprus [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/cyprus.doc

[Last accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - They learn the true nature of their occupations after arriving on the island. Many foreign cabaret dancers live lives of abuse and violence. At a minimum, they are deceived about the exact nature of their employment, sold by impresarios to cabaret owners, paid only a small fraction of the client’s fee or given no payment at all for a sexual transaction, and have little freedom of movement. They are often raped and beaten until they submit to performing a sexual service. Their passports are taken away, leaving them little avenue for escape or assistance

 

 

Czech Republic

Human Trafficking Casts Shadow on Globalization

Michele A. Clark, YaleGlobal , 23 April 2003

yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/human-trafficking-casts-shadow-globalization

[accessed 1 February 2011]

She was approached at work by a Czech man who promised her a lucrative job in Germany. Believing that she would be able to save money to ease her family's situation, she accepted the offer and left for the West, along with three other girls. Her fears began when her contact refused to return her passport after crossing the border, and were confirmed when she got to her destination - a sleazy bar on the outskirts of a German city. Once there, she was gang raped repeatedly to obtain her compliance, and eventually taken to Amsterdam's red light district where she was forced to become one of the many women behind the windows, making as much as US$80,000 tax free for her traffickers in her first year.

 

 

Czech Republic

Human trafficking campaign ends

Prague Post, 23 January 2008

www.praguepost.com/articles/2008/01/23/human-trafficking-campaign-ends.php

womensphere.wordpress.com/2008/01/26/human-trafficking-campaign-ends-czech-republic/

[accessed 31 January 2011]

Although some details may not be known, the general picture of sex trafficking in the Czech Republic follows a pattern, according to IOM information.  Women forced into prostitution are often lured here by seemingly legitimate jobs such as cleaning or babysitting. After they arrive they have their personal papers taken away and their will broken by rape, beatings and threats. They are then told that they have a debt to repay and are sold from trafficker to trafficker, thereby increasing the amount owed to impossible levels.

THE TRUE STORY OF A TRAFFICKED WOMAN - After Lithuania joined the European Union, in May 2004, Marja traveled across Italy. After about two weeks, due to unexpected expenses, she ran out of money. This is when her friend, also originally from Lithuania, offered her a well-paid job in Prague. They traveled to the Czech Republic in another friend's car. Since they were now both EU citizens, crossing the borders was smooth and easy. Late in the evening they reached a town, whose name Marja didn't notice at the time. They were both tired and decided to stay overnight.

In the morning, Marja discovered that the doors to her room were locked and that her papers and mobile phone were missing. A stranger entered her room, a man, who told her in Russian that she owed a lot of money for the transport and accommodation. There was a customer already waiting for her downstairs. When Marja realized that she was expected to work as a prostitute, she pointedly refused. On that day she was, for the first time, brutally beaten and raped numerous times.

In the following weeks, death threats to both her and her family in Lithuania, beatings and food deprivation, for even the slightest misbehavior, became part of Marja's life. She can't say for exactly how long this went on. She started following the orders of the nightclub owner. She even pretended to be happy. As she puts it, all that she felt inside was the desire to survive and to not be hit anymore.

 

 

Ethiopia

WANTED: the right to refuse

Maggie Black, Issue 337, New Internationalist, August 2001

www.newint.org/features/2001/08/05/wanted/

[accessed 4 February 2011]

Take a look at article one of the Supplementary Convention on Slavery and you will see as one definition: ‘Any practice whereby a woman, without the right to refuse, is given in marriage in payment of a consideration in money or in kind ...’

At the beginning of the 21st century being a child wife, even if it’s illegal, puts you in a limbo. You are invisible as either child or woman, because you have been married. What a man does to you once, if you are underage and single, is statutory rape. What he does to you night after night, if you are underage and married, is fine. In rural Ethiopia, no-one goes to help a girl of 10 when they hear her screaming out at night. It’s something she must learn to bear. After all, she is a wife.

 

 

Ghana

The Tragedy of Female Slavery in Ghana

Brian Carnell, EquityFeminism, February 12, 2001

aconspiracyofhope.blogspot.com/2010_10_01_archive.html

[accessed 16 August 2012]

According to the American Anti-Slavery Group, until the 18th century the offering typically took the form of livestock or other gifts, but that began to change and priests began demanding, and receiving, virgin girls as atonement for the sins of their relatives.  Girls, often under the age of 10, are brought to the priest, ritually stripped of all their possessions, including clothes, and told they have to do anything the priest tells them. Most girls are raped repeatedly.

 

 

Greece

IHF-HR: "A Form of Slavery: Trafficking in Women in OSCE Member States" - Country Reports - GREECE

International Helsinki Federation For Human Rights IHF-HR, July 2000

www.greekhelsinki.gr/english/reports/ihf-wit-july-2000-greece.html

[accessed 7 February 2011]

Regarding the coercion of victims, the following methods were uncovered:

o    Their documents are kept in order to stop them from escaping.

o    They are often raped, kept without food or water or unable to use the toilet in order to make them more “willing to cooperate”.  

o    If they come from religious families, offenders threaten to tell the victims’ parents or relatives, even videotapes are secretly made for the purpose of blackmail.

There are seldom injuries or beating that could “spoil” the future exploitation of the woman. Often, women are forced to see over fifty “customers” per day, to the extent that they lose a sense of time and space and lose consciousness. Recently, a thirteen-year-old girl managed to get to the police and escape her imprisonment and torture. She had been brought illegally and forcefully from Albania in order to work as a prostitute. She had been imprisoned for six months

 

 

India

Anti Trafficking -Save Our Sisters Movement (SOS)

Robert I. Freidman, "India's Shame" Sexual Slavery and Political Corruption Are Leading to an AIDS Catastrophe," - The Nation, 8 April 1996

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 6 September 2011]

EVERY HOUR, FOUR WOMEN AND GIRLS IN INDIA ENTER PROSTITUTION, THREE OF THEM AGAINST THEIR WILL - 13-year-old Mira of Nepal was offered a job as a domestic worker in Mumbai, India. Instead she arrived at a brothel on Mumbai's Falkland Road, where tens of thousands of young women are displayed in row after row of zoo-like animal cages. Her father had been duped into giving her to a trafficker. When she refused to have sex, she was dragged into a torture chamber in a dark alley used for 'breaking-in' new girls. She was locked in a narrow, windowless room without food or water. On the fourth day, one of the madam's goondas (thug) wrestled her to the floor and banged her head against the concrete until she passed out. When she awoke, she was naked; a "rattan" cane smeared with pureed red chilli peppers shoved into her vagina. Later she was raped by the goonda. Afterwards, she complied with their demands. The madam told Mira that she had been sold to the brothel for 50,000 rupees (about US$ 1,700), that she had to work until she paid off her debt. Mira was sold to a client who became her pimp.'

 

 

Iran

Most runaway girls in Iran raped within first 24 hours

Iran Focus, London, 12 July 2005

www.wfafi.org/E-ZanVol14.htm

[accessed 2 September 2014]

www.iranfocus.com/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2827:most-runaway-girls-in-iran-raped-within-first-24-hours-official&catid=6:women&Itemid=111

[accessed 6 June 2017]

 [scroll down to Iran Focus – July 12, 2005]

Most runaway girls in Iran are raped within the first 24 hours of their departure, according to an Iranian government official speaking to the BBC.

Dr. Hadi Motamedi, the head of Social Ills Prevention Unit of the Health Ministry, said that the majority of such victims are rejected by their families if they choose to return after having been raped.

Iran has one of the highest record of runaway girls and women in the world.

 

 

Iraq

Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism in Afghanistan and Iraq

Hannibal Travis, Volume 3, Northwestern University Journal Of International Human Rights, April 8, 2005

papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=758904

[accessed 12 July 2013]

¶ 113  Women suffered along with many other Iraqis as a result of the war to oust Saddam.  A breakdown of law and order after the fall of Iraq's government resulted in the rapes of hundreds of Iraqi women.  Violent deaths of men, women and children tripled.  Young girls are being sold into slavery.  Many women are too afraid even to leave their homes, let alone participate actively in developing a secular government that respects the equal rights of its citizens.

 

 

Japan

NPA uncovers 29 cases of human trafficking, but report says much more is needed

14 July 2005 -- Source: www.asahi.com/english/Herald-asahi/TKY200507140336.html

www.childtrafficking.org/cgi-bin/ct/main.sql?ID=1730&file=view_news.sql&TITLE=-1&TOPIC=-1&YEAR=-1&LISTA=No&GEOG=-1&FULL_DETAIL=Yes

[accessed 16 February 2011]

The problem of human trafficking continues on a wide scale in Japan, according to a report from nongovernmental organization Japan Network Against Trafficking in Persons (JNATIP).

They have been lied to, abused and trapped in the seedy sex industry where defiance is punishable by gang rapes. And until recently, these foreign women were viewed as lawbreakers, not victims.  Yet the problem of human trafficking continues on a wide scale in Japan, according to a report from nongovernmental organization Japan Network Against Trafficking in Persons (JNATIP).

 

 

Macedonia

Trapped in Macedonia

Pravda.Ru, 11.05.2002

english.pravda.ru/news/russia/11-05-2002/42461-0/

[accessed 19 February 2011]

MSNBC reports that on buses and cars and crossing borders on foot Natasha followed a path to sex slavery trodden by thousands of other hapless women, passing, under the watchful eyes of a gang of Balkans thugs, through Romania, Serbia and Kosovo before ending up in Macedonia. In Veleshta, a key transit town in the sex trade where women are beaten and raped into submission, Natasha was bought by Meti, an ethnic Albanian pimp wanted by the Macedonian police on smuggling and prostitution charges.

 

 

Mexico

Rape Trees” Frame Arizona-Mexico Border: Grim Reminders of Human Trafficking

Sue Michaels,  ChattahBox News Blog, March 15, 2009

chattahbox.com/us/2009/03/15/%E2%80%9Crape-trees%E2%80%9D-frame-arizona-mexico-border-grim-reminders-of-human-trafficking/

[accessed 20 February 2011]

A recent report from the Cronkite News Service, a student-run news service of Arizona State University, shed the national spotlight on a new immigration problem plaguing the desert border towns of Arizona: so called “rape trees,” trees on the U.S. side of the border littered with women’s undergarments. Mexican drug cartel members and the coyotes, who smuggle immigrants across the border, are believed to rape the women as soon as they enter U.S. territory to instill fear, intimidate and control them. When the coyote-rapists are finished, they hang the women’s panties from the trees as trophies to mark their brutal conquests.

These “rape trees” are becoming more common along the Arizona border counties of Pima and Cochise, as coyotes and drug cartel members find human trafficking more lucrative than drug smuggling.

 

 

Pakistan

Pakistan court frees five alleged attackers in gang rape

Saeed Shah in Lahore, The Guardian, 21 April 2011

www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/apr/21/pakistan-gang-rape-mukhtaran-mai

[accessed 22 April 2011]

Mai's ordeal began after her 13-year-old brother was accused by a more powerful clan of having sex with one of their young women. He was then sodomised in a sugar cane field by the woman's brother, Abdul Khaliq, and two other men. There appears to be no basis for the original accusation.

A tribal council was assembled from Khaliq's clan, which ordered that Mai be punished for her brother's illicit sex by being raped, on the basis of eye-for-an-eye justice. Mai was forced at gunpoint by Khaliq into a stable, where he and other clan members raped her. She was then paraded naked around the village. Tradition dictated that Mai commit suicide, as the shame supposedly fell on her, but she decided to fight her tormentors.

The cruelty of Mai's case is repeated in the treatment of women across the country, with tribal councils regularly ordering young girls to be handed over in compensation for crimes committed by other family members, and women to be killed for "honour".

 

 

Peru

Report: Japan Sex Industry Ensnares Latin Women

Associated Press AP, Lima Peru, April 30, 2005

www.pixies-place.com/forums/showthread.php?t=24929

[accessed 18 July 2013]

He said a typical trafficking scenario is that of Irene Oblitas, a Peruvian who told her story last year to her country's media. She said that in 1998 she boarded a plane with three Japanese businessmen who had promised her a job in a plastics factory.

When she arrived she was raped by all three men and sold to a Yakuza organized crime boss, who branded her across the chest with a 6-inch (15-centimeter) rose tattoo. He forced her to provide sexual services to up to 40 clients a day, she said.

 

 

Romania

Human Trade, Slave Markets, The Buying And Selling Of People

Amnesty International, October 5, 2005

www.angelfire.com/ultra2/lilja/action.html

[accessed 13 June 2013]

VIOLENCE AND THREATS – For most of these women and girls, as soon as their journey begins, so does the systematic abuse of their rights, in a strategy that reduces them to dependency on their trafficker, and later their “owner”. The realization grows that the work they have been offered is not what was promised; their documents are taken away from them; they may be beaten; they will—almost certainly if they start to protest—be raped.

Although some women are not aware until they reach their destination that they have been sold, other have seen money change hands, or have been raped by buyers when they “try the merchandise”. Women are often sold several times before reaching their destination. Escape is almost impossible. Without her travel documents, a woman is likely to be arrested for immigration or other offences. But probably more pertinently, trafficked women are usually trapped by threats, coercion, or literally being locked inside.

 

 

Saudi Arabia

President Wahid: Slavery Widespread in Saudi Arabia

Indonesian Observer, JAKARTA, March 2, 2000

www.malaysia.net/lists/sangkancil/2000-03/msg00055.html

[accessed 21 December 2010]

He expressed concern that many Saudis may treat their Indonesian servants as slaves and sexually harass them.  Many Indonesian women who have worked abroad come home with horror stories of being raped and badly treated by their foreign bosses.

But according to Wahid, the Indonesian media often makes inaccurate reports on what goes on in Saudi Arabia.  "The media’s descriptions created a public perception that our women workers were raped. The situation is not like that. The Saudi people still believe in the old Islamic teaching, which is belief in slavery. So a woman who works for them is considered a slave," he said.  For some men in Saudi Arabia, sexual relations with a housemaid are not considered as rape, because they believe that such a practice is permitted by their beliefs, he added.

 

 

South Africa

Human traffickers aim to exploit 2010

Vivian Attwood, Independent Online (IOL) News, 19 February 2009

www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/human-traffickers-aim-to-exploit-2010-1.435090

[accessed 23 December 2010]

TRUSTED - They were approached by people they knew, and therefore trusted, to leave their homes. En route, they were raped and had their documents confiscated. Some were sold to mine workers in SA, and others were destined for brothels.   The undercover investigation team making the video posed as prospective "clients," asking one trafficker: "How many women can you get us?"   "Depends how many you need," was the response.   When asked what a woman cost, he replied "R1 000, and maybe R150 for the border official."   "How do you make sure the women don't run away when they find they aren't going to be waitressing, but doing sex work?" the interviewer asked.   "Sometimes we rape them. We call it 'washing the hands'," the trafficker said.

 

 

Sudan

Widespread Gang-Rape of Boy Slaves

Maria Sliwa, Freedom Now World News, Sudan, July 15, 2002

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 September 2011]

During a recent fact finding trip to Southern Sudan, Freedom Now World News discovered overwhelming evidence that young black, boy slaves are repeatedly gang-raped by their Arab masters. While previous reports on slavery have focused mainly on the gang-rape of female slaves, sociologist and investigative reporter, Maria Sliwa received testimony from numerous boy victims of rape.

Many of the redeemed slaves told Sliwa that in order to avoid rape, male slaves would try to escape but were hunted down like animals by their masters. The punishment for resisting rape is often severe beatings, death or limb amputation.

 

UK

Scotland's 6000 Sex Slaves

Richard Elias, Daily Record, Feb 22 2006

www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/2006/02/22/scotland-s-6000-sex-slaves-86908-16731536/

[accessed 3 January 2011]

Brutal gangsters imprison the terrified girls in brothels, rape them repeatedly to break their spirits, and force them to have sex with up to 60 men each per day. Around 7000 women in Scotland work as escorts, or sell their bodies in massage parlours or saunas. And senior cops believe that 85 per cent of them - approximately 6000 - are sex slaves trafficked into Britain from eastern Europe and elsewhere.

Skelly said: "Trafficked girls do not work on the street because there is a lack of control there for the gangs.  "Instead, the girls are kept as virtual prisoners inside a house or a sauna, where they are much easier to keep an eye on. They work very long hours and are hardly allowed out at all."  Many of the girls are virgins when they arrive and the crooks gangrape them to "break them in".  Rape is also used as a punishment for girls who disobey.

 

 

USA

Horror of teen sex slavery not foreign woe; it's here

Alan Johnson, The Columbus Dispatch, January 25, 2009

www.dispatch.com/live/content/local_news/stories/2009/01/25/traffic.ART_ART_01-25-09_B1_VFCLSF9.html?sid=101

[accessed 9 January 2011]

www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2009/01/25/traffic.ART_ART_01-25-09_B1_VFCLSF9.html

[accessed 29 June 2017]

Minutes after getting a call, Flores would silently slip out of the house, cut through the backyard and get in a car waiting at the curb. She would then be whisked away from her home in an affluent Detroit suburb to homes and hotels, anonymous places where she was forced to have sex for hours with strangers.

"I can't describe to you the feeling of terror. No child should ever have to know that kind of fear. I didn't know what I was going to have to endure that night, for how long, or if I was going to come back home."

What started innocently with Flores' infatuation with an older male classmate turned to date rape caught on film by some of the rapist's friends. They used the photos to blackmail the girl into sexual slavery that lasted two years and involved hundreds of men.

 

 

Zimbabwe

Reports of Rape and Torture Inside Zimbabwean Militia

Michael Wines, The New York Times, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, December 28, 2003

www.nytimes.com/2003/12/28/world/reports-of-rape-and-torture-inside-zimbabwean-militia.html

[accessed 17 January 2011]

For Ms. Siyangapi's secret was not merely her own. Her appearance was also testimony to one of the least documented — and most brutal — practices of the military enforcers of Zimbabwe's authoritarian government, enforcers from whom she now has to hide. Ms. Siyangapi told listeners that month that she had been abducted from a Bulawayo street market in November 2001 and forcibly enrolled in the National Youth Service, a ragtag, government-run paramilitary group formed three years ago by the government to stifle growing political dissent among Zimbabwe's civilians.  Her duties, however, were not political: during her nine-month stay in a training camp and later at a paramilitary base, she said, she was raped almost nightly, sometimes several times a night, by some of the hundreds of young male conscripts there.  To the extent she had proof, she offered it to the crowd: a 6-month-old baby girl named Nocthula, or Peace.  "At night, they removed the globes from the light sockets," Ms. Siyangapi, 22, said in an interview at a hide-out in South Africa, to which she fled after escaping Bulawayo in July. "Sometimes there were 10 boys. They didn't leave until 3 a.m. If you cried, you were beaten."

Amnesty International documented cases of rape within the Youth Service in a report released in April. The Amani Trust, perhaps the most active human rights group currently in Zimbabwe, has estimated that as many as 1,000 women are being held in Youth Service camps as sexual servants. The trust, an affiliate of the International Council for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture, assists victims of political violence.

 

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