Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

Lecture Resources

 

[Lecture Resources | Resources for Teachers | Country-by-Country Reports ]

Kidnapping

 

Afghanistan

Campaign under way to raise awareness of child trafficking

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, KABUL, 24 February 2004

www.irinnews.org/report/23128/afghanistan-campaign-under-way-to-raise-awareness-of-child-trafficking

[accessed 24 February 2015]

According to the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), human trafficking - particularly child kidnapping and abduction - were identified as one of the most serious rights violations in recent months in Afghanistan, despite improvements in the situation of children in the war-weary country.

AIHRC said that although exact figures were hard to come by, in the last five months of 2003 over 300 complaints had been received from the families of children who had disappeared. "The commission is aware that many children are flown to Gulf countries, in particular Saudi Arabia, for labour purposes," the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said on Sunday, quoting AIHRC.

 

 

Albania

Replenish rock band see “evils of human trafficking” in Albania

Inspire Magazine

www.inspiremagazine.org.uk/news.aspx?action=view&id=931

[accessed 18 January 2011]

During the five-day trip, Ross Gill, Harun Kotch and Darren Lewis from the band Replenish met women and children who had been victims of trafficking, including Nazire*, a young woman who had been abducted at knifepoint and trafficked to Greece, where she was forced into prostitution. Nazire’s family was later able to secure her release but because she reported her kidnappers to the police, she and her family live in constant fear of reprisals.

 

 

Algeria

Protection Project Country Report [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/algeria.doc

[accessed 2009]

FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE TRAFFICKING INFRASTRUCTURE - The nation has been home to severe political and civil unrest for many years. As a result of the political situation in particular, many armed fundamentalist and terrorist organizations are currently active within the country. Those organizations frequently kidnap and abduct young Algerian women and force them into temporary marriages or subject them to rape and extreme physical violence. In many cases, those women are subsequently murdered by their captors.

 

 

Benin, Togo, Nigeria & Gabon

New Global Treaty to Combat "Sex Slavery"

United Nations Department of Public Information, DPI/2098, February 2000 -- Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders

books.google.com/books/about/New_Global_Treaty_to_Combat_sex_Slavery.html?id=oQF1PAAACAAJ

[accessed 3 September 2014]

CHILDREN SOLD OR KIDNAPPED - According to Anti-Slavery International, children aged 8 to 15 years are "recruited" or kidnapped from backward villages of the poorest countries in Africa, such as Benin or Togo, and sold as slaves to households, plantations or brothels in neighbouring countries, including Nigeria and Gabon.

 

 

Benin & Nigeria

In The Northwest: Bully for those combating worldwide slave trade

Joel Connelly, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 20, 2003

www.seattlepi.com/connelly/144536_joel20.html

[accessed 23 January 2011]

Nigeria (Tier 2) has just rescued 74 child workers -- as young as age 4 -- who were kidnapped from their native Benin and forced to work in granite pits. Thirteen children in the group had reportedly died.

Human trafficking remains huge -- about 6,000 children remain at work in Nigeria's granite pits.

 

 

Bulgaria

Human Trafficking Epidemic In Bulgaria

Make Way Partners, 27 Dec 2006

www.makewaypartners.org/Humantraffickingepidemicinbulgaria.htm

[accessed 24 January 2011]

Human trafficking and drug smuggling were epidemic in Bulgaria and Romania, Reuters news agency said.  Thousands of women, some of them aged only 13, are kidnapped or tempted with offers for well-paid jobs, and sold into prostitution to human-trafficking gangs every year.

 

 

Cambodia

If This Isn’t Slavery, What Is?

Nicholas D. Kristof, The New York Times, January 3, 2009

www.nytimes.com/2009/01/04/opinion/04kristof.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1296065816-3pb0r4CxV45Gkm0cjVOW+g

[accessed 26 January 2011]

Pross was 13 and hadn’t even had her first period when a young woman kidnapped her and sold her to a brothel in Phnom Penh. The brothel owner, a woman as is typical, beat Pross and tortured her with electric current until finally the girl acquiesced.   She was kept locked deep inside the brothel, her hands tied behind her back at all times except when with customers.   Brothel owners can charge large sums for sex with a virgin, and like many girls, Pross was painfully stitched up so she could be resold as a virgin. In all, the brothel owner sold her virginity four times.   Pross paid savagely each time she let a potential customer slip away after looking her over.   “I was beaten every day, sometimes two or three times a day,” she said, adding that she was sometimes also subjected to electric shocks twice in the same day. - htcp

 

 

China

China police crack human trafficking ring: report

Agence France-Presse AFP, Beijing, Jul 13, 2008

www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2008/07/15/2003417506

[accessed 17 August 2014]

Police have arrested 18 people suspected of kidnapping children and women in southwest China and trafficking them across the country, state press reported Monday.  Eight victims, including one child who was kidnapped and sold only seven days after being born, were rescued, the Beijing News said.  Police began investigating the crimes when several children in Yunnan province began disappearing in May, the report said.

Trafficking of women and children remains a problem in China with many sociologists blaming the nation's "one child" family planning policy for fuelling the crime.  Under the policy, aimed at controlling the world's largest population of over 1.3 billion, people who live in urban areas are generally allowed one child, while rural families can have two if the first is a girl.  This has put a premium on baby boys, while baby girls are often sold off as couples try for a male heir.

 

 

China

China Arrests Nine for Human Trafficking

Xinhua News Agency, July 25, 2007

www.christiantoday.com/article/china.arrests.nine.for.human.trafficking/11849.htm

[accessed 28 January 2011]

Chinese police raided a human trafficking ring and arrested nine people for kidnapping and selling children in northwestern and central China, state media reported on Wednesday.

The traffickers snatched more than 20 children and sold some in Hongtong county in the northern province of Shanxi, where kidnapped teenagers and children were found working as slaves in brick kilns in a widely publicised scandal, the Xinhua news agency said.

Xinhua said two of the kidnappers, Wang Aizhong and Li Caimei, tricked kids to get on to their motorcycle on their way to school or broke into houses to snatch babies.

 

 

Columbia

Human trafficking's dirty profits and huge costs

Inter-American Development Bank, Nov 2, 2006

www.iadb.org/news/detail.cfm?language=English&ARTID=3357&id=3357

[accessed 30 January 2011]

CASES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN - In Colombia, more than 14,000 children are kidnapped each year and forced to become soldiers for the paramilitary or other militia forces, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Report, 2003.

 

Columbia

'Street of the Damned' Loses its Daughters; Colombian Kidnappers Target Poor Children

Anthony Faiola, Washington Post Foreign Service, April 27, 1999

www.libertadlatina.org/Latin_America_Cases_Colombia_p1.htm

[accessed 30 January 2011]

Like a nightmarish fairy tale in which young girls are spirited away by monsters, five were abducted from this three-block stretch of 125th Street in Bogota's Miguelito neighborhood from November 1995 to July 1997. Not one has been found.

 

 

Congo DRC

Eastern Congo: Kidnapped Boy Returns From Slavery

World Food Programme, Dungu, 18 March 2009

www.wfp.org/stories/kidnapped-boy-returns-from-slavery

[accessed 30 January 2011]

SEARCH FOR FRESH RECRUITS - On the morning of September 17 a group of LRA fighters flooded into Duru in search of food, supplies and fresh recruits. “One hundred and eight children were taken from Duru,” Dieudonné said. “Sixty from that one school alone.”  The students were forced to walk north for two days, into the bush of Garamba National Park near the Sudanese border where the LRA had their camps.  “They told us they wanted to train us as soldiers,” Dagumba said during an interview at the Ugandan army camp where he is receiving medical treatment for his swollen feet. Instead, Dagumba says, he was made to work as a slave – hoeing fields, carrying loads and building shelters in the LRA camp.

 

 

France

UN expert urges France, Chad to probe children case

Xinhua News Agency, Geneva, Nov. 6, 2007

mathaba.net/news/?x=569919

[accessed 5 February 2011]

Some members of the French NGO, named Arche de Zoe, were arrested in Chad on Oct. 25, following its alleged attempt to abduct and transfer 103 children to France for alleged adoption.  The NGO had claimed that its operation was aimed to help orphan refugees from Sudan's Darfur region. But international humanitarian organizations say many of the children were Chadian and they had parents.

 

 

India

March denounces child trafficking

BBC News, 25 February 2007

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6395649.stm

[accessed 11 February 2011]

LURED BY SWEETS - Kailash Satyarthi, chairman of the Global March Against Child Labour, says South Asia is a major source, destination and transit area for child trafficking of all forms.  “Children are being taken for forced labour and bonded labour," he says.

"Children are being used for child marriages. Child prostitution is of course there, then a lot of children are taken as camel jockeys."  Thousands of children work in roadside food stalls

Some children, he says, are kidnapped and sold so their organs can be harvested for transplant operations.

One of the young marchers is a boy of 13 who says he was lured from his village in Bihar by a man with sweets, kidnapped, and taken to Punjab where he was made to work 12 hours a day, every day.

 

India

Modern Slavery

Ricco Villanueva Siasoco, infoplease, April 18, 2001

www.infoplease.com/spot/slavery1.html

[accessed 12 February 2011]

CHILD "CARPET SLAVES" IN INDIA - Kidnapped from their villages when they are as young as five years old, between 200,000 and 300,000 children are held captive in locked rooms and forced to weave on looms for food. In India—as well in other countries—the issue of slavery is exacerbated by a rigid caste system.

 

 

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan - The Kidnapped Bride

Petr Lom, Frontline World, March 2004

www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/kyrgyzstan/thestory.html

[accessed 17 February 2011]

When the bride does arrive, she is dragged into the groom's house, struggling and crying. Her name is Norkuz, and it turns out she has been kidnapped from her home about a mile away.

As the women of the groom's family surround Norkuz and hold down both of her hands, they are at once forceful and comforting, informing her that they, too, were kidnapped. The kidnappers insist that they negotiated the abduction with Norkuz's brother, but her sister, a lawyer from Osh, arrives to protest that her sister is being forced to marry a stranger. Ideally in Kyrgyz circles, a bride's family gets a price for their daughter, but Norkuz is 25 -- considered late to marry -- and the women remind her she is lucky she was kidnapped at all.

 

 

Laos

Powell Cites Exploitation In 10 Nations

Associated Press AP, June 15, 2004

www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A41729-2004Jun14.html

[accessed 17 February 2011]

Khan was 11 years old when she was kidnapped from her home in the hill country of Laos. She was taken to an embroidery factory in Thailand, and with dozens of other children was made to work 14 hours a day for food and clothing. They received no wages.

 

 

Lesotho

The Protection Project - Lesotho [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/lesotho.doc

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING – Children from rural areas of the country who are escaping hardship and the effects of HIV/AIDS gravitate toward Maseru, where they are coerced or kidnapped by Afrikaans-speaking white South Africans. They are taken across the border in private cars to asparagus farms and border towns in eastern Free State. There they are held captive in private homes, where they suffer a particularly “sadistic and macabre” sort of exploitation. The children are often locked in the house and left alone during the day; at night they are violently raped and verbally and sexually assaulted by groups of white men.

 

 

Mali

Mali's children in chocolate slavery

Humphrey Hawksley in Mali, BBC News, 12 April 2001

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1272522.stm

[accessed 20 February 2011]

At a run-down police station in Sikasso, a small town in Mali, the files on missing children are endless.  The sad truth is that many have been kidnapped and sold into slavery. The going price is about US$30.  The local police chief is in no doubt where the children have gone. "It's definitely slavery over there," he said. "The kids have to work so hard they get sick and some even die."

 

 

Mexico

News Investigation Into The Plight Of Young Women Forced Into Horror Of Prostitution

Nicole Bode, New York Daily News, Apr 02, 2005

www.nydailynews.com/archives/news/streets-mexico-sad-streets-queens-news-investigation-plight-young-women-forced-horror-prostitution-article-1.574551

[accessed 13 June 2013]

Before the night is over, the girls of "Zona Rosa" - a notorious red-light district just a few blocks from the main tourist drag in this Mexican border town - will make as much as $250 each by selling sex.  It's cold-blooded sexual slavery - forced prostitution that began when they were kidnapped from their small towns in Mexico and Central America and smuggled through a dangerous corridor that leads into the United States.  After they work their apprenticeships in Tijuana, many of the girls end up as sexual servants in New York's illegal brothels.

 

 

Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa

Human trafficking rife in SA

Lebogang Seale, Independent Online (IOL) News, December 7 2006

www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/human-trafficking-rife-in-sa-1.306483

[accessed 22 February 2011]

They are promised a better life in South Africa, but instead they are kidnapped, branded and sold into sexual slavery for as little as R380.  Women and children, some as young as 13, are falling prey to syndicates operating in Mozambique and Swaziland, trafficking and smuggling them to South Africa on an unprecedented scale.

 

 

Nicaragua

The Protection Project - Nicaragua [DOC]

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), The Johns Hopkins University

www.protectionproject.org/human_rights_reports/report_documents/nicaragua.doc

[accessed 2009]

FORMS OF TRAFFICKING - Young women leave Nicaragua for neighboring countries or other places for promised jobs in hotels or factories or as domestics.  One report recounts the story of a girl who was kidnapped at the age of 12 as she was walking to school in Managua in 1998. She had set out for school alone, as she did every morning. A taxi stopped her to ask directions. She remembers nothing more after that. She woke up in an unfamiliar place among other young girls, guarded by three women. Less than a week later, she was sold to some men, who sold her to others, who brought her to the United States to work in a brothel. For the next 6 years, until she was 18, she was “dragged from place to place and passed from hand to hand.” At the age of 18, she managed to go to the authorities, who deported her. She is now back in Nicaragua after “losing the best years of [her] life and [her] adolescence.”

 

 

Nigeria & Benin

120 child workers repatriated to Benin

U.N. Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, 15 Oct 2003

www.irinnews.org/report/46718/benin-nigeria-120-child-workers-repatriated-to-benin

[accessed 26 February 25, 2015]

Nigeria sent back to Benin on Wednesday 120 children who were smuggled into the country to work as slave labour, breaking stones at quarries, Benin government officials said.  The children were aged between four and 13 and had been kidnapped from their parent, they told IRIN.

This was the second batch of child workers to be repatriated from Nigeria to Benin since the two countries established joint border patrols in August to crack down on smuggling and banditry.  A first group of 116, aged between 10 and 12, was repatriated on 26 September.

 

 

Pakistan

IOM launches initiative to combat human trafficking

UN Integrated Regional Information Networks IRIN, Islamabad, 16 March 2004

www.irinnews.org/report/23869/pakistan-iom-launches-initiative-to-combat-human-trafficking

[accessed 25 February 2015]

In 2002, police recovered 11 infants - the oldest barely 18 months - from a middle-class Karachi suburb where the kidnappers were making preparations to smuggle the babies to Malaysia for a reported price tag of US $20,000 each.  Such children, according to social workers and law-enforcement officials, often end up being sold into prostitution or crime rings; or end up as camel-jockeys in the Middle East.

 

 

Pakistan

Horrific fate awaits children spurned by society

Aroosa Masroor Khan, The News, Karachi, February 22, 2007

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 September 2011]

“Saddar is the hub of street children from all areas of Karachi,” says Aqsa Zainab of Azad Foundation, adding that child abusers are mostly found near shrines where ‘langar’ is distributed or near railway stations where they arrive from other cities. It is from here the young boys are kidnapped and sold as commercial sex workers. htsccp

 

 

Philippines

NBI raises alarm on child-organ trafficking

ABS-CBN News Online, 24 Aug 2008

unionssaynotochildlabor.com/nbi-raises-alarm-on-child-organ-trafficking/

[accessed 16 December 2010]

The National Bureau of Investigation alerted the public on Sunday over the rampant smuggling of human organs in the Philippines. The NBI said smugglers are now targeting childen who are kidnapped and taken abroad where their organs are sold to foreign nationals.  The human smugglers, whose usual buyers are Middle Eastern nationals, allegedly abduct children and house them somewhere in Mindanao.  Lawyer Ferdinand Lavin of the NBI's Human Trafficking Division said the victims are provided with vitamin supplements to keep their internal organs healthy. He said the victims will then be transported outside the country to undergo surgery for organ transplants.

 

 

Poland

Tales of sex and sadness from inside Britain's oldest profession

Amelia Hill, The Observer, 23 December 2007

www.guardian.co.uk/society/2007/dec/23/communities.socialexclusion

[accessed 19 December 2010]

'I'D BEEN DREAMING OF A FUTURE AS A WIFE AND A MOTHER' - ALMA, 26 - Alma (not her real name) fell in love with a man she met in Poland seven months ago. He said he wanted to introduce her to his family. Under this pretence, he ended up kidnapping her. He used a false passport to bring her to Manchester and force her to work in a brothel.

'I had been working as a waitress, dreaming of a future as a wife and mother,' Alma says. 'This man shared my Muslim religion. I trusted him. When he locked me in his house, took away all my money and possessions, I was terrified. But when he forced me into a car and had a friend drive me to a foreign country where I didn't speak the language or know anyone, I was beside myself . My family went to the police but after a week I knew they wouldn't take me back because, according to our religion, I was ruined.

'He beat me and made me live with another girl who spied on me. She wouldn't leave me for a second and reported to this man if I did anything that looked like trying to escape. He forced me to work in the brothel, but the clients complained because I just cried all the time. The manager asked me what was wrong. I didn't have the language to express myself, but eventually I managed to explain. I don't think she felt sorry for me, but she saw that I wasn't going to earn her brothel any money because I would never willingly work. She helped me to escape and I went to the police. This has damaged my life in all directions. I have no dreams now and no hopes. I have nothing.'

 

 

Qatar

Qatar to use robots in camel races

Faisal Baatoutn, Middle East Online, Doha, 2004-10-19

www.middle-east-online.com/english/?id=11612

[accessed 19 December 2010]

The US State Department and human rights groups have raised the alarm over the exploitation of children by traffickers who pay impoverished parents a paltry sum or simply resort to kidnapping their victims.  The children, mostly from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka or Pakistan, are then smuggled into the oil-rich Gulf states.  They are often starved by employers to keep them light and maximize their racing potential. Mounting camels three times their height, the children - some as young as six - face the risk of being thrown off or trampled.

 

 

Russia

Forced Labour In The Russian Federation Today: Irregular Migration And Trafficking In Human Beings [PDF]

Elena Tyuryukanova, International Labour Organization ILO, Geneva, September 2005

www.ilo.org/public/english/region/eurpro/moscow/info/publ/russian_s.pdf

[accessed 20 December 2010]

[page 107]  APPENDIX I  -  INTERVIEWS WITH VICTIMS OF FORCED LABOUR

[page 116]  CASE 6 - A 17-year old man from Novosibirsk in Russia was kidnapped and coerced into construction work. The interview took place in Omsk

I am from Novosibirsk. At present I live in Omsk because I do not want to be traced. I am seventeen. Half a year ago they kidnapped me. It happened as follows: I was going home, a foreign car approached me, and they put a sack on my head, drew me into the car and then injected me with something.  I remember nothing. I do not even remember how they took me away. It seemed as if we were flying or if it was a car, it was shaking. It was dark, like a bunker - they covered me up with something. I only came to when we were somewhere in the East.

They watched. There were no hand-cuffs, but guards with guns were present, and a supervisor with a stick was there. If somebody fell, he beat then until they stood up and collected the things that they had dropped. There were ten of us. We were not allowed to speak. They kept us in pairs, even at night we weren’t allowed to speak. The supervisors walked around to check that nobody was speaking.

 

 

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia and contemporary slavery

Pat Roush, March 15, 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 September 2011]

American women who have married Saudi nationals and are inside the kingdom along with their female children – some of whom have now reached adult age – are subjected to a situation in which another person or persons have complete control over their lives, with all rights and attributes of "ownership." They were forcibly abducted or kidnapped in clear violation of the laws of other countries and court orders issued by other countries. They were removed from their country to a country beyond the reach of law enforcement and court orders.

These women – which include my adult, American-born daughters – have been hidden away in family compounds for years, deprived of all the choices of basic living, including religion, choice of spouse or age of marriage. They have been denied freedom of movement, freedom of torture, equal rights of women relating to all issues of family rights, the right to education, the right to remedies. Many of them are subjected to wide abuse other than slavery – mental and physical torture, including rape. Their basic human rights in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other instruments of international human rights law are being sacrificed.

They are kept captive with no hope of ever escaping. Some are told that they can leave, but their children must stay. They must choose between freedom and their children – a "Sophie's Choice" no mother should ever have to make. I have met women who have done just that, and others who hunger for the breath of freedom so badly that they are contemplating doing it – such a high price to pay.

 

 

Senegal

Lives of Street Children in Senegal to Improve through New Campaign

The World Bank News, February 13, 2007

web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:21218879~pagePK:34370~piPK:34424~theSitePK:4607,00.html

[accessed 21 December 2010]

CHILD TRAFFICKERS TARGETED - Poor parents who cannot afford to care for their children often entrust them to religious leaders known as marabous to educate them and teach them the Koran.

Child traffickers posing as marabous will often kidnap the children from villages and take them to Dakar where they are forced to beg for handouts in the streets. Under threat of beatings, the children must give the money to their “masters.”

 

 

Slovenia

A modern slave's brutal odyssey

BBC News, 3 November 2004

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3979725.stm

[accessed 22 December 2010]

EX-TRAFFICKER'S STORY - One former trafficker, now working with the authorities and living at a secret address, told Slavery Today how his former gang would operate.  "Most of the time we would use professional recruiters, but at times we would kidnap women and children ourselves," he said.  "The children were taken to be sold in Italy, and the better-looking women were kept as prisoners and made to work as prostitutes.

"I have heard that sick children are sold and made into beggars.  "The healthy ones are kept and trained to work for the Mafia, to deal drugs, to murder - whatever they are capable of.  Some trafficked people have their organs removed.  "I've also heard that some children were sold for organs. This also happened with men and women, depending on the demand."

And he admitted to often using force to capture people.  "If they didn't want to be separated from their families, we'd hit them until they did what we wanted," he said.  "Generally threats are made that another family member will be murdered if orders are not obeyed."  Working in Eastern Europe, the gang would drive trafficked men into Slovenia, from where they would be transported, to look for work on places such as building sites.

 

 

South Africa

Caught In Traffic

Show: Carte Blanche,  Producer: First Edit,  Date: 28 January 2007

beta.mnet.co.za/carteblanche/Article.aspx?Id=3239

[accessed 23 December 2010]

Every month thousands of children are smuggled by greedy opportunists and syndicates across our international and provincial borders. Once on the other side, they are sold as domestic workers, for criminal activities, or for hard labour on farms.  And many of the young girls are forced into prostitution.

 

 

Thailand

Human Trafficking Racket Being Operated in Southern Thailand

Pattaya Daily News, 22 March 2007

www.oldpdn.com/shownews.php?IDNEWS=0000002594

[Last accessed 29 December 2010]

Recently, two young men from Buriram were kidnapped by a trafficking gang on their first day of arrival in Bangkok, while looking for work. After being drugged, presumably with something similar to chloroform, the two were transported, unconscious, to a fishing port and effectively imprisoned on a fishing boat for 8 months.

 

 

Trinidad & Tobago

Where Are the Missing People?

Peter Richards, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Port Of Spain, 6 Jan 2009

www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=45311

[accessed 1 January 2011]

www.ipsnews.net/2009/01/trinidad-where-are-the-missing-people/

[accessed 5 October 2016]

When 15-year-old Devika Lalman left her home When 15-year-old Devika Lalman left her home a few days before Christmas to buy school supplies for the new academic term, her parents had taken all the necessary precautions to ensure her safety.   The mother of the Form Three student said she had also given her daughter a cell phone, but all calls to that phone have gone unanswered and the daughter has not been seen since.

"Almost all the women who disappeared left behind a pattern. Their cell phones were switched off. We also heard that they were transported from one house to another before being shipped out."   The Sunday Guardian newspaper, which carried out its own investigation, said that the "clandestine local trade, which operates through a well-organised network and is supported by several powerful agencies, is linked to an international human trafficking ring".   The paper said that children were being sold for as much as 34,000 dollars and adults for half that amount.   "They are mostly used as sex slaves and sometimes for slave labour. Sometimes, they are used to make pay-offs in the drug trade," the paper said, noting that the trafficking also includes young women who were being brought into the country from Venezuela, Colombia and Guyana.

"We recognise that legislation is critically important at this point because without proper legislation, which is really one of the handicaps in the social areas, we could not possibly move forward in terms of consequences for human traffickers," said the party's deputy leader, Dr Sharon Gopaul McNicol, a clinical psychologist.   She told a news conference that most of the human trafficking "takes place in small boats where people are drugged and shipped off to other countries, primarily those countries that people don't speak English so there is little chance of the victims being able to get away without much difficulty."

 

 

Turkey

Human Trafficking Victims on Rise

Ayse Durukan, BIA News Center, Istanbul, 09/05/2006 

eski.bianet.org/2006/05/01_eng/news78779.htm 

[accessed 1 January 2011]

A joint study conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IMO) and Turkey’s Security General Directorate has revealed a significant increase in human trafficking victims being brought to Turkey, a majority of them by force.

IOM, has stated that the women are trafficked against their own will, by force, kidnapped without compensation in any form and then sold. It said the organisation has provided support for 55 human trafficking case victims in the first three months of 2006 alone.

 

 

UAE

Police sting nets human traffickers

The National, 15 December 2008 – Source: www.thenational.ae/article/20081215/NATIONAL/818203618/1138

www.uaeinteract.com/news/rss-news.asp?ID=33321

[accessed 6 January 2011]

Police said they had dismantled a network which lured women from their home countries with promises of legitimate work, only to force them into prostitution.   The gang also preyed on women who had absconded from sponsors in Dubai, kidnapping them and forcing them into the sex trade or selling them to the highest bidders.

The woman was lured to the UAE to work legally as a maid by one of the gang members, the police said. She was kidnapped on arrival, imprisoned and forced into prostitution while the gang waited to trade her to anyone who would meet their asking price. It is unclear whether the woman would remain here or be sent back to Bangladesh.

 

 

UK

Child prostitutes' sad stories

Kim Catcheside, Social Affairs Correspondent, BBC News, 27 June, 2003

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/3023874.stm

[accessed 4 January 2011]

They told Ms Turner they had been kidnapped in Africa, by criminals, and sold into sexual slavery.  Traffickers had terrified the children into submission with a mixture of physical violence and rape, and the psychological threat of voodoo.

She told authorities that she and other girls had been picked up from local authority hostels, and taken overland to Italy.  On the way they were gang-raped and forced to sell themselves in lorry parks across Europe.  When they eventually arrived in Europe they were taken to brothels to work.

 

 

USA

The (ongoing) San Diego, California Child Mass Sexual Slavery Scandal

LibertadLatina, July 31, 2009

www.libertadlatina.org/LatAm_US_San_Diego_Crisis_Index.htm

[accessed 8 January 2011]

The articles here below describe one of the largest known child and youth sex trafficking cases in the United States to date.  In one of several related cases, hundreds of Mexican girls between 7 and 18 were kidnapped or subjected to false romantic entrapment by organized criminal sex trafficking gangs.  Victims were then brought to San Diego County, California.  Over a 10 year period these girls were raped by hundreds of men per day in more than 2 dozen home based and agricultural camp based brothels.

 

USA

How an eastern Iowa teen prostitution, human trafficking ring took root

Jennifer Hemmingsen, The Gazette, April 20, 2008

swoplv.wordpress.com/2008/04/23/ia-how-an-eastern-iowa-teen-prostitution-human-trafficking-ring-took-root/

[accessed 9 January 2011]

In the basement of an ordinary-looking Williamsburg home, the 13-year-old girl was given a choice. Either she would have sex with two men nearly twice her age or she would be given back to her kidnapper.  Already in the week since Demont Bowie told the suburban Minneapolis girl she belonged to him, he'd beaten and abused her, starved her and deprived her of sleep. He traded her body to his friends and even a mechanic. When Demont told her to do something to someone, she did. There was no refusing. He'd said he'd kill her, kill her family, if she tried to leave. - htcp

 

USA

Anti-Human Trafficking Law Helps Workers But Many Still Afraid

Associated Press AP, FORT MYERS, FL, 9/25/2006

www.firstcoastnews.com/news/florida/news-article.aspx?storyid=65647

[Last accessed 11 January 2011]

Advocates say the public is increasingly aware of the plight of young girls kidnapped or tricked into working in brothels. They say, however, that too often the cases of farm workers forced to work off ballooning smuggling debts through fraud or coercion are shrugged off as part of the illegal immigration issue.

 

 

Venezuela

Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation Between Venezuela and Ecuador

Survivors' Rights International SRI, July 17, 2003

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 September 2011]

BACKGROUND - Women and children are also trafficked into Venezuela. Women from countries like Colombia are trafficked into Venezuela through prostitution trade networks originating in Colombia.  Children from Ecuador are trafficked into Venezuela to serve as prostitutes and work as street vendors and housemaids.  The victims are usually children who are kidnapped, sold by their parents, or deceived by false employment opportunities.  These children are first exploited through prostitution at the average age of 12.  Children as young as 7 years old have been found to be sexually exploited.  Of the 40,000 sexually exploited children in Venezuela, 78% are girls between the ages of 8 and 17.

 

 

Yemen

Children in Poor Countries Need Help

International Herald Tribune, July 29, 2010

gulfnews.com/news/gulf/yemen/gangs-smuggling-yemeni-children-to-saudi-arabia-1.273504

[accessed 4 December 2011]

GANGS SMUGGLING YEMENI CHILDREN TO SAUDI ARABIA - Saudi and Yemeni officials said gangs in Yemen are kidnapping children and sending them to Saudi Arabia as beggars. Some families "rent their children" to these gangs for want of money. Children are mostly sent to Makkah and Madinah.

 

All material used herein reproduced under the fair use exception of 17 USC § 107 for noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use.  PLEASE RESPECT COPYRIGHTS OF COMPONENT ARTICLES.  Cite this webpage as: Patt, Prof. Martin, "Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery – Lecture Resources - Kidnapping", http://gvnet.com/humantrafficking/111-kidnapping.htm  [accessed <date>]