Torture in  [USA]  [other countries]
Human Trafficking in  [USA]  [other countries]
Street Children in  [USA]  [other countries]
Child Prostitution in  [USA]  [other countries]



Child Prostitution

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children

In the early years of the 21st Century                                                 



CAUTION:  The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in the USA.  Some of these links may lead to websites that present allegations that are unsubstantiated or even false.  No attempt has been made to validate their authenticity or to verify their content.


Runaways - Where To Turn For Help Before You Are Homeless - 1-800-621-4000

Rebeccas Community -- This is for anyone aged up to 13 years old who is thinking about running away

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Here are the best phone numbers to call …They are Confidential - which means they won't tell anyone about your call unless you want them to talk to somebody for you, or you are in danger.  They are open 24 Hours - it doesn't matter what time you call.  In the USA, call 1-800-621-4000


KidsVoice, March 09, 2004

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Most runaway children do not realize the dangers of living on the streets. According to the National Runaway Switchboard, 75% of runaways will become involved in theft, drugs or pornography. One out of every three teens on the street will be lured into prostitution within 48 hours of leaving home.

Former Child Prostitute Tells Her Story: 'I Was So Degraded', 23 June 2009

[accessed 9 August 2011]

"At 12 years old, and it was a really horrible experience for me. But after that first time, I was so degraded, I was like, ‘Whatever, I did it once, might as well do it again," said Dettrea King.   King said she worked as prostitute for five years. She said she experienced horrors that no child ever should.   “I’ve been kidnapped, beat up, raped. I had my hair cut off,” King said. “He told me to say goodbye to my family because he was going to kill me.”

King said every day she had to hand over $1,000 to her pimp.   “He took everything. You don’t keep anything. He makes sure you have nice clothes, hair and nails done so you look the part, but as far as you having anything in your pocket -- maybe $20, $40. But other than that, you don’t get anything," King said.   After five years and thousands of johns, she said she finally wound up in jail.   “By me going to jail and getting locked up -- it saved my life,” King said.

Former US Teenage Prostitutes Escape Brutal Street Life

Mike O'Sullivan, Voice of America VOA News, Los Angeles, June 18, 2009

[accessed 9 August 2011]

"I prostituted since I was 10-years-old," said Monica. "The first time I ran away from home, it was with this guy. He was 17 and I told him that I was 15. And I decided I wanted to leave because I lost my virginity the day before that, so I thought, OK, let me just run the streets. And having sex was fun, so I just thought it would be fun, but it was not."   She returned home but ran away again and got involved with other pimps, who tutored her in the business. By the age of 12, she was a regular on the streets of Oakland.   Monica looks a little older than her 14 years, but she says that her customers, or tricks, clearly understood she was a child.   "I guess they didn't care," she said. "One trick I had hopped in the car with when I was in Oakland, I told him that I was 12 years old. He said, oh, it doesn't matter. I'll give you extra money."

Girls on Our Streets

Nicholas D. Kristof, The New York Times, Atlanta, May 6, 2009

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Jasmine Caldwell was 14 and selling sex on the streets when an opportunity arose to escape her pimp: an undercover policeman picked her up.  The cop could have rescued her from the pimp, who ran a string of 13 girls and took every cent they earned. If the cop had taken Jasmine to a shelter, she could have resumed her education and tried to put her life back in order.

Instead, the policeman showed her his handcuffs and threatened to send her to prison. Terrified, she cried and pleaded not to be jailed. Then, she said, he offered to release her in exchange for sex.  Afterward, the policeman returned her to the street. Then her pimp beat her up for failing to collect any money.  “That happens a lot,” said Jasmine, who is now 21. “The cops sometimes just want to blackmail you into having sex.”

Documentary examines U.S. child sex trade

Reuters, New York, 29 April 2009

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Filmmaker Libby Spears wanted to to make a documentary about the sexual exploitation of kids in Asia and Latin America, but that changed when she discovered that child sex trafficking is a big problem in the United States.

The Girl Next Door May Now Be on the Corner

Marian Wright Edelman, President of the Children's Defense Fund, The Huffington Post, March 16, 2009

[accessed 9 August 2011]

One such story is of a 13-year-old girl who ran away to New York City to escape sexual abuse at home. Without friends or money, she met a man who said he could introduce her to someone who would employ her to dance at parties. But the offer turned out to be an entry-level job as a prostitute, and her new "employer" sold her at a rate of $40 for oral sex and $80 for intercourse. Over a period of three weeks, her pimp arranged a series of "parties" where she had sex with more than 20 men.

Among the million and a half children who run away from home each year, traffickers ensnare tens of thousands of them into the sex trade through rape, drug addition, coercion, deception, brute force and abduction. They are transported far from their homes to isolate them from family and friends. In late October 2008, federal law enforcement agents broke up more than a dozen child prostitution and sex trafficking rings operating in several cities involving girls and boys from ages 13 to 17. These youths are sold like cartons of cigarettes and six packs of beer in urban working-class neighborhoods, as well as suburban and rural communities, and purchased online though an Internet sexual slave market.

Two Arizona Teens Ran Prostitution Ring, Police Say

Fox News & The Associated Press AP, February 24, 2009,2933,499189,00.html

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Two teenaged girls were arrested for allegedly pimping other students for prostitution, Phoenix police said.

Investigators said the suspects recruited at least five girls, ages 14 to 17.   Finley and Tye, who were allegedly involved in prostitution themselves, were responsible for recruiting, teaching and receiving money from the other girls who worked for them, police said.   At one point, the two rented an apartment where they conducted the prostitution operation, according to investigators.

‘Thousands’ of teens said caught up in web of truck stop prostitution

Dorothy Cox, The Trucker, 1/27/2009

[accessed 14 Aug  2013]

Some truckers claim prostitution is only a matter of working girls trying to make a living and therefore, victimless. But according to statistics — and law enforcement — they’re either fooling themselves, misinformed, or both. An ABC TV Prime Time Crime special this summer asserted that “thou-sands of teens are forced into truck stop sex,” with an FBI spokesman adding that truck stops are uniquely suited to prostitution because at night the parking lots are isolated and out of the view of the public and police.

Sometimes, parents, themselves, are involved.   Driver Anthony Cleveland told The Trucker he saw a mother put out her 14-year-old daughter to turn tricks at an Alabama truck stop; he knew it was the girl’s mother because the woman’s identity was revealed when she was later arrested and charged.

Atlanta’s tragic tricks - City, state and nonprofit group offer strategy to fight child prostitution

Sunday Paper, 01/25/2009

[Last access date unavailable]

FASHION’S DIRTY HANDS - When Vanity Fair published an Annie Leibovitz photo showing 15-year-old Miley Cyrus clutching a sheet, baring her back, it touched off a firestorm of controversy about the sexualization of children. Such images, combined with provocative clothing marketed to pre-teens, helps pump demand for prostituted children, says McCullough.

 “If we show pictures of 15-year-olds posed in a sexually provocative manner, why are we surprised when there is a demand for 13-year-olds?” says McCullough.

One of McCullough’s friends went shopping with her 6-year-old. As they went through the clothing for sale, the mom kept vetoing clothing with the mantra “this is not appropriate, this is not appropriate.” Finally, the 6-year-old asked: “Mama, if these are not appropriate, why do they make it in my size?”

Child Prostitution Rampant in California County

The Associated Press AP, Riverside California, January 12, 2009,2933,479289,00.html

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Hundreds of teens selling sex make connections using Internet sites like, simply standing along a two-mile stretch of Holt Boulevard in Ontario or hooking up at local truck stops, investigators said.

Young workers in the oldest profession - Clark County girls make up a third of the underage sex workers in Portland

Isolde Raftery, December 6, 2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Sarah was 16 and addicted to crack cocaine when she heard there was easy money to make in the parking lot of a fast food restaurant off Fourth Plain Boulevard.   “I went there to pick up guys,” Sarah, 22, said. “They would buy me what I wanted as long as I had sex with them.”   After working for a year in Vancouver, Sarah ventured to Portland. Willowy, her greasy blond hair pulled tight into a bun, she looks exhausted.   “I got here on Sandy and 82nd, and this guy, D.C., asked me if I wanted to get high,” she said one morning last summer, sitting on a curb in northeast Portland. “Then he told me I owed him money and to go get money.”   Sarah was trapped. She’d fallen prey to a pimp’s come-on and become one of the 20 to 30 juveniles Portland police say work the streets at any given time. Like more than a third of those girls, she is from Vancouver. And like many of them, she remains beyond the reach of police efforts to separate her from her pimp. It’s been six years, and Sarah is still on the streets.

‘SNITCHES DIE, YOU KNOW’ - “I can cite case after case of girls coming from average families, and once the pimp was able to intervene, the family didn’t matter anymore,” Dick said. “I know of officers’ daughters who got into it, a federal prosecutor’s daughter, a DA’s daughter, a politician’s daughter.”   Cherise was a rebellious 15-year-old when she met her first pimp, Deandre Green, at Lloyd Center in Portland. Green was a 25-year-old Bloods gang member from Aloha, Ore.   He sweet-talked her to a nondescript, two-story motel and told her the rules: This is business, don’t be out of pocket, respect your pimp and give me all your money.   According to court documents, when Cherise said she had second thoughts, Green said, “I know where you live and where your family lives. I will kill you and your family if you say anything to anybody. You’re mine now.”

2 Houston Men Accused In Child Sex Ring

Click2Houston, October 27, 2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Two Houston men were arrested in a nationwide crackdown on child sex rings and prostitution, KPRC Local 2 reported Monday.  A total of 642 people were arrested in the three-day sting.

Across the country, 73 pimps and 518 adult prostitutes were arrested under the crackdown in 29 different cities, FBI officials said.  Forty-seven children were rescued. Their ages range from 13 to 17 years old.  Ten of them had been reported missing to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.  "This operation targeted known street tracks, in and out call services, truck stops, casinos and Internet sites," said John Pistole, the FBI deputy director. "Child prostitution is a growing problem across the country."  Most of the victims are runaways lured by child predators, officials said.

Connecticut Man Sentenced to 360 Months in Prison for Leading Brutal Sex Trafficking Ring That Victimized U.S. Citizens

U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, October 14, 2008 – Press Release 08-920

[accessed 9 January 2011]

Evidence presented at trial demonstrated that Paris operated a prostitution scheme in the Hartford, Conn., area in which he exploited young, uneducated girls from troubled backgrounds and forced them to perform commercial sex acts for his financial benefit. The evidence demonstrated that Paris used a combination of deception, fraud, coercion, brutal rapes, threats of arrest, physical violence and manipulation of addictive drugs to maintain control over his victims.

The evidence established that Paris "purchased" two of the victims from a co-defendant, Brian Forbes, who previously pleaded guilty to five counts of sex trafficking and was sentenced to 13 years in prison for his role in recruiting and exploiting minors and vulnerable young women into prostitution, as well as using beatings, rapes, drug withdrawal, threats and unlawful restraint, to compel them to perform commercial sex acts. htcp

ECPAT Global Monitoring Report on the status of action against commercial exploitation of children - USA [PDF]

ECPAT International, 2006

[accessed 9 August 2011]

There is limited information available on the commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) and adolescents within the United States. The absence of published facts and figures beyond estimates and small-scale local information highlights the pressing need for systematic and verifiable qualitative and quantitative information to guide national level action.

The prostitution of children is a widespread phenomenon, and over the past couple of years several articles in prominent press media, such as Newsweek magazine,1 have highlighted a growing problem of prostitution of girls from many different income levels. Sadly, members of the public and law enforcement view children in prostitution as a public nuisance or as immoral, bad kids, if not criminals. They tend not to see American children in prostitution as “innocent victims”, in the same way as they might see poor, young foreign children who may be kidnapped, sold or trafficked to the US for such purposes. Rather, American girls are seen as willing participants, mostly inner city teenagers who “know just what they are getting into and deserve what they get”.

Hidden epidemic: Children recruited to be sex slaves

Eric Johnson, WTOP News, Washington, August 11, 2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

"They seek out children who may have any sort of vulnerability -- vulnerability from sexual abuse as a child, vulnerability from homelessness, vulnerability from all different hosts of issues."

"This fellow would drive around the District, see teenage girls on the street, entice them into his car, force them to disrobe and perform sex acts, hold them captive and then force them into acts of prostitution."  Myles notes that the pimps have learned to go after children in or around places that are hard for kids to avoid.  "They target schools. They target parks. They target bus stops. They target malls," he says. "They even target places like group shelters and group homes. If your full-time effort, all-day, every-day is just to recruit children, you really learn to focus on the different places the kids are."

Congressional Testimony - Statement of Chris Swecker Assistant Director, Criminal Investigative Division, FBI

Chris Swecker, Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI, Jun 7, 2005

[accessed 9 August 2011]

The average age of a child first used in prostitution is 11 to 14, with some as young as 9 years of age. Children used in prostitution consist of both male and female victims and come from all ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. A large percentage of these children left home because of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse. These children often have low self-esteem and are extremely vulnerable. These runaways become a prime target for sex offenders, pornographers, and pimps. Prostitution is a continuation of the victim's sexual exploitation, not the beginning. According to U.S. law and international agreements, children can never consent to prostitution; it is always exploitation.

Juveniles who become involved in sexual trafficking face a myriad of obstacles and enormous needs if they want to leave that life, including very basic needs such as safe housing, subsistence, and schooling. In addition, they may need drug treatment, medical treatment, and mental health services. They may have problems related to victimization prior to their life on the streets. Most cannot return to their family of origin, so they need help to prepare for independent living.

Prostitution and Prevention

Editorial, The New York Times, July 29, 2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Child prostitution, a large and growing problem across the United States, is especially severe in tourist and convention cities. Atlanta, for example, has been identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as one of 14 American cities with the highest rates of child prostitution.

A report earlier this year by the Barton Child Law and Policy Clinic at Emory University estimated that hundreds of children were being used as prostitutes throughout Georgia. They come from troubled families and often have histories of truancy. They typically run away from home after being sexually abused.  Once on the street, they face increased risks of being battered or killed. They are also likely to experience drug addiction or psychiatric disorders and contract — and spread — diseases. They may eventually recreate their personal disasters in the lives of their children.

Children of the Night: Child Prostitution Is America’s Dirty Little Secret

John W. Whitehead, The Rutherford Institute, 7/28/2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Amazingly, many children are introduced to prostitution by family members or acquaintances such as parents, older siblings or boyfriends. The internet, especially websites such as Craigslist, Facebook and MySpace, has made it even easier to prey on children without being easily detected by law enforcement.

Child prostitution is America’s “dirty little secret,” one that cuts across racial and socio-economic divides. As Atlanta Mayor Shirley Franklin observed, “It’s one of those issues that doesn’t get discussed and therefore there’s an assumption that perhaps either it doesn’t exist at all or the young women and girls who are prostitutes are there by their own free will.” Yet there is little to suggest that these children ever willingly choose such a lifestyle. Even the term “child prostitute” is something of a misnomer, suggesting that it is the child—and not the adult handler—who has opted to sell him or herself for sex.

Children who are sold for sex (the majority are female) typically range in age from 11 to 17, with some as young as 9 years old. Once they have been lured or forced into prostituting themselves, these children are subjected to a full range of injuries, diseases, pregnancies, mental issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression and drug addiction, not to mention criminal and delinquency charges if they are caught. For those who are “rescued” out of the system, the stigma of having once been part of the sex trade is hard to overcome.

U.S. sex trade consumes thousands of children

Jeff Johnson, OneNewsNow, 7/22/2008

[accessed 7 October 2012]

The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children says between 100,000 and 300,000 underage boys and girls -- some as young as five years old -- are abused in prostitution each year in the United States. Pat Trueman, the former chief child exploitation prosecutor for the U.S. Department of Justice, says the public needs to understand what that number really means.

"I've actually seen kids on the streets of New York who were 12, 13 years old prostituting themselves, with a pimp down the street watching their every move," shares Trueman. "So this is not unusual; if anything, it's quite a commonplace occurrence in your bigger cities. But you're seeing it in mid-level cities, as well."

Trueman says children end up in prostitution in a variety of ways, almost none of which are completely voluntary. "What pimps do is find vulnerable kids -- who are either runaways, throwaways, or they might find them online where they're willing to be more risqué.

New York struggles over child prostitution - Criminals or abuse victims?

Robin Shulman,Washington Post, New York, July 18, 2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

She seems like a typical shy high school kid. Little about her suggests the tortured story she tells: At 14 she ran away from sexual abuse at home and met a 24-year-old guy who seemed like he wanted to be her boyfriend - until he told her he wanted to be her pimp. "I was like, wow," recalled the girl, now 16, though she looks younger. She was shocked, but desperate, she said. "At the time I needed a place to sleep, so I was like, 'Fine, I'll go along with it.' "  On and off for the next two years, she said, she traded sex for cash, under the control of several different men who took most of the money for themselves. Her work as a child prostitute caused her to be arrested in March and placed in detention.

Now New York is struggling with the question of how to treat young girls who are involved in prostitution. Are they criminals - or child abuse victims?

A Look at the Harrowing Lives of Child Prostitutes

Sewell Chan, The New York Times, July 3, 2008

[accessed 9 August 2011]

"Very Young Girls” is an 83-minute documentary film that opens on Friday at the IFC Center in Greenwich Village.

The film offers a vivid and disturbing look at the sexual exploitation and trafficking of teenage girls in New York City. The average age of girls when they enter the sex industry is 13.

2 child prostitutes discovered in Phoenix, 6 males detained

[access information unavailable]

Officers discovered two minors involved in prostitution during a sweep in Phoenix on Tuesday evening.  Maryvale Precinct Patrol Officers found the first victim during a sweep in the area of McDowell Road from 35th to 51st avenues at approximately 8:40 p.m.  The 14-year-old admitted prostitute had been listed as a run-away since she was 13-years-old.  Phoenix Police Department was contacted for further investigation into the victim's involvement in child prostitution and it was discovered that she had been working for a "Pimp" since the time she ran away from her home.

'Innocence Lost' initiative rescuing child prostitutes

Charlie Butts, OneNewsNow, 6/30/2008

[accessed 7 October 2012]

A recent spate of arrests in 16 cities put 345 people behind bars accused of involvement in child prostitution -- and 21 children were rescued. But that's only the tip of the iceberg, according to one pro-family advocate.  There are likely many thousands of children, mostly runaways or throwaways, on the streets of this nation, largely supporting themselves through prostitution. Chris Gacek of the Family Research Council believes child prostitution is a big business now, partly because of the Internet.

Child prostitutes sell themselves on Craigslist

Veronica De La Cruz and David Fitzpatrick, Cable News Network CNN, Sacramento California, June 28, 2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

But why would a girl sell her body online?  To help answer that question, Sacramento police made arrangements for CNN to interview a 14-year-old girl who said she'd started selling herself as a prostitute at the age of 11.

"I wanted to feel loved. ... I wanted to feel important," said the teen, who did not want to be identified.  She said she used Craigslist because it was free and she could post dozens of ads a day. Even though she understood the seriousness of what she was doing, she said she didn't care.

"You could put stuff in your ad like 'wet and wild,' 'fun and sassy,' things like that to catch their attention, to make them want you," she said.

Human Trafficking in our rural heartlands-Part 1

Amelia Waters,, 05.19.2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

[accessed 17 November 2016]

The federal indictment alleges that from January 1, 2000 to February 20, 2005, Barkau trained the minor to be a sexual dominatrix by engaging her in bondage activities with himself and forcing her in other sexual activities while he watched.  With extensive force and violence Barkau made the girl serve as dominatrix beginning at 12 years old.  When the girl was 14 years old, the motion alleges Barkau created his online business for "Mistress Alisha," both Barkau and the child’s mother earned tens of thousand of dollars.  The Department of Justice says it is the first time in the United States that parents have been alleged to profit from their own child this way.

Study details concerns about Spokane-area human trafficking

The Seattle Times, Spokane Washington, May 12, 2008 -- Information from The Spokesman-Review

[accessed 10 August 2011]

[scroll down]

Prostitution accounts for the largest form of human trafficking in the region with an estimated 500 adult women and an unknown number of men and underage boys and girls providing sex for money through escort businesses, massage parlors, drug houses and on the streets, the study found.

One of those surveyed in the study said about a third of those selling sex in the Spokane area had been sold into prostitution by their mothers.  Male prostitution is "much hidden" and those involved "are especially vulnerable," DuPey wrote.  "Spokane has a significant teen prostitution problem and is considered an entry area for child prostitutes," the study found. The youngsters "are initiated here and then moved into larger metro areas."

Prostitute series raises dispute behind the scenes

The Oakland Tribune, 04/26/2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Child prostitution has been Oakland's dirty little secret for a while now. It's one of those things that a lot of people know exists — certainly anyone who has ever driven certain stretches of International Boulevard or San Pablo Avenue.

One of the most disturbing stories in the Tribune series was reporter Kamika Dunlap's interview with a 14-year-old girl who was identified only as Desiree.  Here's what our readers who have been following the series know: Desiree ran away from home after a trip to the mall and ended up being sold as a prostitute on Craigslist. She was forced by her pimp to have sex with as many as five men a day. She contracted a painful venereal disease that made it impossible for her to work and eventually made her quit and return to her family.

Oakland pimps prey on youth

Kamika Dunlap and Barbara Grady, Mercury News, Oakland, April 21 2008

[accessed 14 Aug  2013]

When an 11- and 12-year-old girl disappeared last month, and police suspected they ended up prostituting themselves on the streets, the entire community took notice.  But what many don't realize is that those missing girls are just two of the legions of children turning tricks in an exploding local prostitution business, filling the pockets of pimps.  In the past 10 months alone, at least 170 children between 11 and 17 were referred to a local counseling agency because they'd been peddled on the streets for sex.  These exploited children work for pimps who quit drug dealing for the more lucrative and less risky trade of selling young girls for sex.

Report: NW a ripe ground for child prostitution

KGW, 03/29/2008

[Last access date unavailable]

The preliminary report, released this week, describes Las Vegas as a hub for child sex trafficking.  More than 400 children were found working as prostitutes in Las Vegas during a single month last year, according to the study.  Statistics show many of the girls are recruited from Oregon and Washington.  They are beaten and tortured by pimps.  “The runaway child here or the child recruited or snatched from the mall is sold in Seattle, or California, Las Vegas, Atlanta Georgia, wherever there is a critical mass of buyers,” says Linda Smith, founder of Shared Hope International.

FBI: Pimps force child prostitutes into underground networks

Jeff McShan, 11 News Houston, March 26, 2008

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

In 2006, around Hillcroft and the Southwest Freeway, the teen – then 13 years old—and three other women were arrested during a sting targeting prostitutes.  It’s prevalent in southwest Houston, and all too often the women turning tricks aren’t women at all – they’re girls.  The FBI says many of the child prostitutes are brought to Houston by pimps.

Special Agent Walther said many of the child prostitutes no longer work the streets, but now they’re involved in organized underground networks.

Just this past Saturday, for example, a 13-year-old girl was arrested inside a Dallas bar for allegedly recruiting her middle school classmates to dance and sell sex there.  “One of the remarkable things that we have learned about this is that there really is a tremendous amount of money involved. There is a high demand for young girls in the prostitution world,” Lt. Ches Williams of the Dallas Police Department said.

Prostitution, even when legalized, destroys lives

Christine Stark, Star Tribune, Little Falls Minnesota, March 18, 2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Most prostituted women and youth are coerced by poverty, racism, lack of opportunity, and drug and alcohol addictions. The average age of prostitution is 13 in the United States, so a woman has likely been abused for five years when she turns 18 and supposedly chooses to be a whore.

Victim of human trafficking ring shares her story

Bridgette Outten, Springfield News-Sun, Springfield Ohio, April 24, 2009

[accessed 10 August 2011]

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

Targeted by a criminal ring of human traffickers operating near Detroit, Flores’ ordeal began when she was lured to the home of a classmate, drugged and sexually assaulted.   A devout Catholic who did not want to shame her parents, Flores didn’t think she had a choice when the ring’s operators blackmailed her with pictures of the assault, threatening to show the photos to her father and her priest.   The traffickers did not kidnap Flores from her home, but used threats, intimidation and blackmail to force her into prostitution while she lived under her parents’ roof.   Over the next two years, Flores would remain in a world of prostitution, where she was routinely sexually assaulted and brutalized while her traffickers profited.

Human trafficking steps from the shadows

Barry Bergman, Public Affairs, UC Berkely News: Berkeleyan, 12 March 2008

[accessed 9 January 2011]

Describing herself as "a nice Catholic girl who lived in a large, suburban house" near Detroit during her teenage years, she said she was targeted by traffickers, drugged, and date-raped at the age of 15 - "I was just a kid," she said - and then blackmailed and forced to work as a prostitute "for two long years."

"They said they would kill me and my family and my dog if I didn't do what they said," reported Flores, adding that she was "beaten into silence every night" by her captors. Throughout her ordeal, she said, she was permitted to live at home, sneaking out every night to turn tricks, and then returning home and going to school the next day. Once, she said, she was kidnapped, taken to inner-city Detroit, and "tortured for hours and hours and left for dead" before being returned to her emotionally absent parents by an unsympathetic police officer. Only when her father moved the family to another city after a job transfer, she said, did she finally break with her captors.

A Prostitute´s View of the Spitzer Sex Scandal

Suki Falconberg, American Chronicle, March 12, 2008

[accessed 14 Aug  2013]

Runaways, very young, who fall into whoring as a way of finding love, acceptance, and survival are the norm, not the exception in America. You don´t have to go to Bangkok or Cambodia to find girl exploited by the sex industry. A thriving child prostitution busi-ness in Atlanta, Georgia sells ones as young as 11 and 12 and these girls (mostly black) report being raped up to 30 times a night.

National CyberTipline Marks 10 Years of Operation

PRNewswire, Alexandria Va., March 10, 2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

The CyberTipline,, the nation's system for reporting suspected sexual exploitation of children will celebrate 10 years of operation this week. Operated by the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (NCMEC), the CyberTipline has processed more than 570,000 reports of sex crimes against children, some as young as two weeks old.

Woman faces 11 years prison for kidnapping El Mirage girl

Gary Sarnoff, ABC-15

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Police said Butler and five others abducted the 15-year-old girl from El Mirage and sold her as a prostitute over the internet.  They initially forced the girl to sleep caged in a dog kennel, according to authorities.  She was rescued by police after 42 days of captivity.

Help end child sex slavery

Tom C. Rawlings, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 21 February 2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

Recent quarterly results from an ongoing independent tracking study indicate that more than 250 adolescent girls are being commercially sexually exploited each month in Georgia through the Internet, escort services and on the streets. This survey was commissioned by the "A Future. Not a Past" campaign to stop the prostitution of children in Georgia.

These young girls are often runaways from the communities we call home. They are from Atlanta, from Savannah, from Macon, from Albany, from Dalton —- and even from towns like Cairo, Jesup and Sylvania. Many of these runaways are escaping homes where they have been physically and sexually abused. But they are running from a bad situation into something even worse.

Child Sex Slavery in Georgia

Editorial by Tom Rawlings, Georgia's Child Advocate for the Protection of Children, The True Citizen, 2008-02-20

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Over the past decade, juvenile justice authorities and police have noted a significant problem of children being sexually exploited by pimps in the Southeast and especially on the streets of metropolitan Atlanta. "Commercial sexual exploitation" describes children engaging in sexual activities for money, profit or any other consideration due to the coercion or influence by an adult, syndicate or group, and it's not new to the United States. It's a problem that child advocates in other parts of the country, such as the Children of the Night organization in California, have been fighting for three decades. An estimated 300,000 children in the United States are current victims of commercial sex exploitation.

Imagine this: you're 12. Your parent has a drug problem. Your parent's "significant other" enjoys coming in your room late at night when your parent is passed out. Every time you get angry about it and try to vent, your parent either hits you or calls the police and has you locked up in the youth detention center. Your whole life has been like this, and you're angry about it. What would you do? Like many children of troubled families, you run away.  Unfortunately, you will likely go from the frying pan to the fire.  Half of runaways are approached for sex and prostitution within 48 hours of hitting the streets, experts say. Records of recent federal pimp prosecutions in Atlanta reveal a world in which adult men and women lure these girls and boys in with offers of friendship, money, or drugs and then beat them into submission with coat hangers and baseball bats.

18-year-old charged with prostituting child

Kirk Mitchell, The Denver Post, 02/13/2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

An 18-year-old woman has been charged with prostituting a child after advertising on the Internet, officials say.

Suburban Houston mom accused of prostituting her child

Matt Peterson, Editor, The Dallas Morning News, Aug. 29, 2008

[accessed 10 August 2011]

For the second time in as many weeks, a Texas woman is accused of prostituting her child.  In the latest case, authorities say Stephanie Hays (right), a 33-year-old suburban Houston woman, offered to let a Missouri man have sex with her 11-year-old son, 2-year-old niece and 5-year-old nephew.

This is the second case in less than a week involving a Texas parent charged with offering their child for sex. Last week, a 25-year-old San Antonio mother and her married boyfriend were charged with trying to prostitute the woman's 5-year-old daughter.

ARIZONA: DVD Reveals Risk of Child Prostitution

Cecilia Chan, Arizona Republic (Phoenix), December 17, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

And according to an undercover sergeant with the Phoenix police vice enforcement unit, seven years ago the average age of a child prostitute was 15. Today, it is 13, the sergeant said.

Ghana: Rescuing the Child Prostitute, Whose Responsibility?

Wisdom Dzidedi Donkor, Public Agenda (Accra), 5 November 2007

[partially accessed 10 August 2011 - access restricted]

RESEARCH FINDINGS - It is believed that one third of street-level prostitutes in the U.S. are less 18 years old while fifty percent of off-street prostitutes are less than 18 years old.Off-street prostitution includes massage parlors, strip clubs, and escort services. According to Estes and Weiner, 12 to 14 is the average age of entry into prostitution for girls under 17 years old in the United States while the average age of entry into prostitution is between 11 and 13.

Report from Toronto 2007: Very Young Girls

Harriette Yahr, Media Rights, November 1, 2007

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

WHAT DREW YOU TO THE SUBJECT MATTER? - We were researching topics for a proposed series about kids in conflict zones, and one topic on our list was international sex trafficking, you know, young girls bought and sold in Russia or Cambodia. We looked into the issue, and found sex trafficking was going on right near our office, in our city.  It turns out if you are seduced and coerced and brought to New York City for the purposes of prostitution from the Ukraine, and you're caught, under the 2002 Human Trafficking Act you will get help and social services. But if you are seduced and coerced and brought to New York City from Bridgeport, Connecticut, and you’re caught, you are going to jail

WHAT DOES THAT SAY TO YOU, ABOUT SOCIETY? - I think we, as a society, are ready to accept as a victim any 12, 13, or 14 year old who is seduced or manipulated into sex by a soccer coach, an uncle, a self-styled religious prophet, or a priest. But we don't, yet, if the predator is a pimp. I think that is because historically we’ve accepted prostitution, here and there, more or less, as not so bad, like gambling. But now that we live in a world where sexual exploitation begins so young, we really have to rethink that view.

Officer, workers honored for busting child sex ring

Pedro Ramirez III, The Post Standard, October 24, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Investigator John Cleere and case workers Connie Foster and Lynda Stanistreet were part of a joint investigation that began in December 2005 and ultimately unearthed several victims ranging in age from 1-year-old to 15-years-old. The types of abuse and exploitation included sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, drugs and child prostitution.

Feds jail man for being a child pimp

Jeff McShan, KVUE-11 News, October 12, 2007

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

FBI Special Agent Vanessa Walther says two girls, ages 14-and 15-years-old, testified against Anderson.  “These guys prey on girls with low self esteem,” said Walther. “They look for what makes that girl tick. Maybe she comes from a poor background and needs money or she is just looking for a boyfriend who loves her and she doesn’t feel pretty.”

Prostitution sting nets 2 - Man forced young girls to sell selves, prosecutors say

John Iwasaki, Seattle Post-Intelligencer P-I, September 14, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

A 15-year-old girl told police Veidt raped her in Hutton's apartment after Veidt forced her into a car driven by Hutton on Aug. 29.

Hutton, who drove a silver Suburban and a black Mercedes and used the moniker "MC," attracted young runaways or girls not living with their parents, court documents said. He coerced them into working as prostitutes, sometimes after harassing, beating and threatening to kill them, according to documents.

How Not to Catch A Predator

[Last access date unavailable]

Exact numbers are hard to come by, but from the OPD’s report and Brantley’s experience interviewing and counseling hundreds of girls seeking to leave prostitution, a few generalizations can be made about the girls Ms. Babaoye and others see every day: the majority are fifteen years of age or younger, most are from outside of Alameda County, and many are from outside of California. The vast majority suffer reproductive health problems, and most have lived in group homes, and have suffered physical or sexual abuse in those homes.

But Ms. Brantley’s favorite number is 95 percent. That percentage refers to the girls she speaks with at juvenile hall who tell her that they want help leaving prostitution. The problem is not one of will, but one of resources. While Oakland and Alameda County are praised for the progressive collaboration between social services and law enforcement to combat child prostitution, most girls who go through the system return to the streets. “In six months, sometimes we see a girl in juvenile hall and under arrest... three or four times in six months,” says Ms. Brantley.

What she wants to see is a safe house where child prostitutes can live for a month to escape the pimps fighting to drag them back to the streets. Without that, many girls now are placed in group homes that perversely become the targets of pimps and predators looking for vulnerable girls.

Guam:  Police can help parents with children beyond control

Mindy Fothergill, KUAM News, September 01, 2007

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

More than a dozen minors were taken into custody on Friday charged with accepting money for sex and stealing cars and breaking into homes. Those involved range in age from 11 to 19. The male minors would seek out potential "John's", those willing to pay for sex. The female teens would then have the men take them to various places for sex in return for money, alcohol, and marijuana. In some cases the men would have sex with the minors, then stop by a store to purchase alcohol. When the man returned from the store he'd find his car was stolen by the very people he had just paid for sexual acts.

Shared Hope International  -  Students Take Action

[Last access date unavailable]

SEX TRAFFICKING AWARENESS AND PREVENTION COLLEGE MATERIALS - Are you a student or professor who wants to raise awareness about sex trafficking and modern-day slavery? Shared Hope International’s Sex Trafficking Awareness and Prevention College Materials includes two ground-breaking documentaries with undercover footage from sex markets around the world, educational Power Point presentations, discussion guides and other valuable resources. Help prevent the horrors of modern-day slavery by educating your community.

Middle Tennessee sees rise in human trafficking

John Bowman, For The Tennessean Advertisement, 6/22/2007

[accessed 10 January 2011]

GIRLS LURED INTO SEX TRADE - As a result of November's arrests, Nashville resident Cristina Andres Perfecto pleaded guilty to two counts of commercial sex trafficking and admitted luring two Mexican girls to the United States by telling them they would be employed at a restaurant in Nashville.

Perfecto admitted she knew all along that the girls, who were 13 and 17, would be coerced to engage in prostitution in brothels in Memphis and Nashville. Perfecto said physical force and threats against the victims and their families were used to force the girls to engage in prostitution.

Mom accused of prostituting her 2 daughters

Dale Lezon and Mike Glenn, The Houston Chronicle, June 14, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

A 16-year-old girl endured being sold into prostitution by her mother but finally went to Houston police after seeing her younger sister also forced to perform sex acts, investigators said Wednesday.

The teenager had complied with her mother — who even distributed business cards offering her daughters for sex — but feared that her 14-year-old sister would be hurt, officers said.

Funds Earmarked for Young American Prostitutes in Atlanta

Adapted from: Jill Young Miller. "Lawmakers provide startup funds to help prostituted kids." The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 10 May 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

To help young girls who have been prostituted, Georgia lawmakers have earmarked $140,000 - far less than advocates wanted. The Juvenile Justice Fund had sought $700,000 from Georgia's 2008 general budget. Its goal was to open a seven-bed regional assessment center and emergency shelter for sexually exploited children.

Many prostituted girls end up locked in youth detention centers or back on the streets. One option is Angela's House, a group home in rural Fulton County, that the Juvenile Justice Fund owns.  But the house has room for only six girls at a time, and they stay for up to six months. In five years, more than 90 girls, some as young as 11, have come to Angela's House for help. Some were runaways lured into prostitution, some were kidnapped and forced into prostitution, some were homeless and desperate.

Study Reveals Surprising Findings About Child Prostitution In City

Solana Pyne, NY1 News, 04/24/2007

[accessed 7 October 2012]

Teen prostitution. The words usually conjure up images of young girls walking the streets. But a new study, the first in the city to extensively interview sexually exploited children, suggests that many of the conventional stereotypes are wrong.  "The most surprising is the amount of boys that are doing this,” says Meredith Dank.

Pimp called ‘Knowledge' sentenced to 23 years

March 25th, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

The prostitutes the group recruited were as young as 13 years old. One victim told the FBI that Thompkins promised her a cell phone, a house and a car if she made enough money prostituting in Atlantic City. When she told him she was only 14, he said “A lot of the girls started working for me when they were that young.”  The ring operated from 1999 through 2005 in Atlantic City, New York, Las Vegas, Boston and Miami.

On Friday, Thompkins, who is from the Bronx, was sentenced to 280 months in prison. There is no parole in the federal system. Thompkins also must pay a $5,000 fine and will be supervised for the rest of his life upon his release.

Police report reveals more about Phoenix prostitution ring

Fox 11 News Tucson, 3/14/2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

A police report sheds new light on a growing problem in the Valley, child prostitution. A police report reveals new details of a recent prostitution ring, busted up just a few weeks ago, involving a 12- and a 15-year-old girl.

Their stories could be about any prostitute really. The youngest one, the 12-year-old, said she was molested by her father and a repeat runaway.  Until one day at a mall she met the wrong man.  The girls were forced to work up to 16 hours a day, walking the streets, like 27th Avenue and Glendale.  Sometimes they were taken out of state, to Los Angeles and Las Vegas.

Keeping our teens safe from exploitation

Jodi Summit, The Timberjay Newspapers Volume 18, Issue 6

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Minske, from north central Minnesota, has been speaking on the topic for several years. This grandmother to 12 hopes her educational message will help end the commercial sexual exploitation of children that is occurring throughout rural and urban parts of the state, and across the nation. While many rural residents think child prostitution is an urban problem, Minske said there have been several high profile cases in northern Minnesota, including areas around Duluth and Brainerd, where teens have been recruited into prostitution, often by men or women who find vulnerable children at malls or other teenage gathering spots, then befriend them and often trick them into prostitution.

The number one area in Minnesota for recruiting teens to prostitution is the Mall of America, Minske said, where pimps will befriend teens, buy them meals and clothes, and then gain enough control to get them into the trade.

The average age of a teen entering prostitution is now between 13 and 14, Minske said.

Los Angeles Charity Rescues Teen Prostitutes in US

Voice of America VOA, Los Angeles, February 06, 2007

[accessed 7 October 2012]

Teenage prostitutes in the United States can escape life on the streets with help from a Los Angeles charity, called Children of the Night. VOA's Mike O'Sullivan reports, the group has helped thousands of youngsters since it was founded.  For 27 years, Children of the Night has helped young prostitutes find shelter and get away from life on the streets.

Woman Pleads Guilty to Forcing Juvenile Girls Into Prostitution In Memphis

PRNewswire-USNewswire, WASHINGTON, Jan. 29, 2007

[accessed 11 January 2011]

At her plea hearing, Perfecto admitted that she told the girls, who were 13 and 17 years of age at the time, that they would be employed at a restaurant in Nashville, knowing all along that the girls would be coerced to engage in prostitution in brothels in Memphis and Nashville.  Perfecto further admitted that co-defendant Juan Mendez then used physical force and threats against the victims and their families to force the victims to engage in prostitution.

Arrests made in forced child prostitution case

Logan Smith, WIS TV-10, Lexington South Carolina, January 28, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

Lexington County Sheriff's Department detectives on Sunday charged three men with having sex with a girl, now 15, whose mother forced the girl to work as a prostitute in order to provide money to finance the mother's crack cocaine habit.

Phoenix police targets rising child prostitution

The Associated Press AP, 2007 -- Information from: The Arizona Republic

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 10 August 2011]

It's hard to believe, but Phoenix police say they have noticed an alarming increase in child prostitution in the past couple of years.  Girls as young as twelve are recruited from shopping malls, arcades, schools, parks, chat rooms and social networking sites on the Internet.  They make 500 to a thousand dollars a night. That money goes to their pimps who promise them fancy cars and clothes. Instead, they are sexually abused, beaten and threatened.

Chelsea Woman Convicted of Engaging in Child Prostitution Scheme

Press Release by U.S. Department of Justice's U.S. Attorney's office for Massachusetts, January 22, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

As part of the plea agreement, DIAZ admitted that between approximately July 2003 and May 2005, she operated an escort service that advertised in multiple publications and websites, and sent individuals – including minors - - on prostitution calls in and around Boston. DIAZ primarily operated the business out of her home in Chelsea. In addition, DIAZ at times traveled to other states for the purpose of having individuals -- including minors -- engage in commercial sex. DIAZ kept all or part of the money obtained for the sex acts performed.  DIAZ also admitted that in July of 2003, she transported Minor A and Minor B, ages 15 and 13 respectively, to New York City to engage in prostitution. DIAZ arranged this meeting through her business, paid for the hotel, supplied condoms and received the money paid by the callers.

Harris, Quan Fight Child Prostitution

Samson Wong, Asian Week, January 12, 2007

[accessed 10 August 2011]

"This year, we [were heading] toward over 600 arrests of girls under 18," she said. "We didn’t know [how big the picture was]. We had a woman come in from the Asian [Health] Clinic a year ago who said, ‘We couldn’t figure out why these girls had so many sexually transmitted diseases, and we figured it out that these girls are working as prostitutes.’"

"What’s troubling is that the girls are younger and younger," said Quan. "The girls that are targeted now are between 13 and 15 years old."  To compare, older high school girls are less vulnerable. "They know that they have options; they’re stronger," she said.

Women charged with offering girls for sex

Josh Noel, Chicago Tribune, Jan 11, 2007

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 August 2011]

Two Chicago women are accused of using a popular Internet site to sell sex with girls as young as 14, authorities said today.  The women placed pictures and advertisements for sex with adult women on, Cook County Sheriff Tom Dart said at a news conference today. But undercover sheriff's officers who responded to the ads discovered the girls involved were as young as 14, the sheriff's office said.

The arrests are the first time the Cook County sheriff's police have arrested anyone in connection with child prostitution on the Internet.

Atlanta’s slave trade

Diane Loupe, The Sunday Paper SP, January 7-13, 2007

[accessed 11 August 2011]

RECRUITED IN SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES - Nicole’s striking good looks always attracted the attention of older men. One 28-year-old boyfriend continued to have sex with her even after she admitted she was 14. He invited friends to have sex with her, too.   Girls such as Nicole often engage in “survival sex”—trading sex for food or shelter—says McCullough. That’s due in part to the fact that 68 percent of adult prostitutes were sexually abused as children; many, like Nicole, actually became prostitutes as children.

Oakland Sees Spike In Child Prostitution

KGO-TV/DT, December 17, 2006

[accessed 11 August 2011]

A recent prostitution sweep conducted by Oakland police led to 48 arrests -- 8 of them minors -- one, just 13-years-old. The department calls the human trafficking of minors "organized crime" that's making Oakland's streets a magnet for child predators.  Eight minors were arrested for prostitution on Thursday night in this sweep -- 13,14,15-years-old.

Juvenile reports rape

Noah Brenner, Jackson Hole Daily, November 28, 2006

[accessed 11 August 2011]

And this summer, police broke up an alleged child prostitution ring that brought young girls from Mexico and forced them into prostitution to pay off their “debt” for bringing them across the border.

Bought and Sold

Bob Herbert, The New York Times, Atlanta, November 20, 2006

[accessed 11 August 2011 - access restricted]

It is beyond unusual for a mayor, especially the mayor of a city that depends as heavily on tourism as Atlanta, to shine a spotlight on a problem as repellent as child prostitution. I asked the mayor why she went ahead with such a high-profile campaign, which includes a “Dear John” initiative that has flooded the city with posters and public service announcements declaring that the men who “buy sex from our kids” will no longer be tolerated.

“We take the position in my administration that the best way to solve a problem is to face the facts,” she said, adding: “We know the problem is here. It’s happening on our watch. It’s unacceptable behavior, and we are not going to stand for it. So look for us to do everything in our power to change it.”

Rising Child Prostitution in America

[access information unavailable]

LEADERS UNITE TO FIGHT PROSTITUTION - Community leaders admit they let their guard down a bit, and once again young girls are being exploited and pimped. In the last battle against the problem, city of Atlanta leaders went after adult entertainment clubs, shutting many of them down.  Now, they say their approach needs to be much more sophisticated, and it's going to take the entire community to pitch in and help.  It was a problem Atlanta community leaders thought they had tackled years ago -- child prostitution.  Girls as young as 11 and 12 years old being exploited, placed on the streets of Atlanta ...

MAN ACCUSED OF CHILD PROSTITUTION - In a statement to investigators, one victim said "I don't like where I’m staying. Our mother just pimps us." The three girls, including two sisters, say the abuse happened in Hatch's office at his used car lot.

Officials pledge to fight a rise in child prostitution

Charles A. Radin, Boston Globe City & Region Desk, October 25, 2006

[accessed 11 August 2011]

More than 30 public and private agencies joined today in a coalition to try counter child and teen prostitution, a problem Suffolk County District Attorney Daniel F. Conley described as "the nation's least recognized epidemic."

"Child prostitution is trending upward," said Boston Police Superintendent Margo Hill. "Technology has helped. Cell phones have taken a lot of it inside. Gang affiliations (with prostitution) also are disturbing.

Child prostitution becoming more common in Arizona

Melissa Phillips, 3TV reporter, AZ Family, October 5, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 August 2011]

"Child prostitution has become and is growing epidemic in the state of Arizona and the city of Phoenix," said Chief Jack Harris of the Phoenix Police Department. "There have been over 35 child prostitutes. These are girls ranging from the age of 13 to 17 years of age."

Officials name sex slave suspect

Gil Brady, Casper Star Tribune, Jackson, September 21, 2006

[accessed 11 January 2011]

Investigators say the girl, who was 13 years old at the time, told a teenage girlfriend, also alleged to have been smuggled and forced to have sex for money with many men here, of her plan to escape to Mexico. Affidavits say the friend informed one or both of their captors, a reportedly 32-year-old Idaho carpenter and a 42-year-old Jackson restaurateur -- both in custody -- of the escape plan. That caused the alleged coyote-ringleaders to threaten to kill a man the 13-year-old victim said she “had met and liked” in Phoenix if she tried to run away, the documents say.

Expert says up to 600 children work city streets nightly

Harvey Rice, Houston Chronicle, Sept. 21, 2006

[accessed 11 August 2011]

Two teenagers testifying in a child sex-trafficking trial are like hundreds of child prostitutes working the Houston streets in a struggle for survival, an expert on child prostitution said Wednesday. The children often willingly become prostitutes because they are fending for themselves on the streets, are abandoned by adults, and have no other way.

Notable New Yorkers: Rachel Lloyd

Kate Sullivan, CBS Broadcasting Inc., New York, Sep 4, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 August 2011]

Tracy, 17, explains that her landlord promised her an apartment, but then forced her into prostitution. He became her pimp, and subjected her to countless sexual acts with adult men.

"Most of the time a pimp will say you are going to be famous. That's the line. Everybody's going to love you."

Tracy said it was that seduction and deception that affected her deeply. "It was scary. I just wake up and I just started to cry, starting to think about it."

Like Tracy, an estimated 2-thousand children are forced into prostitution every year in New York alone. They are often prosecuted and incarcerated - left to deal with the emotional scars on their own.

Three plead guilty to interstate transportation of minors for prostitution

U.S. Department of Justice, Stephen J. Murphy United States Attorney Eastern District of Michigan, August 28, 2006  – Press Release

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 11 August 2011]

At today’s plea hearing, defendants admitted that in May 2005, Deric Willoughby and Brandy Shope brought two minors, aged 14 and 15, to Willoughby’s residence in Toledo, Ohio and, along with Jennifer Huskey, agreed to prostitute the minors. Defendant’s Shope and Huskey instructed the minors that they would have to engage in commercial sexual acts for money, including sexual intercourse and oral sex, that they would be required to call Deric Willoughby “Daddy” and that they would have to respect and obey Willoughby in all things.

Prostitution of Girls a Growing Problem

Cultural Legacy

[accessed 11 August 2011]

The Phoenix Police Department recently identified 60 pimps in the city bent on luring children into prostitution — by trolling area malls. More shockingly, it's not just happening in Phoenix.   The Phoenix Police Department spends as much as 40 percent of its work combating juvenile prostitution. In response, City Councilwoman Peggy Bilsten has created a task force to study child prostitution — and initiate community conversations in an effort to toughen Arizona laws.

Bilsten warned that the predators are targeting girls as young as 11.  "They take an average-looking girl and they go and start telling her how beautiful she is," she told Family News in Focus. "For an example, they say, 'Hey, we'd like you to be a model.' And, within about 90 minutes, they have this young person where they want them."

Anti-trafficking expert teaches training course

Janine Zeitlin, Naples Daily News, August 18, 2006

[accessed 11 January 2011]

Another emerging problem in the human trafficking world is gangs, he said. California gangs are starting to venture into the lucrative crime by recruiting girls from U.S. elementary and high schools into prostitution with the promise of good money and nice clothes, he said. But conditions soon change and girls are forced to stay, he said. Some girls are trafficked out of state, said Castro, noting that San Diego law enforcers have three or four such open investigations.

Child-prostitution cases reveal cruel underworld

Judy Keen, USA Today, Chicago, 7/26/2006

[accessed 11 August 2011]

A harrowing picture of the seamy world of child prostitution is emerging in court documents stemming from a nationwide crackdown that has produced 543 arrests and 94 convictions.

In Detroit, four Ohio residents were charged in December with holding girls as prisoners and making them call their pimp "Daddy."

Indictments of 16 people in Harrisburg, Pa., in December alleged that one 12-year-old girl was forced to have sex to pay for her grandfather's crack cocaine.

The indictments also said pimps from Toledo, Ohio, bought women from one another and beat them if they didn't make enough money.   Of more than 100 prostitutes identified in that investigation, more than 20 were underage; the youngest was 13. Many were rotated through rest areas and truck stops from California to Maryland.

Intelligence Analyst Works to Save Kids

Published: July 15, 2006 -- Source: FBI

[accessed 11 August 2011]

I recently worked on a major child prostitution investigation called "Precious Cargo," which centered on sex trafficking in Pennsylvania, but reached as far away as Florida, Michigan, and Oklahoma. We had intelligence that showed Harrisburg was a hub for trafficking and that minors and adult victims were being prostituted at truck stops. I worked alongside the Pennsylvania State Police, the Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. Attorney's Office, and the FBI's office in Harrisburg. The evidence we gathered exposed the massive scope of the prostitution ring. Last December, a Federal Grand Jury returned indictments against 21 individuals on charges of sex trafficking of children, money laundering, and conspiracy.

Man accused of pimping teenagers

[Last access date unavailable]

The teens, who had run away from home, told police they had been working as prostitutes since meeting Elbert at a liquor store about a month ago. They said he took all of their earnings as payment for a place to live, clothes and food.

County holds conference over exploitation of minors

Leonie Sherman, Oakland Tribune, Oakland, April 29, 2006

[partially accessed 11 August 2011 - access restricted]

[accessed 17 November 2016]

Every year the number of child prostitutes on the streets of Alameda County grows. The number of people working to reverse this alarming trend grows just as rapidly.  Last Wednesday, more than 200 of them gathered for a two-day Sexually Exploited Minors Conference -- about 50 more people than event planners anticipated.

A horrible achievement - Atlanta's child prostitution business is booming

John F. Sugg, Creative Loafing CL Atlanta, April 26, 2006

[accessed 11 August 2011]

"They throw the children in the trunk of a car, take them to another city and trade them to another pimp," Espy says. That's a possible death sentence. At the very least, the children know they may never see their families or homes again.

The Growing Cancer of Child Sexual Exploitation on the Web

Alexandra DeFelice, TechNewsWorld [ECT News Network], 04/25/06

[accessed 12 August 2011]

There were also 2,669 reported incidents of online enticement of children for sexual acts, 611 for unsolicited obscene material sent to a child, 841 misleading domain names, 1,640 reports of child sexual molestation by other than family members, 553 of child prostitution and 202 for child sex tourism. This practice involves adults traveling to foreign countries to engage in sexual activity with children. It is estimated to draw more than one million children into the sex trade each year, especially in developing countries.

Three convicted of forcing child into prostitution

The Associated Press AP, March 02, 2006

[accessed 12 August 2011]

The defendants transported the girl from Massachusetts to Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire to engage in prostitution between October 2000 and September 2002 when she from 13 to 15 years old, prosecutors said.

Area Juvenile Sex Rings Targeted Using Anti-Trafficking Laws

Debbi Wilgoren, Washington Post, March 6, 2006

[accessed 12 August 2011]

They performed sex acts with men in cheap motel rooms, alleys and the back seats of cars, they said. Clients had 10 minutes or it cost extra. One girl, 14 when she was recruited, said her quota was $500 a night, with various sex acts ranging in price from $50 to $150.

Three Mexican Nationals Convicted of Sex Trafficking

United States Attorney, U.S. Department of Justice, Houston TX, February 6, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 August 2011]

At their re-arraignment hearings, the men were convicted of being part of an organization that operated between early 2004 through the summer of 2005, to (1) recruit, entice, harbor, transport, provide and obtain young Mexican women and girls, and benefitting financially from participating in a venture knowing that force, fraud and coercion would be used to cause the young Mexican women and girls to engage in commercial sex acts, and to (2) entice, harbor, transport, provide and obtain young Mexican women and girls, and benefit financially from participation in a venture knowing that the girls, not yet the age of 18, would be engaging in a commercial sex act.

Captive teenage cousins suffer crash course in forced sex trade

Robin Erb, Toledo Blade, January 9, 2006

[partially accessed 12 August 2011 - access restricted]

The rain began to fall harder. The cousins, ages 14 and 15, took the adults up on their offer of a ride. The girls later told police they picked up some Chinese takeout and went over to a Downing Avenue house.  Once inside, police said, Willoughby locked the door and set an alarm system.  "It was made clear to them they weren't free to leave," said Detective Raisanen. "They were told, 'This is your house now. Deric is your daddy, and that's how you'll refer to him, and this is what you'll be expected to do, and if you don't comply, there's going to be consequences,' … arguably for the rest of their lives."

Prostitution in Region 8: Monica's Story

Jonesboro AR, February 9, 2006

[accessed 12 August 2011]

Monica Sartin came to Jonesboro last year, escaping what she calls an abusive relationship with her ex-husband. Addicted to crack cocaine and meth, Monica has fought demons since she first tried drugs at age 11. She turned her first trick at 12.

Crackdown exposes Toledo as a hub of teen prostitution

Robin Erb And Roberta De Boer, Toledo Blade, 1/8/2006

[accessed 12 August 2011]

If the brutal world of teenage prostitution were a legitimate business, Toledo would be among its top employment agencies.  It has supplied top management — iron-fisted pimps who demanded worker productivity and loyalty.

Disturbing trend: More and more young girls are being drawn into sex trade

Karen Eschbacher, The Patriot Ledger, January 07, 2006

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 August 2011]

Prostitutes as young as 11 or 12 are often lured into the business by pimps who promise money, clothes and other niceties. They then work for operations that claim to be escort services or massage parlors and recruit customers online or in newspapers, O’Connell said.

The Youngest Profession

Claudia Rowe, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, December 6, 2005

[partially accessed 12 August 2011 - access restricted]

SEATTLE IS A HUB FOR LURING TEENS INTO LIVES OF PROSTITUTION - The Seattle that Alisha knows is not a city of social liberalism or glittering scenery. For her, it is just a series of worn-out highways where men will happily pay a 15-year-old for sex.

Prostitutes in Cyberspace

The Wave Magazine

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 August 2011]

In the past several months, the South San Francisco police have arrested nearly two dozen people – including at least eight juveniles – for alleged involvement in prostitution. The most recent arrest occurred on November 9, when undercover police caught 20-year-old Tykia Conway, and a 14-year-old girl in a South San Francisco motel after responding to a solicitation posted on Craigslist. Earlier that same week, a 22-year-old Martinez woman was arrested for allegedly attempting to sell her four-year-old daughter for sex on Craiglist, but was later released due to lack of evidence.

Child Prostitution Ring Shut Down

North Country Gazette, Washington DC, December 16, 2005

[accessed 14 Aug  2013]

[scroll down]

In one of the largest coordinated enforcement actions ever taken against child prostitution rings in the United States, 19 individuals have been arrested and more than 30 charged in the latest phase of "Innocence Lost," an ongoing national investigation into criminal enterprises involved in the recruitment of children for prostitution.

Area study says female teen prostitution 'common'

Jo Moreland, North County Times, San Diego, November 2, 2005

[accessed 12 August 2011]

Based on their experiences, the report said, most of the girls, 86 percent, engage in prostitution at least once a week, and almost two-thirds of the girls have pimps over the age of 18.  "A lot of these girls are runaways," said sheriff's Deputy Rick Castro, a former Vista deputy who wasn't interviewed for the study. "They (pimps) promise them a nice place and nice clothes."

Justice Department, FBI, Announce Arrests Targeting Child Prostitution Rings in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Michigan

National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, Washington DC, December 16, 2005

[accessed 24 February 2015]

DETROIT, MICHIGAN/HONOLULU, HAWAII - The indictment alleges that during May 2005, defendants Willoughby, Shope, Huskey, and Gordon engaged in a conspiracy to commit the offenses of sexual exploitation of children and transportation of children for the purposes of prostitution. Specifically, the defendants are alleged to have transported two minor girls from their hometown of Toledo, Ohio to Michigan for the purpose of forcing the two minors to engage in commercial sexual acts for money.

Enslaved in America: Sex Trafficking in the United States

Tina Frundt, Women's Funding Network, Nov 28 2005

[accessed 12 January 2011]

I was 14 years old when I was forced into prostitution. Like many teens at that age, finding my own identity and defying my parents were top on my list. So when a man came into my life and showered me with attention and listened to me when I complained about my parents, I did not think twice that he was ten years my senior. After all, he said I was mature for my age and told me I understood him better than anyone his own age.

Human Trafficking Seen as Threat Within Nation's Borders

Kelli Cottrell, Baptist Press, Los Angeles, Nov 21, 2005

[accessed 12 January 2011]

[accessed 17 November 2016]

Johnny Gosch was a victim in 1982 at age 11 when he was abducted by kidnappers in Des Moines, Iowa, while on his newspaper route.  "He was sold to an organized pedophilia ring where rich pedophiles hire people to kidnap children and then purchase them to molest," said Noreen Gosch, Johnny's mother, who told the story at the conference. Johnny visited his mother many years later in the middle of the night. He told her he had escaped from his captors and was living undercover for fear of being killed, she said.

Martinez Mom Allegedly Offers Daughter, 4, For Sex

Bay City News, Martinez, Nov 12, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 12 August 2011]

The Martinez Police Department reports that a 22-year-old resident was arrested Tuesday for allegedly offering her four-year-old child for sex.  Police received a tip from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children regarding a posting on Craigslist that was soliciting for prostitution.

Runaway raped, held as sex slave

Judi Villa and Lindsey Collom, The Arizona Republic, Nov. 9, 2005

[accessed 13 June 2013]

Since September, the 15-year-old girl had been raped repeatedly, threatened with death and sold for sex over the Internet, police said.  Her captors hid the runaway in a hollowed-out box spring covered with a piece of wood and tucked underneath a bed in a small apartment complex adjacent to Interstate 17 in west Phoenix.

Suspect in runaway prostitute case was child prostitute

The Associated Press AP, Nov 10, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 August 2011]

Butler was similarly imprisoned by a pimp in 2003, when police said she was among eight girls kept in a locked apartment. Butler refused to testify against Christopher Arbuckle, 26, who was convicted of holding the girls and is serving time in an Arizona prison.

Woman Tells Terrifying Story Of Teen Prostitution

San Diego News, November 2, 2005

[accessed 7 October 2012]

Countywide, 76 girls were arrested last year on suspicion of teen prostitution -- a 27 percent increase over a one-year period. And a majority are coerced -- some by family or friends. Others like Sarah are forced by strangers.

Sex trafficking hits home

Emily Kaiser, The Minnesota Daily, October 31, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 18 September 2011]

You couldn't spot them on the street, but right now there are slaves living in local neighborhoods, hidden in basements and being transported along area highways.  The CIA estimates 50,000 women and children are transported each year throughout the United States by being conned and forced into a life of sexual exploitation. The FBI estimates that the average age of a prostitute in the United States is 13.

To stop a forced sex trade

Emily Kaiser, The Minnesota Daily, November 1, 2005

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 18 September 2011]

She said she was trafficked by her family as a young girl and escaped by saving money for college. Stark attended the University her first year and transferred to University of Wisconsin-Madison to get away from her family.

Rural Minnesota is one of the sex trafficking pipelines to larger cities, such as Chicago, she said.

Five Years After Stockholm [PDF]

ECPAT: Fifth Report on implementation of the Agenda for Action

ECPAT International, November 2001

[accessed 13 September 2011]

[B] COUNTRY UPDATES – UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ECPAT USA has carried out research into child prostitution in New York City. The research highlights a number of alarming trends. Firstly, the average age of prostituted youth is decreasing from fourteen to thirteen and even twelve years of age. It is believed that in New York City, there are more boys than girls in prostitution. Secondly, the situation of sexually exploited youth is becoming more violent in terms of physical and sexual violence and the forms of high risk sex youth are forced to engage in.  Thirdly, it is becoming more difficult to monitor the number of sexually exploited youth because prostitution has increasingly moved off the streets. Finally, the research concludes that there are insufficient services to provide sexually exploited youth with the opportunities and support that would allow them to leave and recover from sexual exploitation and other abuses.

Report by Special Rapporteur [DOC]

UN Economic and Social Council Commission on Human Rights, Fifty-ninth session, 6 January 2003$FILE/G0310090.doc

[accessed 13 August 2011]

[77] Children in prostitution under 18 but over the age of sexual consent may incur criminal liability and be dealt with by a juvenile court.  The age of consent ranges from 14 to 18 years throughout the 50 states.  Information was received about the particular situation of children in prostitution in New York City, concluding that although the overwhelming majority of these children are runaways or castaways from dysfunctional homes where they have suffered physical, psychological and sexual abuse, the prevailing view of them is still that they are “bad kids”.  They are arrested more often than their pimps and customers and can face police brutality, particularly those working on the streets and those addicted to drugs.  In order for a case to be prosecuted against a pimp, at least one of the pimp’s girls must testify.  Most refuse, as they rely on the pimp for food and shelter and often remain very loyal to the pimp despite the level of abuse.  Any statements they make against the pimp will be self-incriminating.  As a result of the increased police presence and likelihood of being arrested in Manhattan over the last year, both adults and children have moved to more dangerous and secluded industrial areas of town.

Bold teenage prostitute wanted out of 'game'; Toledoan is home insisting she's not afraid

Robin Erb And Roberta De Boer, Toledo Blade, 5/15/2006

[accessed 13 August 2011]

To Jessica's mother, transactional sex has its advantages.  "You marry a guy and you gotta give him sex and you're not even getting basically nothing out of it," she said.  "These ones I can send home when I'm done with them."

Young Lives For Sale - Why more kids are getting into the sex trade--and how the feds are fighting back

Bay Fang, U.S.News & World Report, LOS ANGELES, 10/16/2005

[accessed 24 February 2015]

Kristie was 13 when she met the first of her four "daddies." She had run away from home in the Southwest, and friends introduced her to a tall, good-looking man, who said the red-haired teenager was sexy and had potential. Pretty soon, he had her prostituting herself on the streets of Las Vegas--and then Los Angeles, Atlanta, and Phoenix.

Federal Grand Jury Indicts District Man for Interstate Sex Trafficking and Rape of Children and Adult Females

6 October 2005 -- Source: U.S.Newswire

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 13 August 2011]

The indictment alleges that he recruited females as young as 14 years of age to engage in prostitution for his own financial benefit. He caused these females to prostitute in D.C. and other locations, including Maryland, New York, and Florida. He used emotional and physical violence, including armed threats, to ensure their compliance with his rules.

Teen's Horror Story Leads To Prostitution Ring Bust News, Miami, October 5, 2005

[accessed 13 August 2011]

Miami police say that they have busted a prostitution ring that was recruiting and using underage girls as prostitutes.

A 16-year-old runaway told her parents about the sex ring when she was returned home last weekend. She said she met a man who said he would help her find work and a place to stay. Then she says the man, xxxxxxxxxx, took her into a bedroom and had sex with her to "test her employment skills." She says he then handed her over to five men who took turns having sex with her to induct her into the "family," a prostitution ring

In addition to being owned and managed by xxxxxxxxx police say the prostitution ring has an enforcer whose job was to take the girls on location and physically enforce the rules by beating the girls if they got out of line.

Ending the quiet tragedy of modern-day slavery

Leland Y. Yee, Assembly Speaker Pro Tem, San Francisco Chronicle, February 17, 2005

[accessed 15 August 2012]

In the past 12 months, immigration agents have raided a number of suspected brothels in quiet San Francisco neighborhoods, exposing a previously unseen tragedy.  Despite shock at how it could happen here, prostitution of youth is sadly all too common in our community and, in fact, often involves children as young as 9 years old. – htsccp

GEORGIA: Child Prostitution: The Hidden Crime

Ty Tagmai, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 08.17.2005

[accessed 13 August 2011]

The report found child prostitution prevalent in rich and poor neighborhoods. Children were forced into sex work from south Atlanta's Metropolitan Parkway - an area known for prostitution - to uptown Buckhead's Pharr Road and in "some of the finest hotels in Atlanta," the report stated. Prostitution-related activity was observed around most city public schools, especially those in predominantly black areas. The report included detailed maps describing where child prostitution had been detected.

Two indicted in child prostitution case

U.S. Department of Justice, Los Angeles, July 5, 2005 – Press Release 05-099

[accessed 13 August 2011]

Specifically, Doss and Ford allegedly conspired to recruit a 14-year-old female and a 16-year-old female to work as prostitutes for Doss. Once the victims were recruited, the indictment alleges, the defendants transported them to various locations in California, including Los Angeles, Sacramento and Oakland, for the purpose of prostitution. On several occasions, the indictment alleges, Doss and Ford also transported these minors from Los Angeles and other parts of California to Reno, Nevada for the purpose of prostitution.

Underage prostitution reaching crisis level on streets of Oakland

Oakland Tribune, 06/07/2005

[accessed 14 August 2011]

"It's a geographic epidemic," said Nola Brantley, director of parenting and youth enrichment for the George Scotlan Youth Center in West Oakland. "The numbers are growing, and the girls are younger and younger. A few years ago we saw girls in the older end of junior high school age. Now we're seeing girls entering junior high school. Twelve-year-olds are giving strangers (oral sex) for $3."

Oakland police net 34 in prostitution sting

Hanna Tamrat, Oakland Tribune, June 4, 2005

[partially accessed 14 August 2011 - access restricted]

The "most alarming thing" is the increased number of juveniles and how young the teen prostitutes are, said Lighten. The youngest to be arrested on suspicion of an act of prostitution was 12.  More than 800 suspected prostitutes have been arrested in the last year, said Officer Mark Turpin of the Special Victims Unit. And, about one in every five is a juvenile.

Teen Prostitution

The Guardian, March 09, 2004

[accessed 14 August 2011]

[scroll down]

Teen prostitution and the sexual exploitation of children is a growing problem in the United States.  Government statistics report a substantial increase in teen prostitution, and indicate that thirteen is the average age of newly recruited teen prostitutes.  Although the majority of teen prostitutes are runaways from poor and inner-city neighborhoods, the percentage of teen prostitutes from upper and middle class homes is trending upward.

Concrete Is Cold And Hard At Night: The Children’s Voices

Jay Shaft, Coalition For Free Thought In Media, Voices Of The Lost And Forgotten - Part Three, 18 May 2005

[accessed 9 August 2011]

RUNAWAY AND DISCARDED CHILDREN - “At least I’m not on the corner trickin’ and smokin’ rock,” she says, while missing the irony of her statements. “If I gotta give up my ass I’m gonna do it my way. If I don’t like a guy I’m stayin’ with I just find another one. Lots of guys out there would kill to have a fourteen year old livin’ with ‘em and givin’ up ass.”

Exploited Girls in U.S. Seek Same Protection Afforded Foreign Women

Jim Lobe,, Washington DC, March 5, 2004

[accessed 14 August 2011]

Children forced to become prostitutes in the United States should receive far more protection and support from government and non-governmental agencies than they are receiving today, according to five survivors of domestic sex trafficking in the United States who spoke at an unprecedented Congressional briefing on sexually exploited youth.

Special Report: Selling Atlanta’s Children - Runaway girls lured into the sex trade are being jailed for crimes while their adult pimps go free

Jane O. Hansen, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Jan. 7, 2001

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 14 August 2011]

"I think I have been locked up long enough," the girl said in a small, high-pitched voice. She began to cry and rubbed her eyes with balled-up fists. "If you would just let me go home…"  But for children like her and her 11-year-old sister, also an alleged prostitute, it’s not that simple.  In Atlanta, prostituted children often go to jail while the adults who exploit them go free, court records show.

Thailand Ranks Third in Number of Child Prostitution  [Editor’s note: U.S.A  Ranks Second]

People's Daily Online

[accessed 29 May 2011]

Thailand ranks third after India and the U.S. in the number of child prostitutes, the United Nations (UN) said in its report prepared for the Second World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation.  According to the U.N. report, about 400,000 women and children are believed to be sexually exploited in India, between 244,000 and 325,000 in the U.S., 200,000 in Thailand, 175,000 in eastern and central Europe, 100,000 in Brazil and 35,000 in West Africa.

Homegrown sex trafficking; Combat the exploitation of American youth

Marie Smith, The Washington Times, 29-APR-2005

[accessed 14 Aug  2013]

Sex trafficking is known to destroy the lives of women and children internationally, but it is also "homegrown" and devastates the lives of American youth from all economic levels. Summer is fast approaching and with it an increase in the number of children living on the streets at risk for increased commercial sexual exploitation. They live in fear of losing their coping mechanisms (drugs and alcohol), and fear of losing a place to live and food to eat. These children are also ashamed and fear their families will find out what they have been doing. They fear the police and fear being returned home.

Sex Trafficking of American Youth [PDF]

Stop Trafficking! - Anti-Human Trafficking Newsletter, Vol.4 No.3, March 2006

[accessed 14 August 2011]


Kris, age 15, was lured from a Brooklyn party by four people she met there, raped and nearly forced into a life of prostitution.  She is not a runaway.  She's a typical New York teen, a good student who comes from a strong, loving and supportive family ...

Ellen, a 16-year old runaway, was forced to work for a NJ prostitution ring that operated out of motels ...

Debbie, 15 years old, the middle child in a close-knit Air Force family from suburban Phoenix and a straight-A student, was kidnapped from the driveway of her home one evening.  Tied up, threatened and driven around Phoenix for hours, she was drugged and brought into a building where six men gang-raped her.   They advertised her on Craigslist in a section entitled "Teen Love".

Fact Sheet: Commercial Sexual Exploitation [PDF]

United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF, 22 July 2004

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 14 June 2011]

FACTS AND FIGURES - An estimated 2 million children, the majority of them girls, are sexually exploited in the multi-billion dollar commercial sex industry. At the end of 2000, as many as 325,000 children were at risk of commercial sexual exploitation in the United States alone.

Teen prostitution is also a suburban problem, says former Minneapolis mayor Hofstede

T.W. Budig, Capitol Roundup, 4 November 1999

At one time this article had been archived and may possibly still be accessible [here]

[accessed 9 August 2011]

The most vulnerable category of children susceptible to becoming involved in prostitution are runaway or homeless youths, the report notes.  A child is usually approached by a person willing to pay for sex within 36 to 48 hours of the child being on the street, the report states.

While a 1997 Wilder Research Center study estimated that there are some 730 homeless youth s in Minnesota on any given night, other social agencies put the figure much higher ó as high as 2000 to 3000.

Children of the Night

Children of the Night

[accessed 7 October 2012]

Children of the Night is a privately funded non-profit organization established in 1979 and dedicated to rescuing America's children from the ravages of prostitution

Children of the Night is dedicated to assisting children between the ages of 11 and 17 who are forced to prostitute on the streets for food and a place to sleep.

Homeless Kids Find Shelter at Covenant House

Covenant House

[accessed 9 August 2011]

Covenant House International is the largest privately-funded agency in the Americas providing shelter and other services to homeless, runaway and throwaway youth.

In addition to food, shelter, clothing and immediate crisis care, Covenant House provides a variety of services to homeless, runaway and throwaway youth including medical care, educational and vocational programs, drug abuse treatment and prevention programs, legal aid services, recreation programs, mother/child programs, transitional living programs, life-skills training and street outreach.

The Covenant House NINELINE (1-800-999-9999 / received and immediately responded to more than 48,000 crisis calls from youngsters all over the United States who needed immediate help and had nowhere else to turn. Acercatel, the Covenant House 24-hour national crisis hotline in Mexico, received and responded to more than 13,000 crisis calls.

City Announces Crackdown On Child Prostitution


[Last access date unavailable]

A new city program to combat child prostitution will crack down on the pimps who exploit kids and also provide a residential treatment facility to help heal the children arrested for the crime.  The Sexual Assault and Violence Intervention Program, based at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Manhattan, will provide the counselors for those children arrested, officials said.

Sexual Slavery in Southern California Today?  Epidemic, say officials

C.S.I. , February 9, 2004 -- Source:

[accessed 8 January 2011]

She was a teenage girl from an impoverished village in Bangladesh. The American couple offered her transport to America and a better life: a nice job as their nanny and housekeeper, wages and opportunity. The dream offer dissolved into a nightmare as soon as she reached sunny Southern California. The couple informed her she owed them a huge sum for bringing her into the country and forced her to work without wages for years in their home, where she was repeatedly raped and beaten by the husband and abused by the wife. After three failed attempts, and with the help of good Samaritans, she finally escaped.

Prostituted Youth in New York City: An Overview [PDF]

Mia Spangenberg, ECPAT-USA, 2001

[accessed 14 August 2011]

[accessed 17 November 2016]

On child prostitution in particular, hardly any comprehensive research has been done to document the number of prostituted children or the circumstances that have led them into prostitution.  Much less do we provide adequate services for them.  Yet, there are as many as 400,000 prostituted children in the US.

Atlanta Combats Child Prostitution

Susanna Capelouto, Georgia Public Radio, May 9, 2001

[accessed 14 August 2011]

new efforts by state and local officials to combat child prostitution in Atlanta. The government has taken the unprecedented step of indicting 14 suspected pimps under the RICO anti-racketeering statute.

The (ongoing) San Diego, California Child Mass Sexual Slavery Scandal

LibertadLatina, July 31, 2009

[accessed 8 January 2011]

The articles here below describe one of the largest known child and youth sex trafficking cases in the United States to date.  In one of several related cases, hundreds of Mexican girls between 7 and 18 were kidnapped or subjected to false romantic entrapment by organized criminal sex trafficking gangs.  Victims were then brought to San Diego County, California.  Over a 10 year period these girls were raped by hundreds of men per day in more than 2 dozen home based and agricultural camp based brothels.

The Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children In the U. S., Canada and Mexico – Abstract

Richard J. Estes and Neil Alan Weiner, University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work - Center for the Study of Youth Policy, September 18, 2001

[accessed 14 August 2011]

MAJOR FINDINGS - Patterns of child sexual exploitation are fueled by: 1) the use of prostitution by runaway and throwaway children to provide for their subsistence needs; 2) the presence of pre-existing adult prostitution markets in the communities where large numbers of street youth are concentrated; 3) prior history of child sexual abuse and child sexual assault; 4) poverty; 5) the presence of large numbers of unattached and transient males in communities--including military personnel, truckers, conventioneers, sex tourists, among others; 6) for some girls, membership in gangs; 7) the promotion of juvenile prostitution by parents, older sib-lings and boy friends; 8) the recruitment of children by organized crime units for prostitution; and, increasingly, 9) illegal trafficking of children for sexual purposes to the U.S. from developing countries located in Asia, Africa, Central and South America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

The Sexual Exploitation of Children - A Working Guide to the Empirical Literature [PDF]

Richard J. Estes, University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work, Center for Youth Policy Studies, August 2001

[accessed 9 August 2011]

[accessed 14 January 2017]

[page 22, section D]


1. Prevalence  2. Causes/Risk Factors Associated With Running Away  3. Social and Health Risks of Runaway & Street Youth--Including Sexually Exploited Youth  4. Gangs and Gang Culture Among Runaway/Street Youth   5. Homeless Youth  -  sccp




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