Human Trafficking & Modern-day Slavery

Lecture Resources

 

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Evil Beyond Belief

 

Guatemala

Legal Program Advisor for Casa Alianza, Guatemela, Murdered

Intercountry Adoption ICA, 6 September 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 5 September 2011]

[scroll down to 6 September 2005]

The wave of violence and impunity that plagues Guatemala has taken yet another victim. Last Friday, September 2, at approximately 9:30 in the morning, an unidentified man shot and killed the fifty six-year old lawyer Harold Rafael Perez Gallardo, who had been serving as the Adviser to the Legal Program of Casa Alianza Guatemala for the past six years.  Perez Gallardo was advising Casa Alianza on several pending cases regarding irregular adoptions, murders, sexual exploitations and trafficking, and other instances of human rights violations against children.

 

 

Iran

Political Executions, Child Prostitution, and Forced Marriage at the Age of 9 : Ms Zadeh talks on the lack of human rights in Iran and the urgency to put geopolitics to one side

News & Civil Society Perspectives from the Commission on Human Rights Sixty-first session 14 March - 22 April 2005 -- Contributors: Sebastian Zielinski (CONGO), April 11, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 6 September 2011]

At present at least thirty juveniles are on death row in Tehran and Rajai-Shahr for offences they were alleged to have committed under the age of eighteen

Child prostitution has risen 635 percent in recent years. Dozens of Iranian girls are brought to Karachi, Pakistan, to be sold as sex slaves every day.

Reports in Tehran newspapers indicate that senior government figures have been involved in human trafficking.

There are at least 300,000 runaway girls in Iran.

By law, the father has the right to force a girl into marriage at the age of nine

 

 

Malaysia

Migrant Worker’s Death Exposes Slave-like Conditions

Anil Netto, Inter Press Service News Agency IPS, Kuala Lumpur, 8 May 2007

ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=37646

[accessed 8 September 2011]

www.ipsnews.net/2007/05/labour-malaysia-migrant-workers-death-exposes-slave-like-conditions/

[accessed 3 September 2016]

Ganesh was reportedly subjected to daily beatings, deprived of food and sufficient rest, and chained and locked in a dark room. He was eventually dumped in a wooded area, but was found by villagers who sent him to hospital. He succumbed to his injuries on Apr. 27. Pictures of his gaunt face, the horrendous bruises on his back and his protruding rib cage shocked Malaysians. In hospital, he was little more than a bag of blistered skin and bones.

In George Town, Penang, a visibly shaken young Indonesian domestic maid, Yati (not her real name), recently met IPS after running away from her employers the previous night. ''I was knocked on the head for the slightest mistake I made,'' she said, tearfully. ''I just could not take it any more; so, when I had the chance, I ran out of the house without thinking of taking any of my belongings.'' Without any money, her several months' wages still unpaid, no change of clothing, and most crucially, without her passport, which was probably held by her employer or the local recruitment agent, Yati was helpless.

 

 

Nepal

Call for Global Action to halt Nepalese women and girls trafficking

Surya B. Prasai, The American Chronicle, February 10, 2008

womenfreedomforum.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=456&Itemid=80

[accessed 22 August 2014]

www.oijj.org/en/news/general-news/call-for-global-action-to-halt-nepalese-women-and-girls-trafficking

[accessed 13 June 2017]

The other alarming fact of course is that Nepal has a unique cultural system known as "Deukis," whereby by rich zamindars (feudalistic agricultural families) having no children through a legally married wife, procure these young girls from poor rural Nepalese families and after initiating them into the household through the temple rites are taken as mistresses cum slave bonded laborers to produce offspring. Later on, as the girl gets to be over 30 years and grows older, she is forced into prostitution. There is no respite to what the poor Nepalese girl has to suffer on in life once initiated into this system. In 2007 according to a UN report, there werel nearly 30,000 deukis in Nepal compared to 1992, when there were 17,000 deuki girls according to Radhika Coomaraswamy in the UN Special Report on Violence against Women.

 

 

Norway

Human trafficking case gets underway

Kjetil Kolsrud & Nina Berglund, Aftenposten, November 9, 2004

www.aftenposten.no/english/local/article908424.ece

[accessed 14 December 2010]

The two women, according to prosecutors, were then moved to Stockholm before being sent on to Norway. They arrived in Oslo on December 1, 2001 and were taken to a flat in the fashionable neighborhood of Homansbyen, just behind the Royal Palace.  Once there, they were repeatedly raped by two men assigned to guard them. Police claim they also were injected with heroin, to make them more submissive.

STRIPPED AND PEDDLED FOR SALE - A few days later, a Norwegian man showed up at the flat with a camera. Both women were stripped and photographed, and then advertised for sale in a local newspaper handed out for free. Customers started calling, and the men withheld all the money that customers paid to beat, rape and abuse the women. The abuse included being burned with cigarettes.

 

 

Romania

Freedom at Midnight: Human Trafficking in Romania

Paul Cristian Radu, Central Romanian Investigative Journalism CRJI, January 10, 2003

www.crji.org/articles.php?id=4023

[accessed 28 August 2011]

UNDERCOVER INVESTIGATION REVEALS HOW YOUNG GIRLS ARE BEING BEATEN, ABUSED AND SOLD FOR A FEW HUNDRED OF DOLLARS IN BUCHAREST’S BACKSTREETS.

"Can I be sure you're not giving me back to them?" Diana whispered from the backseat of the car. "I'm scared."  The trembling figure, huddled in a blanket against a cold Bucharest night, had only minutes earlier been just one of the legion of girls for sale in Romania's human-trafficking market.  Driven by fear, her words tumbled out, "They hit me. He stabbed me with a knife. You want to see the wound? I'm hungry. Do you like me? You want sex with me?  Can I have your kids afterwards?  "I'll be a good wife. Do you want to marry me? You know, they starved me. Do you want me to take off my blouse?  I need to eat something! Promise I will never be starved ever again?  I want to smoke, too. And don't forget to buy me chocolate."  Diana - her name has been changed for the purposes of this story - cost us 400 US dollars.  As part of a joint investigation by IWPR and the Romanian Centre for Investigative Journalism, RCIJ, we had just purchased her from a trafficker. A few days before, she had passed New Years Eve chained and freezing in a dog cage.

 

 

Saudi Arabia

Guest Worker May Lose Digits, Toes After Being Tied Up in Bathroom for a Month

Hassan Adawi, Arab News, Jeddah, 23 March 2005

archive.arabnews.com/?page=1&section=0&article=60876&d=23&m=3&y=2005&pix=kingdom.jpg&category=Kingdom

[accessed 21 December 2010]

www.arabnews.com/node/264158

[accessed 24 June 2013]

A 25 year-old Indonesian guest worker will have several of her fingers, toes and part of her right foot amputated because of gangrene after being tied up for a month in a bathroom by her Saudi sponsor.  The Indonesian Embassy noted that 2,000 housemaids have been repatriated to Indonesia so far this year, with many alleging maltreatment, nonpayment of wages or physical abuse.

 

 

Slovenia

A modern slave's brutal odyssey

BBC News, 3 November 2004

news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3979725.stm

[accessed 22 December 2010]

EX-TRAFFICKER'S STORY - One former trafficker, now working with the authorities and living at a secret address, told Slavery Today how his former gang would operate.  "Most of the time we would use professional recruiters, but at times we would kidnap women and children ourselves," he said.  "The children were taken to be sold in Italy, and the better-looking women were kept as prisoners and made to work as prostitutes.

"I have heard that sick children are sold and made into beggars.  "The healthy ones are kept and trained to work for the Mafia, to deal drugs, to murder - whatever they are capable of.  Some trafficked people have their organs removed.  "I've also heard that some children were sold for organs. This also happened with men and women, depending on the demand."

And he admitted to often using force to capture people.  "If they didn't want to be separated from their families, we'd hit them until they did what we wanted," he said.  "Generally threats are made that another family member will be murdered if orders are not obeyed."  Working in Eastern Europe, the gang would drive trafficked men into Slovenia, from where they would be transported, to look for work on places such as building sites.

 

 

Suriname

Suriname police detain alleged human trafficker

Ivan Cairo, Caribbean Net News, PARAMARIBO, Suriname, 01 APRIL 2008

traffickingproject.blogspot.com/2008/04/suriname-police-detain-alleged-human.html

[accessed 26 December 2010]

Preliminary investigations have revealed, said prosecutor Garcia Paragsingh, that the four Vietnamese nationals working on the boat, were forced to hard labour on the vessel without payment, proper medical care and food. For over a two year period, two of ill-treated crew members did not receive payment for their work, while the remaining two fishermen told police that for over one year they did not receive salaries and were not allowed to leave the boat.

The captain, a Korean national, allegedly refused to allow them to see a doctor when they became sick, while they were forced to work long hours under very poor conditions even when they were physically unable to do so. According to police sources, the worker who committed suicide apparently got sick and asked to be taken to shore to seek medical treatment. After his requests were rejected by the captain, the man hung himself.

 

 

Thailand

The misery of male slavery - Trafficking of Men in Thailand

humantrafficking.org, News & Updates, 17 May 2007 -- Adapted from: "The misery of male slavery." The Nation. 14 May 2007

www.humantrafficking.org/updates/636

[accessed 29 December 2010]

The fight against human trafficking has for more than a decade tried to protect women and children, often forgetting that men, too, are victims of "new slavery".

The commission reports that between July 17 and July 19 of 2003, six fishing trawlers with about 100 crew sailed from Tha Chalom in Samut Sakhon province to fish Indonesian territorial waters. Most of the crew were migrant workers and four were younger than 16. None were allowed home leave for three years. The trawlers returned to Thailand in July last year.

Thirty-eight never returned, dying on the job. Two were buried on one of Indonesia's myriad islands and the rest unceremoniously dumped at sea. One more crewmember died shortly upon his return.  Others returned home seriously ill - emaciated, emotionally disturbed and unable to see, hear or walk properly.  A Samut Sakhon Hospital medical report diagnosed the men with serious vitamin deficiencies. They had suffered months without proper food or water, eating only fish.  None have been paid. Yet, they are not considered by law to be victims of human trafficking.

 

 

Uganda

Police issues measures to fight child sacrifice

Josephine Maseruka, The New Vision, 6 January 2009

www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/12/667107

[accessed 2 January 2011]

www.gideonfoundation.com/details.php?a=Mzg=

[accessed 10 February 2016]

A counter-trafficking unit has been created to curb child sacrifice and human trafficking, he said.

Kayihura’s briefing came amid reports of increasing cases of ritual murders, with children as the main victims.

Kayihura noted that of the 18 suspected ritual murder cases reported to the Police last year, 15 had been conclusively investigated and the suspects committed to the High Court.   He observed that most ritual murders were committed by either parents or relatives of the victims, adding that in the 15 cases, the suspects confessed.

The state minister for internal affairs, Matia Kasaija, regretted that there was a 600% increase in ritual murder, from the three reported in 2007, up to 18 cases last year.   Kasaija noted that the problem was compounded by the increase in other crimes affecting children like kidnapping, abduction and child stealing.

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